Injuries of the musculoskeletal system are at 60% of all battlefield injures and take first place in modern military conflicts. The main antishock measures are: pain management, emergency bleeding control, bone fragment positioning and fracture fixation. Specialist of the centre of traumatology and orthopaedics of the Burdenko General Military Clinical Hospital in cooperation with specialists of department of battlefield surgery of Mandryka Clinical Research and Training Medical Centre analysed the most effective domestic and foreign external fixators and developed Rod field package (RFP). The above mentioned researched had two stages. On the first (analytical) stage specialists formulated requirements for idea rod field external fixator. On the second (experimental) stage tests with the help of plastic models of long bones were carried out. The performed analysis showed, that installation of the external fixator is easy and fast, the external fixator is light and has capabilities for 3D bone fragment positioning and fracture fixation, the external fixator is radiotransparent. Implementation of this package into the clinical practice of delivery of battlefield emergency surgical care may improve results of treatment.
The article presents an observe of vehicles of medical evacuation (VME), existing in medical service of the Armed Forces of RF, intended for transporting of ill and wounded persons with delivery of emergency care in passing. Were presented perspective examples of CMV "Aybolit" and VME of middle and grand evacocapacity, pertained to elaboration. There was made a conclusion that the new generation of VME on chassis of the army all-wheel-drive vehicles, having an armor defense (complex of local defense), system of smooth transporting and loading-unloading system, permits solve questions of evacuation of ill and wounded persons from battle field more effectively.
The quality of in-field treatment and prevention measures depends on the availability of modern medical devices, instruments, and equipment. In this regard peculiarities of medical care delivery during military conflicts advance special requirements for medical equipment, which is used by the medical service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The article shows prospects of in-field use of the most important samples of medical devices adopted by the Armed Forces.
The challenges that medical service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation faces cannot be solved without a new qualitative approach to military and medical support. In order to create a complete organizational system of the medical support, consisting of united process of material flow management and management of accompanying elements, the. structure of the medical support and its equipment must correspond to performed tasks. The article describes a set of activities that are performed in the system of military-medical support and offers some promising approaches, which are supposed to solve assigned tasks imposed upon the center of pharmacy and medical technology and its interaction with superior body control, maintainable and third party organizations.