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1039 records – page 1 of 104.

[75th anniversary of the koumiss therapy health resort Shafranovo].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature110932
Source
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1968 Jan;33(1):101-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1968
Author
A G Shamaev
Source
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1968 Jan;33(1):101-2
Date
Jan-1968
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Health Resorts - history
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Milk
Russia
PubMed ID
4246713 View in PubMed
Less detail

Absorption of polychlorinated biphenyls, dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans by breast-fed infants.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature59296
Source
Chemosphere. 1995 Jun;30(12):2297-306
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1995
Author
P. Dahl
G. Lindström
K. Wiberg
C. Rappe
Author Affiliation
Institute of Environmental Chemistry, University of Umeå, Sweden.
Source
Chemosphere. 1995 Jun;30(12):2297-306
Date
Jun-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absorption
Benzofurans - metabolism
Body Burden
Breast Feeding
Comparative Study
Feces - chemistry
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Mass Fragmentography
Milk, human - chemistry
Polychlorinated Biphenyls - metabolism
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk assessment
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin - analogs & derivatives - metabolism
Abstract
The absorption of polychlorinated biphenyls, dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans was studied in four breast-fed infants. The absorption was measured by comparing the estimated total intake and the excretion in faeces, during 48 hours, at three different time points; 1, 2 and 3 months post parta. The levels of the analysed compounds in the human milk are typical for Sweden, i.e approximately 20 ppt toxic equivalents for the dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans and for the polychlorinated biphenyls approximately 16 ppt toxic equivalents. For most of the congeners the absorption is found to be over 95%. Higher excretion is noticed for heptachlorinated and octachlorinated dioxins.
PubMed ID
7620852 View in PubMed
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Acceptability of fluoride use in Finnish municipalities.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239618
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1985;13(3):109-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
1985
Author
H. Tuutti
E. Honkala
J. Laurinkari
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1985;13(3):109-12
Date
1985
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Attitude to Health
Finland
Fluoridation
Health Surveys
Humans
Milk
Mouthwashes
Public Opinion
Sodium Chloride
Toothpastes
Water supply
Abstract
The aim of this study was, firstly, to determine what methods of delivering fluorides might be acceptable to Finnish municipalities and, secondly, to investigate which characteristics of the municipalities best explain the variation in acceptability of fluorides. A sample, composed of 46 Finnish municipalities and representing the communes according to number of inhabitants was drawn and a mail survey sent to decision-makers (n = 1922). In this survey we assessed the characteristics of each commune and its decision-makers and asked how acceptable various methods of fluoride delivery were. The acceptability of the various methods was: toothpaste 95%, gels and varnishes 81%, rinses 63%, salt 48%, piped water 33%, and milk 11%. In industrialized communes these methods of delivery were usually slightly better accepted than in non-industrialized areas. Acceptability of fluorides seemed to differ in the various regions of Finland, Uusimaa region being the most liberal towards use of fluorides. Members of the labour parties seemed to accept piped water containing fluoride and fluoridated milk significantly more often than did conservatives. Among decision-makers, the various methods of delivery were best accepted by dentists, physicians and members of health councils.
PubMed ID
3839595 View in PubMed
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The accuracy of Genomic Selection in Norwegian red cattle assessed by cross-validation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature98928
Source
Genetics. 2009 Nov;183(3):1119-26
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2009
Author
Tu Luan
John A Woolliams
Sigbjørn Lien
Matthew Kent
Morten Svendsen
Theo H E Meuwissen
Author Affiliation
Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Box 5003, N-1432 As, Norway. tu.luan@umb.no
Source
Genetics. 2009 Nov;183(3):1119-26
Date
Nov-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Algorithms
Animal Husbandry - methods
Animals
Bayes Theorem
Breeding - methods
Cattle - genetics - metabolism
Female
Genome - genetics
Genome-Wide Association Study
Genotype
Male
Milk - metabolism - standards
Norway
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide - genetics
Quantitative Trait Loci - genetics
Reproducibility of Results
Selection, Genetic
Abstract
Genomic Selection (GS) is a newly developed tool for the estimation of breeding values for quantitative traits through the use of dense markers covering the whole genome. For a successful application of GS, accuracy of the prediction of genomewide breeding value (GW-EBV) is a key issue to consider. Here we investigated the accuracy and possible bias of GW-EBV prediction, using real bovine SNP genotyping (18,991 SNPs) and phenotypic data of 500 Norwegian Red bulls. The study was performed on milk yield, fat yield, protein yield, first lactation mastitis traits, and calving ease. Three methods, best linear unbiased prediction (G-BLUP), Bayesian statistics (BayesB), and a mixture model approach (MIXTURE), were used to estimate marker effects, and their accuracy and bias were estimated by using cross-validation. The accuracies of the GW-EBV prediction were found to vary widely between 0.12 and 0.62. G-BLUP gave overall the highest accuracy. We observed a strong relationship between the accuracy of the prediction and the heritability of the trait. GW-EBV prediction for production traits with high heritability achieved higher accuracy and also lower bias than health traits with low heritability. To achieve a similar accuracy for the health traits probably more records will be needed.
PubMed ID
19704013 View in PubMed
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Acne and dairy products in adolescence: results from a Norwegian longitudinal study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286570
Source
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Mar;31(3):530-535
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2017
Author
M. Ulvestad
E. Bjertness
F. Dalgard
J A Halvorsen
Source
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Mar;31(3):530-535
Date
Mar-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acne Vulgaris - epidemiology
Adolescent
Animals
Dairy Products
Diet
Dietary Fats - analysis
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Milk - chemistry
Norway - epidemiology
Prevalence
Self Report
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
Acne is a very common skin condition, and it is of great interest to elucidate lifestyle factors that may contribute to its occurrence. In the last decade, the acne-diet connection has been brought back to credibility.
To examine whether high intakes of dairy products in early adolescence is associated with moderate to severe acne in later adolescence.
The study is a longitudinal, questionnaire-based population study of Norwegian adolescents. Students attending the 10th grade (15-16 years old) of compulsory schooling in Oslo in 2000-2001 and the 13th grade (18-19 years old) 3 years later, in 2004, were invited. Dairy product consumption was self-reported at age 15-16 and acne severity was self-assessed and reported at age 18-19.
The overall prevalence of moderate to severe acne was 13.9%. High intakes (=2 glasses per day) of full-fat dairy products were associated with moderate to severe acne. In boys with exclusively high intakes of full-fat dairy products, the odds ratio for acne was 4.81 (1.59-14.56). A high total intake of dairy products was associated with acne in girls (OR 1.80, 1.02-3.16). No significant associations were found between acne and intake of semi-skimmed or skimmed dairy products, and not with moderate intakes of any fat variety of dairy products.
This study shows association between high intakes of dairy products and acne in adolescence. Our findings support a hypothesis suggesting that dairy consumption may be a factor contributing to acne. The study is based on multiple hypothesis testing, and the methodological limitations must be considered when interpreting the results.
PubMed ID
27422392 View in PubMed
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The acrylamide intake via some common baby food for children in Sweden during their first year of life--an improved method for analysis of acrylamide.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature29785
Source
Food Chem Toxicol. 2005 Jun;43(6):951-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2005
Author
P. Fohgelberg
J. Rosén
K-E Hellenäs
L. Abramsson-Zetterberg
Author Affiliation
National Food Administration, Toxicology Division, Box 622, 75126 Uppsala, Sweden.
Source
Food Chem Toxicol. 2005 Jun;43(6):951-9
Date
Jun-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acrylamide - administration & dosage - analysis
Animals
Chromatography, Liquid
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Food - analysis
Infant, Newborn
Milk - chemistry
Milk, human - chemistry
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Spectrum Analysis, Mass
Sweden
Abstract
The acrylamide levels in breast milk and the main categories of Swedish baby food products, i.e. breast milk substitute (infant formula), gruel, porridge and canned baby food, have been analysed. Furthermore, the acrylamide intake from these products by children up to one year of age has been estimated. Other kind of foods e.g. biscuits, are not included. Because of the expected low concentrations of acrylamide, a new sample extraction method for detection by liquid chromatography, tandem mass spectrometry, was developed and validated. The lower limit of quantification was 0.5 microg kg(-1) for liquid samples and 2 microg kg(-1) for other samples. The average levels found for gruel, porridge and canned baby food, all ready to eat, were 1.4, 26, and 7.8 microg/kg respectively. We found great variations in the acrylamide levels between and in different food categories,
PubMed ID
15811575 View in PubMed
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Aetiology of peptic ulcer: a prospective population study in Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11578
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1994 Apr;48(2):156-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1994
Author
R. Johnsen
O H Førde
B. Straume
P G Burhol
Author Affiliation
Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Norway.
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1994 Apr;48(2):156-60
Date
Apr-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Animals
Duodenal Ulcer - etiology - genetics
Educational Status
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Milk - adverse effects
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Tract Infections - complications
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Smoking - adverse effects
Stomach Ulcer - etiology - genetics
Abstract
STUDY OBJECTIVE--To analyse simultaneously the effect of several risk factors for peptic ulcer. DESIGN--Cohort study where all patients with new or incident peptic ulcers in a well defined population were registered for a seven year period. The follow up started with a comprehensive health survey including a questionnaire on diet, lifestyle, psychological and social conditions, and health. Relative risks, both sex specific and separate, for gastric and duodenal ulcers were estimated from proportional hazard regression analysis. SETTING--A population based survey conducted in the municipality of Tromsø, northern Norway. PARTICIPANTS--In 1980, a total of 21,440 men and women, aged 20 to 54 years and 20 to 49 years respectively, were invited to participate. A total of 14,667 people attended and returned the questionnaire. MAIN RESULTS--A total of 328 people had their first peptic ulcer in the follow up period. Age, cigarette smoking, first degree relatives with peptic ulcer, and low educational level were shared risk factors for peptic ulcer in both men and women. In men, frequent upper respiratory infections increased the risk of gastric ulcer and drinking a great deal of milk increased the risk of duodenal ulcer. None of the other dietary variables, including coffee and alcohol consumption, contributed significantly to the risk. Use of analgesics was not a risk factor, and none of the psychological indicators analysed carried any significant risk. CONCLUSIONS--Age, inheritance, and cigarette smoking are all important risk factors for peptic ulcer. The increased risk associated with low educational background indicate that social strains, comprising lifestyle and diet habits, are part of the multifactorial aetiology of peptic ulcer. No support was found for the assumption that peptic ulcer disease is a psychosomatic disorder. This study did not support the view that duodenal and gastric ulcers have different aetiologies-rather it showed a similarity in risk patterns.
Notes
Comment In: J Epidemiol Community Health. 1995 Apr;49(2):2247798055
PubMed ID
8189170 View in PubMed
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Aiming to be a breastfeeding mother in a neonatal intensive care unit and at home: a thematic analysis of peer-support group discussion in social media.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature275111
Source
Matern Child Nutr. 2015 Oct;11(4):712-26
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2015
Author
Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén
Anna Axelin
Hanna-Leena Melender
Sanna Salanterä
Source
Matern Child Nutr. 2015 Oct;11(4):712-26
Date
Oct-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Breast Feeding - psychology
Female
Finland
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Middle Aged
Milk, Human
Mothers - psychology
Peer Group
Social Media
Social Support
Young Adult
Abstract
Preterm infants are usually breastfed less than full-term infants, and successful breastfeeding requires a supportive environment and special efforts from their mothers. A breastfeeding peer-support group, utilising social media, was developed for these mothers in order to support them in this challenge. Mothers were able to discuss breastfeeding and share experiences. The purpose of this study was to describe the perceptions of breastfeeding mothers of preterm infants based on the postings in peer-support group discussions in social media. The actively participating mothers (n?=?22) had given birth
PubMed ID
24521232 View in PubMed
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1039 records – page 1 of 104.