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Four cases of mesothelioma among Finnish anthophyllite miners.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature218702
Source
Occup Environ Med. 1994 Mar;51(3):212-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1994
Author
A. Karjalainen
L O Meurman
E. Pukkala
Author Affiliation
Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Occup Environ Med. 1994 Mar;51(3):212-5
Date
Mar-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Asbestos, Amphibole - adverse effects
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Mesothelioma - etiology - mortality
Middle Aged
Mining
Occupational Diseases - etiology - mortality
Occupational Exposure
Time Factors
Abstract
Four cases of mesothelioma in a cohort of 999 Finnish anthophyllite miners and millers are described. Three deaths were due to pleural mesothelioma and one to peritoneal mesothelioma among the total of 503 male deaths up to 1991. All four patients with mesothelioma had had long term (13 to 31 years) exposure in anthophyllite mining and milling. The latency time from the onset of employment until diagnosis was 39 to 58 years. All four patients were smokers or ex-smokers and had asbestosis. In three of the cases the pulmonary fibre concentration and fibre type were analysed by transmission electron microscopy. High concentrations (270 to 1100 million fibres/g dry tissue) of anthophyllite fibres were detected. The anthophyllite fibres were thicker and had lower aspect ratios than the values reported for crocidolite fibres retained in the lungs of patients with mesothelioma.
Notes
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PubMed ID
8130852 View in PubMed
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Incidence of cancer among anthophyllite asbestos miners in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature218071
Source
Occup Environ Med. 1994 Jun;51(6):421-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1994
Author
L O Meurman
E. Pukkala
M. Hakama
Author Affiliation
University of Turku, Department of Pathology, Finland.
Source
Occup Environ Med. 1994 Jun;51(6):421-5
Date
Jun-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Asbestos, Amphibole - adverse effects
Chi-Square Distribution
Cohort Studies
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Male
Mining
Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure
Risk factors
Abstract
A cohort of 736 male and 167 female workers of two anthophyllite mines in Finland was followed up through the Finnish Cancer Registry for cancer in 1953-91. Compared with the total cancer incidence of the east Finnish population, the men had a raised risk of total cancer (standardised incidence ratio (SIR) 1.7; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.4-1.9), mainly attributable to an excess in lung cancer (SIR 2.8; 95% CI 2.2-3.6). The risk of lung cancer was somewhat higher among workers classified as heavily exposed (SIR 3.2; 95% CI 2.4-4.1) than among those moderately exposed (SIR 2.3; 95% CI 1.5-3.6) and the risk increased with increasing smoking and with increasing time of work with exposure. There were four cases of mesothelioma v 0.1 expected, all in men who smoked and had had a long and heavy asbestos exposure. Among women, a non-significant excess in total cancer (SIR 1.5; 95% CI 0.9-2.4) was found in the subgroup with heavy exposure to asbestos. Anthophyllite asbestos seems to have high potency in the carcinogenesis of lung cancer and low potency in carcinogenesis of mesothelioma in comparison with the other types of asbestos.
Notes
Cites: Br J Cancer. 1974 Mar;29(3):252-694364384
Cites: Occup Environ Med. 1994 Mar;51(3):212-58130852
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Cites: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1979;330:491-5294199
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Cites: Am J Ind Med. 1992;21(2):155-621311147
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Cites: Br J Ind Med. 1993 Jan;50(1):85-98431397
Cites: Br J Ind Med. 1974 Apr;31(2):105-124830762
PubMed ID
8044235 View in PubMed
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Mortality and morbidity among the working population of anthophyllite asbestos miners in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature253574
Source
Br J Ind Med. 1974 Apr;31(2):105-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1974
Author
L O Meurman
R. Kiviluoto
M. Hakama
Source
Br J Ind Med. 1974 Apr;31(2):105-12
Date
Apr-1974
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Asbestos
Asbestosis - epidemiology
Cough - epidemiology
Dyspnea - epidemiology
Finland
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms - epidemiology
Humans
Lung Neoplasms - epidemiology
Male
Mesothelioma - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Mining
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - mortality
Smoking - epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - epidemiology
Notes
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PubMed ID
4830762 View in PubMed
Less detail