Skip header and navigation

Refine By

230 records – page 1 of 23.

[600,000 women are examined by mammography per year. Every fifth of them refuses screening].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature215813
Source
Lakartidningen. 1995 Feb 8;92(6):552-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-8-1995

Acceptability and concurrent validity of measures to predict older driver involvement in motor vehicle crashes: an Emergency Department pilot case-control study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature161383
Source
Accid Anal Prev. 2007 Sep;39(5):1056-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2007
Author
Frank J Molnar
Shawn C Marshall
Malcolm Man-Son-Hing
Keith G Wilson
Anna M Byszewski
Ian Stiell
Author Affiliation
CanDRIVE(1): a Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Institute of Aging funded New Emerging Team, Elisabeth-Bruyère Research Institute, 43 Bruyère Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 5C8. fmolnar@ottawahospital.on.ca
Source
Accid Anal Prev. 2007 Sep;39(5):1056-63
Date
Sep-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Traffic - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Aged
Automobile Driver Examination - statistics & numerical data
Case-Control Studies
Chronic Disease - epidemiology
Dementia - diagnosis - epidemiology
Disability Evaluation
Female
Head Movements
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Mental Status Schedule - statistics & numerical data
Motor Skills
Neuropsychological Tests - statistics & numerical data
Ontario
Pilot Projects
Psychomotor Performance
Questionnaires
Reaction Time
Risk
Visual Fields
Wounds and injuries - epidemiology - prevention & control
Abstract
Older drivers have one of the highest motor vehicle crash (MVC) rates per kilometer driven, largely due to the functional effects of the accumulation, and progression of age-associated medical conditions that eventually impact on fitness-to-drive. Consequently, physicians in many jurisdictions are legally mandated to report to licensing authorities patients who are judged to be medically at risk for MVCs. Unfortunately, physicians lack evidence-based tools to assess the fitness-to-drive of their older patients. This paper reports on a pilot study that examines the acceptability and association with MVC of components of a comprehensive clinical assessment battery.
To evaluate the acceptability to participants of components of a comprehensive assessment battery, and to explore potential predictors of MVC that can be employed in front-line clinical settings.
Case-control study of 10 older drivers presenting to a tertiary care hospital emergency department after involvement in an MVC and 20 age-matched controls.
The measures tested were generally found to be acceptable to participants. Positive associations (p
PubMed ID
17854579 View in PubMed
Less detail

ADHD in adult psychiatry. Minimum rates and clinical presentation in general psychiatry outpatients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature91338
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63(1):64-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
Nylander L.
Holmqvist M.
Gustafson L.
Gillberg C.
Author Affiliation
Psychiatric Clinic, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden. lena.nylander@skane.se
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63(1):64-71
Date
2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcoholism - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Ambulatory Care - statistics & numerical data
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Comorbidity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Mental Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Personality Assessment
Questionnaires
Street Drugs
Substance-Related Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and comorbidity of persisting attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adult psychiatric outpatients. Consecutive patients, first visits excluded, at a general psychiatric outpatient clinic were offered a screening for childhood ADHD with the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS). One hundred and forty-one patients out of 398 (35%) completed and returned the scale. Patients above or near cut-off for ADHD (n=57) were offered an extensive clinical evaluation with psychiatric as well as neuropsychological examination. The attrition was analysed regarding age, sex and clinical diagnoses. Out of the screened sample, 40% had scores indicating possible childhood ADHD. These 57 patients were invited to the clinical part of the study, but 10 declined assessment, leaving 47 (37 women and 10 men) who were actually examined. Thirty of these (21 women and nine men) met diagnostic criteria for ADHD at the time of examination. Among the patients with ADHD, affective disorders were the most common psychiatric diagnoses. The rate of alcohol and/or substance abuse, as noted in the medical records, was also high in the ADHD group. In the WURS-screened group, 22% (30 patients assessed as part of this study and one person with ADHD previously clinically diagnosed) were shown to have persisting ADHD. Therefore, it is clearly relevant for psychiatrists working in general adult psychiatry to have ADHD in mind as a diagnostic option, either as the patient's main problem or as a functional impairment predisposing for other psychiatric disorders.
PubMed ID
18991159 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adherence to the cervical cancer screening program in women living with HIV in Denmark: comparison with the general population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature259332
Source
BMC Infect Dis. 2014;14:256
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Kristina Thorsteinsson
Steen Ladelund
Søren Jensen-Fangel
Terese L Katzenstein
Isik Somuncu Johansen
Gitte Pedersen
Jette Junge
Marie Helleberg
Merete Storgaard
Anne-Mette Lebech
Source
BMC Infect Dis. 2014;14:256
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Case-Control Studies
Denmark
Early Detection of Cancer
Female
HIV Infections
Humans
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Patient Compliance - statistics & numerical data
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms - diagnosis
Vaginal Smears - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Women living with HIV (WLWH) are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer (ICC). International HIV guidelines suggest cervical screening twice the first year after HIV diagnosis and thereafter annually. Adherence to the HIV cervical screening program in Denmark is unknown.
We studied women from a population-based, nationwide HIV cohort in Denmark and a cohort of age-matched females from the general population. Screening behaviour was assessed from 1999-2010. Adjusted odds ratios (OR's) for screening attendance in the two cohorts and potential predictors of attendance to guidelines were estimated. Pathology specimens were identified from The Danish Pathology Data Bank.
We followed 1143 WLWH and 17,145 controls with no prior history of ICC for 9,509 and 157,362 person-years. The first year after HIV diagnosis 2.6% of WLWH obtained the recommended two cervical cytologies. During the different calendar intervals throughout the study period between 29-46% of WLWH followed the HIV cervical screening guidelines. Adjusted OR's of attendance to the general population screening program for WLWH aged 30, 40 and 50 years, compared to controls, were 0.69 (95% CI: 0.56-0.87), 0.67 (0.55-0.80) and 0.84 (0.61-1.15). Predictors of attendance to the HIV cervical screening program were a CD4 count?>?350 cells/µL and HIV RNA?
Notes
Cites: Int J STD AIDS. 2006 Sep;17(9):579-84; quiz 585-716942648
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2011 Jul;39(7 Suppl):30-321775347
Cites: Prev Med. 2007 Aug-Sep;45(2-3):93-10617651792
Cites: Int J STD AIDS. 2007 Sep;18(9):639-4217918661
Cites: Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jun;111(6):1388-9318515523
Cites: Cancer Causes Control. 2009 Feb;20(1):1-1318802779
Cites: MMWR Recomm Rep. 2009 Apr 10;58(RR-4):1-207; quiz CE1-419357635
Cites: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Aug 1;51(4):430-619474756
Cites: Int J Epidemiol. 2009 Oct;38(5):1202-618799495
Cites: J Infect Dis. 2010 Mar;201(5):681-9020105077
Cites: BMC Cancer. 2010;10:31020565935
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2011 Jul;39(7 Suppl):22-521775345
Cites: Int J Cancer. 2011 Jun 15;128(12):2765-7421207409
Cites: Int J STD AIDS. 2011 Oct;22(10):614-521998189
Cites: AIDS. 2012 Mar 27;26(6):741-822156974
Cites: PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e3470622545087
Cites: Ann Intern Med. 2012 Jun 19;156(12):880-91, W31222711081
Cites: JAMA. 2012 Jul 25;308(4):362-922820789
Cites: PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e4775523118894
Cites: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Apr 1;62(4):405-1323254153
Cites: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001 Aug 15;27(5):463-611511823
Cites: Prev Med. 2004 Aug;39(2):270-815226035
Cites: Dan Med Bull. 1997 Nov;44(5):535-99408738
Cites: J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Mar 16;97(6):425-3215770006
Cites: J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Apr 20;97(8):577-8615840880
Cites: HIV Med. 2006 Jan;7(1):46-5216313292
Cites: Int J STD AIDS. 2010 Dec;21(12):835-621297095
Cites: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Dec 15;43(5):550-517133212
PubMed ID
24885577 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Adjusting for studied districts can be useful]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24068
Source
Lakartidningen. 1993 Apr 28;90(17):1636-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-28-1993
Author
G. Steineck
T. Hakulinen
Source
Lakartidningen. 1993 Apr 28;90(17):1636-7
Date
Apr-28-1993
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Breast Neoplasms - mortality - prevention & control
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Female
Humans
Mammography - statistics & numerical data
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Models, Statistical
Sweden - epidemiology
Notes
Comment On: Lakartidningen. 1993 Feb 17;90(7):608-10; discussion 6117786323
Comment On: Lakartidningen. 1993 Feb 24;90(8):6848437487
PubMed ID
8487602 View in PubMed
Less detail

Alcohol consumption among middle-aged women: a population-based study of Swedish women. The Women's Health in Lund Area (WHILA) study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9571
Source
Eur Addict Res. 2004;10(1):15-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Jenny Cederfjäll
Jonas Lidfeldt
Christina Nerbrand
Göran Samsioe
Agneta Ojehagen
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. jenny.cederfjall@psykiatr.lu.se
Source
Eur Addict Res. 2004;10(1):15-21
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Affective Symptoms - epidemiology
Age Factors
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Alcoholic Beverages
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Comorbidity
Female
Health Status Indicators
Health Surveys
Humans
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Mathematical Computing
Middle Aged
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Somatoform Disorders - epidemiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Temperance - statistics & numerical data
Wine
Abstract
From a total population of 10,766 Swedish 50- to 59-year-old women, 6,917 (64.2%) participated in the Women's Health in Lund Area (WHILA) study, and among them 6,623 (95.7%) answered the questions on alcohol consumption. One out of 4 women (26.0%) consumed no alcohol in an ordinary week (non-drinkers), 57.4% consumed not more than 83 g alcohol, 12.5% consumed 84-167 g and 4.2% consumed 168 g or more. The weekly drinkers had a median consumption of 40.0 g alcohol (range 2.5-1,036.0) and the main sort of alcohol was wine. Comparing the four drinking groups, most differences occurred between the non-drinking and the weekly drinking women. The non-drinkers had lower socio-demographic status, poorer health and more symptoms, especially physical symptoms. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, most associations between non-drinking and lower socio-demographic status remained.
PubMed ID
14665801 View in PubMed
Less detail

Analysis of screening data: colorectal cancer.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature21830
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 1997 Dec;26(6):1172-81
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1997
Author
D. Gyrd-Hansen
J. Søgaard
O. Kronborg
Author Affiliation
Centre for Health and Social Policy, Odense, Denmark.
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 1997 Dec;26(6):1172-81
Date
Dec-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Colorectal Neoplasms - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Models, Theoretical
Occult Blood
Prevalence
Sensitivity and specificity
Abstract
BACKGROUND: This paper illustrates how data gathered from an existing screening programme against colorectal cancer can be used to produce new information on the natural history of colorectal cancer as well as the characteristics of the unhydrated Hemoccult II screening test. METHODS: A mathematical model is used, which on the basis of prevalence and interval incidence data from a randomized screening project initiated in Funen County, Denmark, estimates the sensitivity of the screening test and the sojourn time of the disease. RESULTS: The sensitivity of the Hemoccult is estimated at 62.1% and the mean sojourn time is estimated to be 2.1 years. CONCLUSIONS: The short sojourn time indicates that overall effectiveness of a Hemoccult II screening programme can be improved significantly by more frequent screening.
PubMed ID
9447396 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A new method for detecting congenital hearing disorders. Infants are screened by measuring otoacoustic emissions]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature33402
Source
Lakartidningen. 1999 Mar 10;96(10):1166-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-10-1999
Author
L. Hergils
Author Affiliation
ENT Dept, Universitetssjukhuset, Linköping, Sweden.
Source
Lakartidningen. 1999 Mar 10;96(10):1166-8
Date
Mar-10-1999
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child, Preschool
English Abstract
Europe
Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem
Hearing Disorders - congenital - diagnosis - physiopathology
Hearing Tests - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous
Sweden
United States
Abstract
Despite various infant screening programmes, congenital hearing deficit is normally detected too late. However, the measurement of otoacoustic emissions (OAE) has now proved to be an effective means of assessing neonatal hearing. The article consists in an outline of both international and Swedish experience of universal neonatal screening programmes using OAE testing. Since universal OAE screening was introduced at University Hospital, Linköping, in September 1995, some 6,000 infants have been tested. During the first two years 98.5 per cent of the children participated. Satisfactory bilateral OAE test results were obtained in 97.1 per cent of cases. Where further investigation was necessary, it took the form of auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing during natural rest, or full diagnostic ABR testing under general anaesthesia.
Notes
Comment In: Lakartidningen. 1999 Jun 9;96(23):2835-610405529
PubMed ID
10193119 View in PubMed
Less detail

Appointments timed in proximity to annual milestones and compliance with screening: randomised controlled trial.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature90746
Source
BMJ. 2008;337:a2794
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Hoff Geir
Bretthauer Michael
Author Affiliation
Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway. hofg@online.no
Source
BMJ. 2008;337:a2794
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anniversaries and Special Events
Appointments and Schedules
Colorectal Neoplasms - prevention & control
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Occult Blood
Patient Acceptance of Health Care - statistics & numerical data
Patient Compliance - statistics & numerical data
Rural Health
Sigmoidoscopy
Urban health
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether appointments for screening timed in proximity to annual milestones (birthdays, Christmas and New Year) may be used as a strategy to improve attendance for screening for colorectal cancer. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: City of Oslo (urban) and Telemark county (urban and rural), Norway. PARTICIPANTS: 12,960 screened adults (64.7% of those invited). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Attendance rates for each week and month of assigned appointment. RESULTS: Attendance rates were significantly higher in December than the rest of the year (72.3% v 64.6%, P
Notes
Comment In: BMJ. 2009;338:a265819131389
PubMed ID
19091759 View in PubMed
Less detail

Are health surveys among elderly people worthwhile? The Albertina Project.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature72521
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1998 Jun;16(2):101-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1998
Author
A M Lindgren
K. Svärdsudd
G. Tibblin
Author Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine, Uppsala University, University Hospital, Sweden.
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1998 Jun;16(2):101-6
Date
Jun-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Geriatric Assessment - statistics & numerical data
Health Services Needs and Demand - statistics & numerical data
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Morbidity
Multiphasic Screening
Referral and Consultation - statistics & numerical data
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sweden
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To study the need for health screening among elderly people. SETTING, DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: A random sample of 605 people 75 years or older from the general population of Uppsala, Sweden received a postal questionnaire on health issues, and a random subsample of 101 persons were offered a health survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Symptoms and signs of disease in questionnaire or at health examination. RESULTS: Thirty-nine people came to the health examination at the primary health care centre (PHCC), 15 were examined in their homes, and 11 were interviewed by telephone. Seventy-eight findings were made in the PHCC group, out of which 60 were known by the proband and 18 were new. In ten cases some action was taken. Of the 54 people examined, 50 persons had one or several findings. The most prevalent problems were hypertension, urinary incontinence, and hearing problems. However, few of these problems warranted referral to a general practitioner or hospital. CONCLUSIONS: It appears that a health survey of elderly people yielded little new information on the state of health among those surveyed at the time of the data collection. The bearing on the present-day situation is discussed.
PubMed ID
9689688 View in PubMed
Less detail

230 records – page 1 of 23.