In the present study, pure-tone audiometry was used in 687 Finnish school children, aged 6-15 years, to determine the prevalence of a 6 kHz acoustic dip and related factors among three age groups. Trained audiometricians tested air conduction thresholds in a sound-proof room. A total of 57 children (8.3%) had a clear-cut dip of at least 20 dB at 6 kHz. This dip was more pronounced in older children and in boys. A thorough case history was obtained by questionnaire, with logistic regression analysis showing that low birth weight (
In 1994, countries of the Region of the Americas set a goal of interrupting indigenous measles transmission, and the regional plan of action for achieving this goal was begun in 1996. As of March 16, 2003, the Region of the Americas has been free for 17 weeks from known circulation of the d9 measles virus, the strain responsible for the only large outbreak of measles in the region during 2002 (Figure).
The validity of immunizations, made in due time in children aged up to 7 years in accordance with the approved immunization schedule, is analyzed in this work. The content of antibodies to diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis antigens in children immunized in accordance with the old and new schedules has been studied. This study has revealed that the injection of adsorbed DPT vaccine to children aged 3-4 months induces fully valid immune response to all antigens under study. The level of measles and parotitis antibodies after the injections of measles and parotitis vaccines, introduced separately and simultaneously, has been measured. The simultaneous administration of these preparations did not decrease the levels of immunity to parotitis and measles.
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that early age at exposure to common childhood infections is associated with a decreased risk of allergy. Previous studies on the possible association between allergy and infection with measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella have not been conclusive as most did not include information on exact age at exposure. The objective of our study was to investigate whether early age at exposure to these infections was associated with a decreased risk of atopy using information on exact age at infection. METHODS: The study population consisted of 889 pregnant women who participated in a national birth cohort study in Denmark and for whom detailed information on history of measles, rubella, varicella, and mumps before school entry (age 7 years) was available from school health records from Copenhagen. Atopic status was assessed serologically by a specific response to 11 common inhalant allergens using serum samples obtained from the women during pregnancy. RESULTS: Measles in the first year of life was associated with a higher risk of atopy than no measles before age 7 years (OR 3.36, 95% CI 1.47 to 7.68). There was no association between atopy and mumps, rubella, or varicella in the first 7 years of life or with measles acquired after the first year of life. The risk of atopy increased significantly with increasing number of childhood infections in the first 2 years of life (p(trend)=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These findings do not support the suggestion that childhood exposure to measles, rubella, varicella, or mumps protects against atopy, even if acquired very early in life.