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241 records – page 1 of 25.

[A combined lesion of the digestive organs and chronic inflammatory diseases of the large intestine]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature20919
Source
Lik Sprava. 1999 Mar;(2):74-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1999
Author
S I Skliar
A I Denisiuk
N A Moskvichev
L I Prusskaia
S N Kirilko
A R Sapozhnikov
Source
Lik Sprava. 1999 Mar;(2):74-7
Date
Mar-1999
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Cause of Death
Chronic Disease
Colitis - mortality - pathology
Colonic Neoplasms - mortality - pathology
Comparative Study
Digestive System Diseases - mortality - pathology
English Abstract
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Military Personnel - statistics & numerical data
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
An analysis was carried out of 222 medical records and autopsies from patients with inflammatory diseases of the large intestine, the immediate causes of death of whom were different disorders. The incidence of hepatitis running an active course correlated with age of patients and came up to 58.8% in the group of subjects 20 to 40 years old. In age group running between 40 to 60 and 60 to 80 years there prevailed colorectal carcinoma (18.3% and 42.5% respectively).
PubMed ID
10424048 View in PubMed
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Adherence to lipid-lowering drug therapy among members of the Canadian Forces.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155689
Source
Mil Med. 2008 Jul;173(7):666-70
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2008
Author
Janice Ma
Régis Vaillancourt
Carol Bennett
Author Affiliation
Directorate of Medical Policy, Pharmacy Policies and Standards, National Defence Medical Centre Building, 2nd Floor, 1745 Alta Vista Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0K6, Canada.
Source
Mil Med. 2008 Jul;173(7):666-70
Date
Jul-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Canada
Databases as Topic
Female
Humans
Hyperlipidemias - drug therapy
Hypolipidemic Agents - therapeutic use
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Military Medicine
Military Personnel - statistics & numerical data
Ontario
Patient Compliance - statistics & numerical data
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Abstract
This study was performed to quantify adherence rates to lipid-lowering drug therapy among members of the Canadian Forces (CF) and to identify factors associated with nonadherence.
Pharmacy claims were reviewed for all CF members who received a lipid-lowering drug between April 1 and June 1, 2003. Subjects were categorized as adherent if records indicated consumption of at least 80% of prescribed doses. Logistic regression was performed to assess the impact of patient and drug characteristics upon adherence.
Overall adherence rate at 1 year was 38.5% among all users of lipid-lowering medications. Adherence did not vary among the different classes of lipid-lowering drugs. Duration of service was the only independent predictor of adherence.
Despite a relative lack of treatment barriers and the presence of established treatment programs in the CF health care system, long-term adherence with lipid-lowering medications remains suboptimal in this population.
Notes
Comment In: Mil Med. 2008 Jul;173(7):iii18700588
PubMed ID
18700601 View in PubMed
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[Adolescent health status and the medical problems of recruiting for the Armed Forces of Ukraine]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature75095
Source
Lik Sprava. 1995 Jul-Aug;(7-8):7-8
Publication Type
Article

Adult body height of twins compared with that of singletons: a register-based birth cohort study of Norwegian males.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature115100
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 2013 May 1;177(9):1015-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1-2013
Author
Willy Eriksen
Jon M Sundet
Kristian Tambs
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 2013 May 1;177(9):1015-9
Date
May-1-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Birth Certificates
Body Height - genetics
Cohort Studies
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Military Personnel - statistics & numerical data
Norway
Regression Analysis
Siblings
Twins
Young Adult
Abstract
In the present study, we evaluated whether childhood differences in body height between singletons and twins persist into adulthood. Data from the Medical Birth Register of Norway were linked with data from the Norwegian National Conscript Service. This study used data on the 457,999 males who were born alive and without physical anomalies in single or twin births in Norway during 1967-1984 and who were examined at the mandatory military conscription (age 18-20 years; 1985-2003). For sibling comparisons, the authors selected the 1,721 sibships of full brothers that included at least 1 male born in a single birth and at least 1 male born in a twin birth (4,520 persons, including 2,493 twins and 2,027 singletons). An analysis of the total study population using generalized estimating equations showed that the twins were 0.6 cm (95% confidence interval: 0.4, 0.7) shorter than were the singletons after adjustment for a series of background factors. The fixed-effects regression analysis of the sibships that included both twins and singletons showed that the twins were 0.9 cm (95% confidence interval: 0.6, 1.2) shorter than were their singleton brothers. The study suggests that male twins born in Norway during 1967-1984 were slightly shorter in early adulthood than were singletons.
PubMed ID
23543161 View in PubMed
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[A hygienic analysis of the irradiation doses of those cleaning up the aftermath of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station (based on data from the All-Army Registry)]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature75102
Source
Voen Med Zh. 1995 Mar;(3):58-63, 80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1995
Author
I I Shantyr'
I K Romanovich
N V Makarova
L N Deriapa
E B Saigina
Source
Voen Med Zh. 1995 Mar;(3):58-63, 80
Date
Mar-1995
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation - statistics & numerical data
Adolescent
Adult
English Abstract
Health Physics - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Military Personnel - statistics & numerical data
Occupational Exposure - statistics & numerical data
Power Plants - statistics & numerical data
Radiation Dosage
Registries - statistics & numerical data
Russia
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
In the result of the analysis of irradiation doses of 36,895 servicemen who have participated in liquidation of the Chernobyl APC disaster consequences it was found out that the average radiation dose was 12.1 cSv in 1986, 8.4 cSv in 1987, and in 1988-90 it didn't exceed 5 cSv. The irradiation received by these servicemen has depended on the time of their arrival to the zone of the disaster, the maximum permissible doses of radiation established at that period, the character of their activities and the place of their work, utilization of protection means. A conclusion was made that irradiation dose itself could be considered only as a general guide reference, because it didn't take into consideration internal irradiation and beta-irradiation of skin. That's why it is necessary to continue the further monitoring over the health status of liquidators independently of the doses of irradiation which were fixed in their histories.
PubMed ID
7483371 View in PubMed
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Alcoholism in social classes and occupations in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11036
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 1997 Jun;26(3):584-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1997
Author
T. Hemmingsson
I. Lundberg
A. Romelsjö
L. Alfredsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational Health, NVSO, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 1997 Jun;26(3):584-91
Date
Jun-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Databases, Factual
Employment - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic - epidemiology
Male
Military Personnel - statistics & numerical data
Occupations - classification - statistics & numerical data
Odds Ratio
Registries
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retrospective Studies
Social Class
Sweden - epidemiology
Twins - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have shown variations in the occurrence of alcoholism between different socioeconomic groups and occupations, but it has not been clear to what extent this is related to the average alcohol consumption in the same socioeconomic groups or occupations. METHODS: The relationship between socioeconomic group and occupation and hospital discharge 1981-1983 due to 'diagnoses related to alcoholism' (AD) (alcohol psychosis, alcoholism, and alcohol intoxication) and liver cirrhosis was studied in a cohort of 375,035 men and 140,139 women in 13 counties in Sweden who had reported the same occupation in the censuses of 1960 and 1970. Data on alcohol consumption in different socioeconomic groups and occupations were collected from a conscription investigation and from the Swedish twin registry with data from 1969/70 and 1973 respectively. RESULTS: Intermediate or higher non-manual employees had lower risk of AD as well as of liver cirrhosis compared to manual workers for both sexes. Among males several, mostly blue-collar, occupations had increased relative risks of AD. A high level of association was found between the relative risks of AD and liver cirrhosis in socioeconomic groups, and the relative risk of AD in occupations, and the average alcohol consumption in the same socioeconomic groups/occupations among males. Such an association was not evident among women. CONCLUSION: The study shows, contrary to previous Swedish evidence, that there is a strong relationship between the incidence of alcoholism in socioeconomic groups and occupations and the average alcohol consumption in these groups among men.
PubMed ID
9222784 View in PubMed
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Alcohol, social factors and mortality among young men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature12014
Source
Br J Addict. 1991 Jul;86(7):877-87
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1991
Author
S. Andréasson
A. Romelsjö
P. Allebeck
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.
Source
Br J Addict. 1991 Jul;86(7):877-87
Date
Jul-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Alcoholism - mortality
Cause of Death
Cohort Studies
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Military Personnel - statistics & numerical data
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
In a 20-year follow-up the association between alcohol consumption, social and personal background factors and mortality was studied in a cohort of 49,464 Swedish conscripts. The relative risk of death among high consumers (those consuming more than 250 g alcohol/week at conscription) was 2.8 (95% confidence interval 2.2-3.7) compared with moderate consumers (1-100 g/week). Deaths caused by direct toxic effects of alcohol were few, less than 5%. Instead suicides and accidents predominated. Abstainers had a slightly lower mortality than moderate consumers, with a relative risk of 0.8 (0.6-1.1), due to a significantly lower risk for traffic deaths. High consumers of alcohol had more than twice as many social and personal risk factors for premature death compared with the cohort as a whole. Yet presence of social risk factors added little to the already increased relative risk of death among high consumers.
PubMed ID
1912740 View in PubMed
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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and the Military: A Population-based Study in the Danish Registries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279204
Source
Epidemiology. 2016 Mar;27(2):188-93
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2016
Author
Ryan M Seals
Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou
Johnni Hansen
Ole Gredal
Marc G Weisskopf
Source
Epidemiology. 2016 Mar;27(2):188-93
Date
Mar-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis - epidemiology
Case-Control Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Employment
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Military Personnel - statistics & numerical data
Occupational Exposure - statistics & numerical data
Odds Ratio
Registries
Risk factors
Abstract
Prior studies have suggested that military service may be associated with the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We conducted a population-based case-control study in Denmark to assess whether occupation in the Danish military is associated with an increased risk of developing ALS.
There were 3,650 incident cases of ALS recorded in the Danish National Patient Registry between 1982 and 2009. Each case was matched to 100 age- and sex-matched population controls alive and free of ALS on the date of the case diagnosis. Comprehensive occupational history was obtained from the Danish Pension Fund database, which began in 1964.
2.4% (n = 8,922) of controls had a history of employment in the military before the index date. Military employees overall had an elevated rate of ALS (odds ratio [OR] = 1.3; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1, 1.6). A 10-year increase in years employed by the military was associated with an OR of 1.2 (95% CI: 1.0, 1.4), and all quartiles of time employed were elevated. There was little suggestion of a pattern across calendar year of first employment, but there was some evidence that increasing age at first employment was associated with increased ALS rates. Rates were highest in the decade immediately following the end of employment (OR = 1.6; 95% CI: 1.2, 2.2).
In this large population-based case-control study, employment by the military is associated with increased rates of ALS. These findings are consistent with earlier findings that military service or employment may entail exposure to risk factors for ALS.
PubMed ID
26583610 View in PubMed
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241 records – page 1 of 25.