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Annual meeting, The European Society for Paediatric Research and the Working Group on Mineral Metabolism, Turku, Finland, June 25--29, 1978. Abstracts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature247944
Source
Pediatr Res. 1979 Jan;13(1):71-87
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
Jan-1979

Bone mineral and vitamin D in Aleutian Islanders.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1626
Source
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1985 Jul; 42(1):143-146.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1985
Author
R B Mazess
H S Barden
C. Christiansen
A B Harper
W S Laughlin
Author Affiliation
University of Wisconsin
Source
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1985 Jul; 42(1):143-146.
Date
1985
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
St. Paul
Vitamin D metabolites
Calcium
Bone mineral content
Osteoporosis
Diet, traditional
Vitamin D - blood
Sex Factors
Osteoporosis - epidemiology
Adult
Aged
Minerals - metabolism
Bone and Bones - metabolism
Middle Aged
Male
Female
Abstract
Serum concentrations of vitamin D metabolites (chromatography) and bone mineral status (125I absorptiometry) were examined in a group of Aleutian Islanders age 40-75 from St Paul Island, Alaska. Based on 25-(OH)D (16.6 ng/ml) vitamin D status appeared adequate. However, high concentrations of 1,25-(OH)2D (44.3 pg/ml) and very low concentrations of 24,25-(OH)2D3 (0.6 ng/ml) were found. Among females, low bone mineral levels were associated with high concentrations of 1,25-(OH)2D. A low calcium intake in these Aleutians may be responsible for high concentrations of 1,25-(OH)2D and resorption of calcium from bone.
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 973.
PubMed ID
4014063 View in PubMed
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Bone mineral content, gender, body posture, and build in relation to back pain in middle age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38123
Source
Spine. 1989 Jun;14(6):577-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1989
Author
H. Bergenudd
B. Nilsson
A. Udén
S. Willner
Author Affiliation
Department of Orthopaedics, Malmö General Hospital, Lund University, Sweden.
Source
Spine. 1989 Jun;14(6):577-9
Date
Jun-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Back Pain - metabolism - physiopathology
Body Height
Body Weight
Bone and Bones - metabolism
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Minerals - metabolism
Posture
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sex Characteristics
Abstract
In 575 55-year-old residents of Malmö, Sweden, the authors studied the interrelationships between back pain and bone mineral content, degree of kyphosis and lordosis, height, and weight, and in women also the age of menarche and menopause, and number of childbirths. Men with back pain tended to be heavier than those without back pain. Back pain was not related to body height nor to degree of kyphosis or lordosis. In women, a positive correlation was found between the degree of kyphosis and lordosis and body weight. Body height in women also was correlated to degree of kyphosis, but not to the degree of lordosis. In men, the authors found no such relationships. Bone mineral content was not related to the occurrence of back pain but to body height and weight in men and in women. Back pain in women was not related to the age at menarche or menopause, nor to the number of children to whom they had given birth.
PubMed ID
2526375 View in PubMed
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Changes in bone mineral content of the axial skeleton in relation to aging and the menopause. Results from a longitudinal population study of women in Gothenburg, Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature241857
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1983 Jun;43(4):333-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1983
Author
O. Lindquist
C. Bengtsson
T. Hansson
R. Jonsson
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1983 Jun;43(4):333-8
Date
Jun-1983
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aging
Bone and Bones - metabolism
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Menopause
Middle Aged
Minerals - metabolism
Sweden
Abstract
Patterns of bone loss in the axial skeleton have been studied in a sample of Swedish women participating in a longitudinal population study which was started in 1968. In 1976, the mineral content of the lumbar spine (predominantly trabecular bone) was measured in vivo in 130 women by dual photon absorptiometry. Premenopausal or recently postmenopausal women were compared with women of identical age who had been postmenopausal for a long time. The first group was found to have significantly higher values of bone mineral content. Five years later, in 1981, the same women were re-examined with identical techniques. A slight decrease in bone mineral content with age was found in postmenopausal women. The findings were mostly in agreement with those of the first cross-sectional study, with bigger differences in bone mineral content between women of different menstrual status than between women of different age. In addition, the lower values in women with early menopause compared to those with late menopause remained in spite of increasing age.
PubMed ID
6635539 View in PubMed
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Concentrations of inorganic elements in 20 municipal waters in Sweden before and after treatment--links to human health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature82503
Source
Environ Geochem Health. 2006 Jun;28(3):215-29
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2006
Author
Rosborg I.
Nihlgård B.
Gerhardsson L.
Sverdrup H.
Author Affiliation
Institute of Chemical Engineering, Lund University, SE-223 62, Lund, Sweden. rosborg@spray.se
Source
Environ Geochem Health. 2006 Jun;28(3):215-29
Date
Jun-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Gastrointestinal Tract - metabolism
Humans
Inorganic Chemicals - analysis
Minerals - metabolism
Seasons
Sensitivity and specificity
Sweden
Water Supply - analysis
Abstract
The water chemistry of 20 municipal water treatment plants in southern Sweden, representing various bedrock situations, and water qualities, were investigated. Four water samples, raw and treated, were collected from each plant and analyzed by predominantly ICP-OES and ICP-MS at four occasions from June to December, 2001. The concentrations of Ca, Mg, K, Na, HCO(3) and a number of micronutrients, varied considerably in treated waters from the studied plants (ranges; Ca: 9.1-53.7 mg L(-1), Mg: 1.4-10.9 mg L(-1), K: 1.1-4.8 mg L(-1), Na; 5.4-75.6 mg L(-1), HCO(3): 27-217 mg L(-1)). The elimination of Fe and Mn from raw water was efficient in all treatments investigated, giving concentrations in treated waters below the detection limits at some plants. Softening filters gave waters with Ca-concentrations comparable to the softest waters in this study. Adjustment of pH by use of chemicals like lye, soda or lime, modified the consumer water composition significantly, besides raising the pH. It was estimated that drinking water contributed to approximately 2.2-13% of the daily Ca uptake, if the gastrointestinal uptake efficiency from food and water was estimated to be around 50%. The corresponding figures for Mg was 1.0-7% and for F 0-59%. None of the studied elements showed any significant time trends in raw or treated waters during the follow-up period. The concentrations of potentially toxic metals such as Al, Pb and U were low and did not indicate risks for adverse health effects (ranges; Al: 0.5-2.3 microg L(-1), Pb: 0-0.3 microg L(-1), U: 0.2.5 microg L(-1)).
PubMed ID
16607567 View in PubMed
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Dialysate calcium concentration and mineral metabolism in long and long-frequent hemodialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis for a Canadian Society of Nephrology clinical practice guideline.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature114688
Source
Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 Jul;62(1):97-111
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2013
Author
Deborah L Zimmerman
Gihad E Nesrallah
Christopher T Chan
Michael Copland
Paul Komenda
Philip A McFarlane
Azim Gangji
Robert Lindsay
Jennifer MacRae
Robert P Pauly
David N Perkins
Andreas Pierratos
Jean-Philippe Rioux
Andrew Steele
Rita S Suri
Reem A Mustafa
Author Affiliation
Division of Nephrology, Kidney Research Centre of the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Division of Nephrology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. dzimmerman@ottawahospital.on.ca
Source
Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 Jul;62(1):97-111
Date
Jul-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Calcium - chemistry - metabolism
Canada
Hemodialysis Solutions - chemistry - metabolism - standards
Humans
Minerals - metabolism
Nephrology - methods - standards
Practice Guidelines as Topic - standards
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic - methods - standards
Renal Dialysis - methods - standards
Societies, Medical - standards
Time Factors
Abstract
Patients treated with conventional hemodialysis (HD) develop disorders of mineral metabolism that are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. More frequent and longer HD has been associated with improvement in hyperphosphatemia that may improve outcomes.
Systematic review and meta-analysis to inform the clinical practice guideline on intensive dialysis for the Canadian Society of Nephrology.
Adult patients receiving outpatient long (=5.5 hours/session; 3-4 times per week) or long-frequent (=5.5 hours/session, =5 sessions per week) HD.
We included clinical trials, cohort studies, case series, case reports, and systematic reviews.
Dialysate calcium concentration =1.5 mmol/L and/or phosphate additive.
Fragility fracture, peripheral arterial and coronary artery disease, calcific uremic arteriolopathy, mortality, intradialytic hypotension, parathyroidectomy, extraosseous calcification, markers of mineral metabolism, diet liberalization, phosphate-binder use, and muscle mass.
21 studies were identified: 2 randomized controlled trials, 2 reanalyses of data from the randomized controlled trials, and 17 observational studies. Dialysate calcium concentration =1.5 mmol/L for patients treated with long and long-frequent HD prevents an increase in parathyroid hormone levels and a decline in bone mineral density without causing harm. Both long and long-frequent HD were associated with a reduction in serum phosphate level of 0.42-0.45 mmol/L and a reduction in phosphate-binder use. There was no direct evidence to support the use of a dialysate phosphate additive.
Almost all the available information is related to changes in laboratory values and surrogate outcomes.
Dialysate calcium concentration =1.5 mmol/L for most patients treated with long and long-frequent dialysis prevents an increase in parathyroid hormone levels and decline in bone mineral density without increased risk of calcification. It seems prudent to add phosphate to the dialysate for patients with a low predialysis phosphate level or very low postdialysis phosphate level until more evidence becomes available.
Notes
Comment In: Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 Nov;62(5):1018-924157274
Comment In: Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 Nov;62(5):1019-2024157276
PubMed ID
23591289 View in PubMed
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[Effectiveness of taking prophylactic nutritional measures at Soviet stations in Antarctica]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature62533
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1975 Jan-Feb;(1):6-10
Publication Type
Article
Author
V F Garshenin
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1975 Jan-Feb;(1):6-10
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antarctic Regions
Ascorbic Acid - blood
Cold Climate
Diet
English Abstract
Humans
Minerals - metabolism
Nutrition
Seasons
USSR
Urine - analysis
Vitamins - metabolism
Abstract
A protracted consumption of little-mineralized water, as well as deficiency of calcium salts in the food result in a change of a number of indicators on the level of the water and salt and mineral metabolism in the organism of polar explorers, this manifesting itself in a reduced content of calcium salts in the blood and urine, in a change of the bleeding and blood coagulation time, of diuresis and water intake, acid-base equilibrium and of specific weight of the urine. All these changes occur also against the background of an insufficient supply of a complex set of vitamins into the organism, this being due to the fact that the foodstuffs are delivered to the station but once a year, stored for a long time and then subjected to sulinary treatment. An additional active vitaminzation with increased doses of vitamins and mineralization of the food right from the first days of sojourn at the station made it possible to eliminate all the undesirable consequences and to narrow the range of the acclimatization shifts in the body of polar explorers exposed to extremely unfavourable conditions prevailing in the Antarctic.
PubMed ID
1210187 View in PubMed
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29 records – page 1 of 3.