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113 records – page 1 of 12.

[Activities of the regional occupational health center under present-day conditions].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187073
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2002;(11):25-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
2002
Author
I N Piktushanskaia
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2002;(11):25-30
Date
2002
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Coal Mining
European Union
Humans
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis - prevention & control
Occupational Health Services - manpower - trends
Physical Examination
Pneumoconiosis - diagnosis - prevention & control
Russia
USSR
Abstract
The authors represented experience of contemporary activities of Occupational center in Rostov region, demonstrated efficiency of thorough medical examinations carried by mobile clinical and diagnostic laboratories, suggested 4-levels structure of occupational service organization.
PubMed ID
12520907 View in PubMed
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Anthropogenic metal enrichment of snow and soil in north-eastern European Russia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187421
Source
Environ Pollut. 2003;121(1):11-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
T R Walker
S D Young
P D Crittenden
H. Zhang
Author Affiliation
School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Nottingham, University Park, UK.
Source
Environ Pollut. 2003;121(1):11-21
Date
2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Coal Mining
Environmental pollution
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Industrial Waste
Metals - analysis
Russia
Snow
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
Trace metal composition of winter snowpack, snow-melt filter residues and top-soil samples were determined along three transects through industrial towns in the Usa basin, North-East Russia: Inta, Usinsk and Vorkuta. Snow was analysed for Ag, Al, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr and Zn using ICP-MS (Ca and K by F-AAS for Vorkuta only), pH and acidity/alkalinity. Filter residues were analysed for: Al, Ba, Ca, Cd, Cu, K, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr and Zn using F-AAS and GF-AAS; top-soil samples were analysed for Ba, Cu, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Sr, Zn using F-AAS. Results indicate elevated concentrations of elements associated with alkaline combustion ash around the coal mining towns of Vorkuta and Inta. There is little evidence of deposition around the gas and oil town of Usinsk. Atmospheric deposition in the vicinity of Vorkuta, and to a lesser extent Inta, added significantly to the soil contaminant loading as a result of ash fallout. Acid deposition was associated with pristine areas whereas alkaline combustion ash near to emission sources more than compensated for the acidity caused by SO2.
PubMed ID
12475056 View in PubMed
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Assessment of elemental composition and properties of copper smelter-affected dust and its nano- and micron size fractions.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280965
Source
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Dec;23(23):23781-23790
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2016
Author
Mikhail S Ermolin
Petr S Fedotov
Alexandr I Ivaneev
Vasily K Karandashev
Andrey A Burmistrov
Yury G Tatsy
Source
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Dec;23(23):23781-23790
Date
Dec-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - analysis - chemistry - toxicity
Copper - analysis - chemistry - toxicity
Dust - analysis
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Mining
Particle Size
Risk assessment
Russia
Abstract
A comprehensive approach has been developed to the assessment of composition and properties of atmospherically deposited dust in the area affected by a copper smelter. The approach is based on the analysis of initial dust samples, dynamic leaching of water soluble fractions in a rotating coiled column (RCC) followed by the determination of recovered elements and characterization of size, morphology and elemental composition of nano-, submicron, and micron particles of dust separated using field-flow fractionation in a RCC. Three separated size fractions of dust (2 µm) were characterized by static light scattering and scanning electron microscopy, whereupon the fractions were analyzed by ICP-AES and ICP-MS (after digestion). It has been evaluated that toxic elements, which are characteristics for copper smelter emissions (As, Cu, Zn), are accumulated in fraction >2 µm. At the same time, up to 2.4, 3.1, 8.2, 6.7 g/kg of As, Cu, Zn, Pb, correspondently, were found in nanoparticles (2 µm, or the bulk sample. It may be assumed that Sn, Sb, Ag, Bi, Tl compounds are adsorbed onto the finest dust particles as compared to As, Cu, Zn compounds, which are directly emitted from the copper smelter as microparticles.
PubMed ID
27623857 View in PubMed
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[Bicycle ergometric loading in the diagnosis of a latent obstructive bronchial syndrome in coal miners in the prenosologic period of the development of chronic dust-induced bronchitis].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature200269
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 1999;(10):46-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999

Calibration system for measuring the radon flux density.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature271780
Source
Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2015 Jun;164(4):582-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2015
Author
A. Onishchenko
M. Zhukovsky
V. Bastrikov
Source
Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2015 Jun;164(4):582-6
Date
Jun-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adsorption
Algorithms
Calibration
Charcoal
Diffusion
Equipment Design
Mining
Radiation Exposure
Radiation Monitoring - instrumentation - methods
Radon - analysis
Russia
Soil Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Uranium
Abstract
The measurement of radon flux from soil surface is the useful tool for the assessment of radon-prone areas and monitoring of radon releases from uranium mining and milling residues. The accumulation chambers with hollow headspace and chambers with activated charcoal are the most used devices for these purposes. Systematic errors of the measurements strongly depend on the geometry of the chamber and diffusion coefficient of the radon in soil. The calibration system for the attestation of devices for radon flux measurements was constructed. The calibration measurements of accumulation chambers and chambers with activated charcoal were conducted. The good agreement between the results of 2D modelling of radon flux and measurements results was observed. It was demonstrated that reliable measurements of radon flux can be obtained by chambers with activated charcoal (equivalent volume ~75 l) or by accumulation chambers with hollow headspace of ~7-10 l and volume/surface ratio (height) of >15 cm.
PubMed ID
25977351 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Case-control study of lung cancer and combined home and work radon exposure in the town of Lermontov].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature126504
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2011 Nov-Dec;51(6):705-14
Publication Type
Article
Author
O A Pakholkina
M V Zhukovskii
I V Iarmoshenko
V L Lezhnin
S P Vereiko
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2011 Nov-Dec;51(6):705-14
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenocarcinoma - epidemiology
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - adverse effects
Alpha Particles
Case-Control Studies
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Environmental Exposure
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lung Neoplasms - epidemiology
Male
Mining
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Exposure
Radon - adverse effects
Russia
Uranium - adverse effects
Abstract
Relation between the risk of lung cancer and combined home and work indoor radon exposure was studied on the example of the population of Lermontov town (Stavropol Region, Russia). The town is situated in the former uranium mining area. Case (121 lung cancer cases) and control (196 individuals free of lung cancer diagnosis) groups of the study included both ex-miners and individuals that were not involved in the uranium industry. Home and work radon exposures were estimated using archive data as well as contemporary indoor measurements. The results of our study support the conclusion about the effect of radon exposure on the lung cancer morbidity.
PubMed ID
22384722 View in PubMed
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[Central hemodynamic function of miners operating underground self-propelled equipment in the Arctic Kola Peninsula].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature232886
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1988 Jul;(7):49-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1988

Characteristics of mining-ecological monitoring of environmental objects changing under the influence of toxic waste tailing dump ("Solnechny GOK" Company).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131744
Source
Environ Monit Assess. 2012 May;184(5):2775-81
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2012
Author
Lyudmila Timofeevna Krupskaya
Marina Borisovna Bubnova
Valentina Pavlovna Zvereva
Alexandr Valerjevich Krupskiy
Author Affiliation
Far Eastern Department of RAS, Mining Institute, Khabarovsk, Russia. eco@igd.khv.ru
Source
Environ Monit Assess. 2012 May;184(5):2775-81
Date
May-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental monitoring
Environmental Pollutants - analysis - toxicity
Environmental Pollution - statistics & numerical data
Hazardous Waste - analysis - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Mining
Plant Infertility - drug effects
Plants - drug effects
Pollen - drug effects
Refuse Disposal
Risk assessment
Russia
Abstract
The article considers the characteristics of mining-ecological monitoring of environmental objects changing under the influence of toxic waste tailing dump (OAO "Solnechny GOK" Company).
PubMed ID
21881900 View in PubMed
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[Characteristics of the progression of silicosis under alpine conditions].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature213471
Source
Gig Sanit. 1996 Jan-Feb;(1):16-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
N K Voznesenskii
Source
Gig Sanit. 1996 Jan-Feb;(1):16-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Altitude
Anoxia - immunology - physiopathology - radiography
Antibody formation
Autoimmunity
Disease Progression
Humans
Immunity, Cellular
Mining
Russia
Silicosis - immunology - physiopathology - radiography
Abstract
Siliceous dust during hypobaric hypoxia under the conditions of high mountains causes a rapid onset of silicosis in miners. Nodular silicosis types are prevalent. Lower activity of antioxidative protective enzymes and activated free radical oxidation and autoimmune responses are detectable.
PubMed ID
8714835 View in PubMed
Less detail

113 records – page 1 of 12.