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393 records – page 1 of 40.

Farm-level economics of innovative tillage technologies: the case of no-till in the Altai Krai in Russian Siberia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295758
Source
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Jan; 25(2):1016-1032
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Jan-2018
Author
Miroslava Bavorova
Nizami Imamverdiyev
Elena Ponkina
Author Affiliation
Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin-Luther-University-Halle-Wittenberg, Karl-Freiherr-von-Fritsch-Str. 4, 06120, Halle (Saale), Germany. miroslava.bavorova@landw.uni-halle.de.
Source
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Jan; 25(2):1016-1032
Date
Jan-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Agriculture - instrumentation - methods
Farms - economics
Models, Economic
Siberia
Abstract
In the agricultural Altai Krai in Russian Siberia, soil degradation problems are prevalent. Agronomists recommend "reduced tillage systems," especially no-till, as a sustainable way to cultivate land that is threatened by soil degradation. In the Altai Krai, less is known about the technologies in practice. In this paper, we provide information on plant cultivation technologies used in the Altai Krai and on selected factors preventing farm managers in this region from adopting no-till technology based on our own quantitative survey conducted across 107 farms in 2015 and 2016. The results of the quantitative survey show that farm managers have high uncertainty regarding the use of no-till technology including its economics. To close this gap, we provide systematic analysis of factors influencing the economy of the plant production systems by using a farm optimization model (linear programming) for a real farm, together with expert estimations. The farm-specific results of the optimization model show that under optimal management and climatic conditions, the expert Modern Canadian no-till technology outperforms the farm min-till technology, but this is not the case for suboptimal conditions with lower yields.
PubMed ID
28573561 View in PubMed
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An econometric analysis of regional differences in household waste collection: the case of plastic packaging waste in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature160868
Source
Waste Manag. 2008;28(10):1720-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Olle Hage
Patrik Söderholm
Author Affiliation
Economics Unit, Luleå University of Technology, SE 971 87, Luleå, Sweden. olle.hage@ltu.se
Source
Waste Manag. 2008;28(10):1720-31
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Models, Economic
Plastics
Product Packaging
Refuse Disposal - economics
Sweden
Abstract
The Swedish producer responsibility ordinance mandates producers to collect and recycle packaging materials. This paper investigates the main determinants of collection rates of household plastic packaging waste in Swedish municipalities. This is done by the use of a regression analysis based on cross-sectional data for 252 Swedish municipalities. The results suggest that local policies, geographic/demographic variables, socio-economic factors and environmental preferences all help explain inter-municipality collection rates. For instance, the collection rate appears to be positively affected by increases in the unemployment rate, the share of private houses, and the presence of immigrants (unless newly arrived) in the municipality. The impacts of distance to recycling industry, urbanization rate and population density on collection outcomes turn out, though, to be both statistically and economically insignificant. A reasonable explanation for this is that the monetary compensation from the material companies to the collection entrepreneurs vary depending on region and is typically higher in high-cost regions. This implies that the plastic packaging collection in Sweden may be cost ineffective. Finally, the analysis also shows that municipalities that employ weight-based waste management fees generally experience higher collection rates than those municipalities in which flat and/or volume-based fees are used.
PubMed ID
17931849 View in PubMed
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Source
Lakartidningen. 1995 Jun 7;92(23):2380
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-7-1995
Author
P. Wölner-Hanssen
Source
Lakartidningen. 1995 Jun 7;92(23):2380
Date
Jun-7-1995
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Comparative Study
Female
Health Policy
Humans
Models, Economic
Pregnancy
Sweden
PubMed ID
7783501 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Reply from the Public Health Agency: Important first step to estimate the cost of resistance].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature271352
Source
Lakartidningen. 2015;112
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015

Arctic: Uncertainties in methane link.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature107677
Source
Nature. 2013 Aug 29;500(7464):529
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-29-2013
Author
Dirk Notz
Victor Brovkin
Martin Heimann
Source
Nature. 2013 Aug 29;500(7464):529
Date
Aug-29-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Freezing
Global warming
Humans
Methane - adverse effects - analysis
Models, Economic
Notes
Comment In: Nature. 2013 Aug 29;500(7464):52923991441
Comment On: Nature. 2013 Jul 25;499(7459):401-323887416
PubMed ID
23985863 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Nature. 2013 Aug 29;500(7464):529
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-29-2013
Author
Janis Hoberg
Francisco Ascui
Source
Nature. 2013 Aug 29;500(7464):529
Date
Aug-29-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Freezing
Global warming
Humans
Methane - adverse effects - analysis
Models, Economic
Notes
Comment On: Nature. 2013 Jul 25;499(7459):401-323887416
PubMed ID
23985861 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Nature. 2013 Aug 29;500(7464):529
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-29-2013
Author
Frans-Jan W Parmentier
Torben R Christensen
Source
Nature. 2013 Aug 29;500(7464):529
Date
Aug-29-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Freezing
Global warming
Humans
Methane - adverse effects - analysis
Models, Economic
Notes
Comment In: Nature. 2013 Aug 29;500(7464):52923991441
Comment On: Nature. 2013 Jul 25;499(7459):401-323887416
PubMed ID
23985860 View in PubMed
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[Social perspective on health care leads to radically new ideas]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature64587
Source
Lakartidningen. 1995 Jun 28;92(26-27):2652
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-28-1995
Author
H. Nilsson
Source
Lakartidningen. 1995 Jun 28;92(26-27):2652
Date
Jun-28-1995
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Female
Humans
Mass Screening - economics - methods
Models, Economic
Pregnancy
Sweden - epidemiology
Notes
Comment On: Lakartidningen. 1995 May 17;92(20):2085-6, 2089-90, 20937760595
PubMed ID
7637439 View in PubMed
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[Health, quality of live and money. Using cost-effectiveness analysis for setting health priorities].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146839
Source
Laeknabladid. 2009 Nov;95(11):743
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2009
Author
Bryndís Benediktsdóttir
Source
Laeknabladid. 2009 Nov;95(11):743
Date
Nov-2009
Language
Icelandic
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Health Priorities - economics
Humans
Iceland
Models, Economic
Quality of Life
Notes
Comment On: Laeknabladid. 2009 Nov;95(11):747-5319996463
PubMed ID
19996461 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Wrong to use 2 different methods that do not detect the same patients]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature64586
Source
Lakartidningen. 1995 Jun 28;92(26-27):2652
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-28-1995
Author
A. Aberg
A. Frid
Source
Lakartidningen. 1995 Jun 28;92(26-27):2652
Date
Jun-28-1995
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Comparative Study
Female
Humans
Mass Screening - economics - methods
Models, Economic
Pregnancy
Sweden - epidemiology
PubMed ID
7637440 View in PubMed
Less detail

393 records – page 1 of 40.