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33 records – page 1 of 4.

Assessment of hand-arm vibration syndrome in a northern Ontario base metal mine.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192001
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2001;22(3-4):88-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
C. Hill
W J Langis
J E Petherick
D M Campbell
T. Haines
J. Andersen
K K Conley
J. White
N E Lightfoot
R J Bissett
Author Affiliation
Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers Inc.(Sudbury), 1780 Regent Street South, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 3Z8. CHill@ohcow.on.ca
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2001;22(3-4):88-92
Date
2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Cumulative Trauma Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Hand - physiopathology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mining
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Ontario - epidemiology
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Syndrome
Vibration - adverse effects
Abstract
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) in 617 workers at a base metal mine in northern Ontario. Workers who were employed at the mine between the years 1989 and 1994 and who continued to live within a 100 km radius of the mine were sent a self-reported questionnaire to identify individuals with possible vibration-induced symptoms in their upper extremities. Of the 162 workers who attended the medical examination, 50% were diagnosed with HAVS, 26% had other diagnoses with some workers having multiple afflictions e.g., both HAVS and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). No vibration-induced symptoms were reported in 35% of the workers who were clinically normal. The study was designed to educate, advise, and to make recommendations on the prevention of HAVS. Ongoing commitments to technological improvements, mandatory and regular rest periods, and continuing educational sessions on the syndrome should help to reduce the prevalence of this disease.
PubMed ID
11779422 View in PubMed
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[Bronchopulmonary diseases features in miners of Kolsky Transpolar area].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature150420
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2009;(4):35-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
S A Siurin
A N Nikanov
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2009;(4):35-9
Date
2009
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Bronchial Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Copper - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Lung Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Male
Mining
Nickel - adverse effects
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Prevalence
Siberia - epidemiology
Abstract
Miners engaged into open-cast and underground extraction of copper-nickel ores in Kolsky Transpolar area have chronic bronchitis as a main nosologic entity among chronic bronchopulmonary diseases (19.1% of the workers). Considerably lower (4.0% of the workers) occurrence concerns chronic obstructive lung disease and bronchial asthma, both developed before the occupational involvement (1.3% of the workers). Complex of occupational and nonoccupational risk factors is connected mostly with smoking that increases COLD/CB risk 10.7-15.8-fold.
PubMed ID
19514169 View in PubMed
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[Bronchopulmonary diseases in workers engaged in deep-mined extraction of copper-nickel ore].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature156383
Source
Gig Sanit. 2008 May-Jun;(3):27-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
S A Siurin
A A Derevoedov
A N Nikanov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2008 May-Jun;(3):27-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Bronchial Diseases - epidemiology
Copper
Humans
Industry
Lung Diseases - epidemiology
Mining - statistics & numerical data
Nickel
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Prevalence
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Examinations were made in 220 male workers exposed to dust-gas (low-silicon dioxide, nitric oxides, and carbon oxide) mixture, physical exercises, and cooling microclimate on deep-mined output of copper-nickel ore. Twenty-eight per cent of the workers were found to have evolving chronic bronchitis that did not substantially affect the patients' working capacity; 3.2% had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 1.4% had asthma that had developed before the onset of professional activity. 32.3% of the examinees were ascertained to have individual clinicofunctional disorders that permit their identification as a bronchopulmonary disease risk group to carry out early preventive and rehabilitative measures.
PubMed ID
18592635 View in PubMed
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[Characteristics of mine aerosol and occupational pulmonary diseases in highly-mechanized mine workers].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature148849
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2009;(7):7-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
A G Chebotarev
I Iu Gibadulina
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2009;(7):7-12
Date
2009
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aerosols - adverse effects
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects
Humans
Lung Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Mining
Occupational Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The article contains evaluation of physical and chemical properties of mine aerosol in mines using self-propelled diesel devices, information on the aerosol and exhaust gases components concentrations in the workplace air. Dispersed phase of the aerosol is presented by mineral and organic components, mineral and soot particles absorb gaseous exhaust components. Feature of occupational pulmonary diseases in highly-mechanized mine workers is toxic dust affection of bronchi, mostly with asthmatic course and chronic obstructive type of respiratory dysfunction, relatively short-term disease development.
PubMed ID
19715218 View in PubMed
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[Chronic occupational bronchitis in workers of coal extracting enterprises in Kouzbass: role of endogenous factors].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143489
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(3):37-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
N I Gafarov
V V Zakharenkov
N I Panev
A V Burdein
V P Puzyrev
A A Rudko
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(3):37-40
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acid Phosphatase - blood
Adult
Biological Markers - blood
Bronchitis, Chronic - blood - epidemiology - genetics
Carboxylesterase - blood
Coal
Coal Mining
Dust
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Genotype
Haptoglobins - metabolism
Humans
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - blood - epidemiology - genetics
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Polymorphism, Genetic
Prevalence
Siberia - epidemiology
Vitamin D-Binding Protein - blood
Abstract
The authors studied distribution of biochemical markers for HP, GC, EsD, AcP genes, polymorphism of GSTT1 (GST-theta 1), GSTM1 (GST-mu 1), locus WNTR of NOS3 gene (alleles A/B) in chronic dust bronchitis patients and in apparently healthy individuals. Genotypes EsD 1-2 and AcP bb individuals were proved to be most prone to the disease. Endogenous resistent factors for chronic dust bronchitis are genotypes GC 1-1, EsD 1-1, AcP bc.
PubMed ID
20480820 View in PubMed
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[Contribution of occupational factors into development of atherogenic dislipoproteinemia in coal miners].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature165163
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2006;(12):11-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
O N Ushatikova
L P Kuz'mina
Iu Iu Gorblianskii
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2006;(12):11-7
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Atherosclerosis - blood - epidemiology - etiology
Coal Mining
Dyslipidemias - blood - complications - epidemiology
Humans
Lipoproteins - blood
Male
Occupational Diseases - blood - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Prevalence
Prognosis
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Studies covered structure and frequency of dislipoproteinemia in coal miners,the authors demonstrated correlation of etiologic factors and role of occupational factor in atherogenic dislipoproteinemia development. SCORE system helped to assess individual overall risk of fatal cardiovascular diseases development in miners.
PubMed ID
17300049 View in PubMed
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Development of computational information technology for monitoring NCD risks in the Russian population: preliminary results.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature281794
Source
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2014;202:253-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Svetlana P Chernykh
Sergey G Rudnev
Dmitriy V Nikolaev
Olga A Starunova
Source
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2014;202:253-6
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease - epidemiology
Comorbidity
Data Mining - methods
Electronic Health Records - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity - epidemiology
Pilot Projects
Population Surveillance - methods
Prevalence
Risk factors
Russia
Sex Distribution
Young Adult
Abstract
Here, we report first results on the development of computational health information technology for monitoring chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) risks in Russia based on data of the large-scale ongoing population survey in Health Centers (HCs). The technology involve algorithms for automated raw data process and generation of joint database, tools for data standardization and visualization, the assessment of risks, and other components. The data on physical status of Russians, including height, weight, and BMI are provided and compared with Belgian (1835), Swiss (2002), and US (1988-1994) reference datasets. The age-standardized prevalence of obesity in 5-85 years-old Russians according to the conventional WHO criteria was found to be high (18.9% in males and 26.7% in females) and varied significantly across federal subjects of Russia thus suggesting an importance of the Russian NCDs risks monitoring system for planning and evaluation of the effectiveness of preventive and therapeutic measures.
PubMed ID
25000064 View in PubMed
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[Disorders of cerebral hemodynamics in workers of ore mining and processing enterprise].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature153841
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2008;(9):14-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
I R Gazizova
E R Shailikhslamova
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2008;(9):14-7
Date
2008
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Basilar Artery - physiopathology - ultrasonography
Brain - blood supply - physiopathology
Catchment Area (Health)
Cerebrovascular Circulation - physiology
Eye - blood supply
Humans
Industry - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Mining - statistics & numerical data
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - physiopathology
Prevalence
Russia - epidemiology
Ultrasonography, Doppler
Vertebral Artery - physiopathology - ultrasonography
Abstract
Using Doppler technologies, the authors studied blood flow in carotid and vertebral basillary systems of brain circulation, in orbital and central retinal arteries among workers of major occupations in ore mining and processing enterprise, who are subjected to occupational hazards complex. Workers with length of service over 20 years appeared to have stenosis and occlusion of medial cerebral artery and basillary artery.
PubMed ID
19062582 View in PubMed
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Effect of exposure of miners to aluminium powder.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature228022
Source
Lancet. 1990 Nov 10;336(8724):1162-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-10-1990
Author
S L Rifat
M R Eastwood
D R McLachlan
P N Corey
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada.
Source
Lancet. 1990 Nov 10;336(8724):1162-5
Date
Nov-10-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aluminum - administration & dosage - adverse effects
Aluminum Oxide - administration & dosage - adverse effects
Chronic Disease
Cognition Disorders - chemically induced - epidemiology - mortality
Cohort Studies
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Follow-Up Studies
Gold
Humans
Male
Mining
Occupational Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology - mortality
Ontario - epidemiology
Powders
Prevalence
Sampling Studies
Silicosis - prevention & control
Time Factors
Uranium
Abstract
'McIntyre Powder' (finely ground aluminium and aluminium oxide) was used as a prophylactic agent against silicotic lung disease between 1944 and 1979 in mines in northern Ontario. To find out whether the practice produced neurotoxic effects a morbidity prevalence study was conducted between 1988 and 1989. There were no significant differences between exposed and non-exposed miners in reported diagnoses of neurological disorder; however, exposed miners performed less well than did unexposed workers on cognitive state examinations; also, the proportion of men with scores in the impaired range was greater in the exposed than non-exposed group. Likelihood of scores in the impaired range increased with duration of exposure. The findings are consistent with putative neurotoxicity of chronic aluminium exposure.
PubMed ID
1978033 View in PubMed
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33 records – page 1 of 4.