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Awareness and treatment of cardiovascular disease risk factors among middle-aged Swedish men and women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature48051
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1998 Sep;16(3):165-70
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1998
Author
I. Ovhed
H. Odeberg
M. Troein
L. Råstam
Author Affiliation
Lyckeby Primary Health Care Centre, Sweden.
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1998 Sep;16(3):165-70
Date
Sep-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Awareness
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology - therapy
Diabetes Complications
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia - complications
Hypertension - complications
Male
Mass Screening
Men - education - psychology
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Smoking - adverse effects
Sweden
Women - education - psychology
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To study awareness and treatment of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in a primary care district where a screening program for hypercholesterolaemia involving one third of the population had been conducted 7 years earlier. DESIGN: A semi-structured telephone survey on four risk factors; blood pressure, serum cholesterol, blood sugar, and smoking habits. SETTING: The study was performed in a defined area in Blekinge county in Sweden. SUBJECTS: A random sample of the general population aged 40-49 years, in total 356 people. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Awareness of individual risk factors, for cardiovascular diseases, on-going medication, and lifestyle changes in order to lower individual risks. RESULTS: A total of 95% had had their blood pressure measured at least once, compared with 69% for serum cholesterol. Twenty-two per cent had at some time been told that they had high blood pressure, and, of these, almost half (44%) received pharmacological treatment. Among the 62 subjects who were informed about hyperlipidaemia only 5% were taking a lipid-reducing drug. Among present smokers, 38% had had at least one quitting episode during the previous 2 years with a median duration of 60 days. CONCLUSION: In a general population there is a difference between blood pressure and cholesterol check-up and medicalization. Screening activities seem to raise the awareness of cardiovascular risk factors in a population, but when evaluating the tendency to change lifestyle the contagious effects of screening activities might be taken into account. Finding quick-relapsing former smokers among current non-smokers may be of importance when planning smoking cessation activities.
PubMed ID
9800230 View in PubMed
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Daring men to be caring men: the dilemma of disability for male caregivers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature182768
Source
Axone. 2001 Mar;22(3):18-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2001
Author
M L Anderson
Author Affiliation
Individual and Family Services, MS Society of Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. mlanderson@attcanada.ca
Source
Axone. 2001 Mar;22(3):18-21
Date
Mar-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Attitude of Health Personnel
Attitude to Health
Caregivers - psychology
Chronic Disease
Conflict (Psychology)
Empathy
Gender Identity
Home Nursing - psychology
Humans
Male
Men - education - psychology
Multiple Sclerosis - nursing
Mythology
Ontario
Prejudice
Social Values
Socialization
Spouses - psychology
Abstract
The presence of a chronic illness such as multiple sclerosis (MS) represents not only overwhelming demands on male caregivers, but ambivalence for men with respect to their masculinity. Men as sole caregivers for spouses with MS feel caught between a rock and a hard place, given their gender socialization and the pressing demands of caring for a dependent and vulnerable spouse. Regular chapter visits within the MS Society in Ontario confirmed the assumption that male caregivers have to contend with a predominant bias among professional female caregivers that men are really not capable of caring for someone with a chronic illness and subsequently cannot be trusted with such responsibility. This bias actually works to undermine men's perceived capability and predisposition to caring for a vulnerable family member with a chronic illness or disability.
PubMed ID
14625969 View in PubMed
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The declining retirement prospects of immigrant men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature140128
Source
Can Public Policy. 2010;36(3):287-305
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
Derek Hum
Wayne Simpson
Source
Can Public Policy. 2010;36(3):287-305
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada - ethnology
Cost-Benefit Analysis - economics - history - legislation & jurisprudence
Emigrants and Immigrants - education - history - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology
Emigration and Immigration - history - legislation & jurisprudence
Employment - economics - history - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology
Ethnic Groups - education - ethnology - history - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology
Government Programs - economics - education - history - legislation & jurisprudence
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
Income - history
Men - education - psychology
Men's Health - ethnology - history
Retirement - economics - history - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology
Social Conditions - economics - history - legislation & jurisprudence
Social Security - economics - history - legislation & jurisprudence
Abstract
We compare the retirement prospects of immigrant men with their native-born counterparts. Using data from the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, we estimate a significant gap of 43 percent in private pension income and 30 percent in private pension contributions between immigrants and the native born. The gap in public pension incomes is negligible and reduces the overall pension gap, but only partially. Furthermore, the pension income and contribution gap is significantly larger for more recently arrived immigrant cohorts, consistent with evidence of weaker earnings for this group. We provide age profiles of pension income and contributions and discuss problems in interpreting the results without adjusting for age. Controlling for age and earnings differences, immigrants are still about 11 percent less likely to make contributions to a private pension program, but there is no difference in the contribution rates out of earnings of those who contribute. Recently arrived immigrants are significantly less likely to make contributions to a private pension program and appear to be neglecting private pension contribution opportunities more than earlier immigrants and the native born, which may have adverse implications for Canada's public retirement programs.
PubMed ID
20939137 View in PubMed
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Effectiveness of HIV prevention in Ontario, Canada: a multilevel comparison of bisexual men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179423
Source
Am J Public Health. 2004 Jul;94(7):1181-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2004
Author
Chad A Leaver
Dan Allman
Ted Meyers
Paul J Veugelers
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Source
Am J Public Health. 2004 Jul;94(7):1181-5
Date
Jul-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Bisexuality - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Community Health Services - organization & administration
Data Collection - methods
Female
HIV Infections - epidemiology - prevention & control
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Services Research - methods
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Men - education - psychology
Middle Aged
Needs Assessment
Ontario - epidemiology
Program Evaluation
Public Health Practice
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Safe Sex - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sex Education - organization & administration
Sexual Partners
Abstract
We examined the effectiveness of community-level HIV prevention programming for men who have sex with men.
We used multilevel methods to examine unprotected intercourse by bisexual men (n = 1016) with male and female partners in geographic regions with and without HIV prevention programming.
Men living in geographic regions with HIV prevention programming had significantly less frequent unprotected homosexual intercourse with both casual and regular partners. In contrast, no differences were observed for unprotected heterosexual intercourse.
This study provides evidence supporting the effectiveness of community-level HIV prevention programming and the need for its broader implementation. The study also demonstrates the suitability of multilevel methods for examining the effectiveness of community-level public health programs.
Notes
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PubMed ID
15226140 View in PubMed
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Ethnic intermarriage in times of social change: The case of Latvia

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature29632
Source
Demography. 2005 May;42(2):323-345
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2005
Author
Monden, CWS
Smits, J
Author Affiliation
Department of Social Cultural Sciences, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands. c.w.s.monden@uvt.nl
Source
Demography. 2005 May;42(2):323-345
Date
May-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Byelarus - ethnology
Communism - statistics & numerical data
Demography
Educational Status
Emigration and Immigration - statistics & numerical data
Ethnic Groups - education - ethnology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Latvia
Linear Models
Logistic Models
Male
Marriage - ethnology - statistics & numerical data
Men - education - psychology
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Politics
Population Growth
Prejudice
Residence Characteristics
Russia - ethnology
Social Change
Social Identification
Socioeconomic Factors
Ukraine - ethnology
Women - education - psychology
Abstract
We gain insight into the dynamics of ethnic intermarriage in times of social change by studying marriages between Latvians and Russians (including Belarussians and Ukrainians) that occurred in Latvia before and after independence from the Soviet Union. Before independence, ethnic intermarriage was already rather common, involving about 17% of the marriages annually. Since independence, intermarriage between Russians and Latvians has increased substantially. Part of this increase can be explained by selective emigration, but at least half of it may be due to integrative processes. Although there were more marriages between Russian men and Latvian women before independence, the gender pattern reversed after independence. Intermarriage levels were the highest among the less educated, children of mixed couples, partners with similar educational levels, and people in the countryside.
PubMed ID
15986989 View in PubMed
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Gender differences in health habits and in motivation for a healthy lifestyle among Swedish university students.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9231
Source
Nurs Health Sci. 2005 Jun;7(2):107-18
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2005
Author
Margareta I K von Bothmer
Bengt Fridlund
Author Affiliation
School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden. Margareta.von_Bothmer@hos.hh.se
Source
Nurs Health Sci. 2005 Jun;7(2):107-18
Date
Jun-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol Drinking - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Attitude to Health
Comparative Study
Female
Food Habits - psychology
Habits
Health Behavior
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Surveys
Humans
Life Style
Male
Men - education - psychology
Motivation
Obesity - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Residence Characteristics - statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors
Smoking - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Social Support
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Students - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Universities
Women - education - psychology
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to investigate gender differences in students' health habits and motivation for a healthy lifestyle. The sample of students comprised a probability systematic stratified sample from each department at a small university in the south-west of Sweden (n = 479). A questionnaire created for this study was used for data collection. Self-rated health was measured by number of health complaints, where good health was defined as having less than three health complaints during the last month. A healthy lifestyle index was computed on habits related to smoking, alcohol consumption, food habits, physical activity and stress. Female students had healthier habits related to alcohol consumption and nutrition but were more stressed. Male students showed a high level of overweight and obesity and were less interested in nutrition advice and health enhancing activities. The gender differences are discussed in relation to the impact of stress on female students' health, and the risk for male students in having unhealthy nutritional habits in combination with being physically inactive and drinking too much alcohol.
PubMed ID
15877687 View in PubMed
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["I'm not going to jail, am I?" A study of Lex Veneris, its creation, practice, and effect on the lives of individuals, 1919-45]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature87372
Source
Hist Tidskr. 2001;(4):631-48
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001

Men's experiences following laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: a qualitative descriptive study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature163739
Source
Int J Nurs Stud. 2008 May;45(5):765-74
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2008
Author
Jill L Milne
Judith A Spiers
Katherine N Moore
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta., Canada. jill.milne@shaw.com
Source
Int J Nurs Stud. 2008 May;45(5):765-74
Date
May-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aftercare
Aged
Alberta
Attitude to Health
Erectile Dysfunction - etiology
Focus Groups
Humans
Laparoscopy - adverse effects - nursing - psychology
Life Change Events
Male
Men - education - psychology
Middle Aged
Needs Assessment - organization & administration
Nurse's Role
Nursing Methodology Research
Patient Discharge
Patient Education as Topic
Perioperative Care - methods - nursing - psychology
Prostatectomy - adverse effects - nursing - psychology
Prostatic Neoplasms - surgery
Qualitative Research
Quality of Life
Questionnaires
Urinary Incontinence - etiology
Abstract
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is a less invasive surgical option to the open retropubic approach for prostate cancer that will likely grow in popularity commensurate with availability. However, since little is known about what men experience throughout the postoperative period, our ability to ensure informed decision-making remains compromised.
The aim of this study was to explore what men experience following laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and how adequately their pre- and postoperative needs are being met.
This was a qualitative descriptive study.
Nineteen men, aged 46-76, who had undergone laparoscopic radical prostatectomy within the previous 3-6 months period were recruited from the treatment and control arms of a randomized controlled trial. Men who were not in the trial were recruited via letters mailed from surgeons' offices.
Data were generated during loosely structured individual (n=5) and focus group interviews (n=3). Inductive content analysis helped to ensure that participants' perspectives were accurately represented.
Men had actively sought information prior to surgery but seemed unprepared for the intensity of discomfort and incontinence they experienced. They particularly valued opportunities for informal discussion with former prostatectomy patients; however, erectile dysfunction remained a major concern and most did not know where to turn for help.
Nurses could play a pivotal role in the laparoscopic radical prostatectomy experience by ensuring men are well informed both pre- and postoperatively. Facilitating contact with other men who have undergone laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and initiating conversation about potential side-effects such as urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction would be an important starting point. Particularly in light of early discharge and concerns regarding erectile dysfunction, additional follow-up seems warranted.
Notes
Comment In: Evid Based Nurs. 2009 Jan;12(1):2819103846
PubMed ID
17482192 View in PubMed
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17 records – page 1 of 2.