Lipid and antioxidant state of clinically normal subjects working in deep mines was studied under natural conditions during one month. Disorders in lipid metabolism and intensified peroxidation were recorded in these subjects. A prophylactic ration has been recommended considering the food status, alimentary risk factors and extreme conditions of miners' labour.
It has been demonstrated that the total content of food fibers in the daily diet of the Donbas population diets amounts to 24.0-26.3 g (cellulose 5.9-6.7 g, pectin 2.0-2.7 g, hemicellulose 16.1-16.9 g). Baked goods account for the major part of hemicellulose (about 85%) and 1/3 of cellulose. Potato and vegetables (fruit) account for half of pectin and 1/3 of cellulose. The daily requirement of cellulose and pectin was satisfied by about 1/3, which is accounted for by a high relative significance of refined products (about 60% of the diet caloric value).
A time course study of energy balance was conducted in miners working in deep coal mines under a strict control of their nutrition using the method of estimating the energy value of food received and body mass. It has been established that mean daily energy requirement of a "standard" miner (body mass--70 kg, age--25-35 years) comprises 16529.7 kJ (3950.7 kcal) under conditions of fulfillment of the standard output, 6-hour working day, 2 days off.
Providing with ascorbic acid, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and niacin was studied in miners at deep levels before and after intake of correcting doses of vitamins. Enrichment of the food ration with vitamins produced a positive effect on the working capacity of the miners under study. The levels of vitamin consumption (vitamin-energy coefficients) have been estimated correcting the vitamin balance in miners working at deep levels.
Pulsimetry proved to be the most acceptable method for estimating energy requirements of miners working under extreme conditions with constantly changing ergometric parameters. It has been established that the mean daily energy requirements of miners working in deep coal mines under conditions of high temperature comprise 3500 kcal. Energy requirements for the main types of the physical activity of workers in deep mines have been calculated, basing on basal metabolism, metabolic constants for varying activities have been determined.