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Adolescent smoking and exposure to tobacco marketing under a tobacco advertising ban: Findings from 2 Norwegian national samples

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature67227
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 2004 Jul;94(7):1230-1238
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2004
  1 website  
Author
Braverman, MT
Aarø, LE
Author Affiliation
Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis 95616, USA. mtbraverman@ucdavis.edu
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 2004 Jul;94(7):1230-1238
Date
Jul-2004
Language
English
Geographic Location
Norway
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior - psychology
Adolescent Psychology - statistics & numerical data
Advertising - legislation & jurisprudence - methods - statistics & numerical data
Attitude to Health
Cohort Studies
Female
Friends - psychology
Habits
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Policy - legislation & jurisprudence
Health Surveys
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Marketing - organization & administration
Mass Media
Multivariate Analysis
Needs Assessment
Norway - epidemiology
Peer Group
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Smoking - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Tobacco Industry - organization & administration
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: We examined the extent to which adolescents in Norway have been exposed to tobacco marketing despite an existing ban, and whether exposure is related to their current smoking or expectations they will smoke in the future. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to nationally representative systematic samples of Norwegian youths aged 13 to 15 years in 1990 (n = 4282) and 1995 (n = 4065). RESULTS: About half in each cohort reported exposure to marketing. Youths reporting exposure were significantly more likely to be current smokers and to expect to be smokers at 20 years of age, after control for important social influence predictors. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents' current smoking and future smoking expectations are linked to marketing exposure even in limited settings, suggesting the need for comprehensive controls to eliminate the function of marketing in promoting adolescent smoking.
PubMed ID
15226148 View in PubMed
Online Resources
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An antibiotic's journey from marketing authorization to use, Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286114
Source
Bull World Health Organ. 2017 Mar 01;95(3):220-226
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-01-2017
Author
Christine Årdal
Hege Salvesen Blix
Jens Plahte
John-Arne Røttingen
Source
Bull World Health Organ. 2017 Mar 01;95(3):220-226
Date
Mar-01-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anti-Bacterial Agents - economics
Costs and Cost Analysis
Drug Approval - organization & administration
Drug Resistance, Bacterial
Drug Utilization
Health Policy
Humans
Insurance, Health, Reimbursement
Marketing - organization & administration
Norway
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Private Sector - organization & administration
Abstract
Here we describe in detail marketing authorization and reimbursement procedures for medicinal products in Norway, with particular reference to nine novel antibiotics that received marketing authorization between 2005 and 2015. The description illustrates that, in places like Norway, with effective antibiotic stewardship policies and an associated low prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection, there is little need for newer, more expensive antibiotics whose therapeutic superiority to existing compounds has not been demonstrated. Since resistance begins to emerge as soon as an antibiotic is used, Norway's practice of leaving newer antibiotics on the shelf is consistent with the goal of prolonging the effectiveness of newer antibiotics. An unintended consequence is that the country has signalled to the private sector that there is little commercial value in novel antibiotics, which may nevertheless still be needed to treat rare or emerging infections. Every country aims to improve infection control and to promote responsible antibiotic use. However, as progress is made, antibiotic-resistant bacteria should become less common and, consequently, the need for, and the commercial value of, novel antibiotics will probably be reduced. Nevertheless, antibiotic innovation continues to be essential. This dilemma will have to be resolved through the introduction of alternative reward systems for antibiotic innovation. The DRIVE-AB (Driving re-investment in research and development and responsible antibiotic use) research consortium in Europe has been tasked with identifying ways of meeting this challenge.
Notes
Cites: Lancet. 2005 Feb 12-18;365(9459):579-8715708101
Cites: J Antimicrob Chemother. 2015;70(6):1604-725673635
Cites: J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013 Sep;68(9):2144-5323674762
Cites: Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 Feb;16(2):161-826603172
Cites: Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 Sep;54(9):3564-820547788
PubMed ID
28250535 View in PubMed
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Challenges in implementation of research methodology in community-based occupational therapy: the Housing Enabler example.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature164602
Source
Scand J Occup Ther. 2007;14(1):54-62
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
Agneta Fänge
Ralf Risser
Susanne Iwarsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. agneta.fange@med.lu.se
Source
Scand J Occup Ther. 2007;14(1):54-62
Date
2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Architectural Accessibility
Environment Design
Housing
Humans
Marketing - organization & administration
Observer Variation
Occupational therapy
Organizations, Nonprofit
Research Design
Sweden
Abstract
This paper focuses on challenges in implementation of research in community-based occupational therapy practice. Based on a two-year project in a south Swedish municipality aiming at studying implementation of structured assessment procedures in the housing adaptation process, the first purpose is to provide a detailed project description, and the second is to report on first results identifying challenges in implementation of research in practice. The project was managed following a non-profit marketing model involving activities based on user needs, e.g. assessment training, support visits, and seminars with the users, i.e. occupational therapists. In order to collect data on implementation challenges, a multidimensional approach was utilized. Involving all occupational therapists in the municipality under study, 422 housing adaptation cases were assessed by means of the Housing Enabler. Good inter-rater reliability was demonstrated (kappa=0.62), but large differences between districts in the municipality were seen. Qualitative analyses of diaries, e-mail correspondence and minutes from workshops and seminars elucidated three categories reflecting research implementation challenges: Utilizing research in practice is not straightforward; Utilizing information technology is demanding; and Establishing cooperation and communication is challenging. The results can be utilized for planning of research implementation projects in practice not used to scientific work.
PubMed ID
17366078 View in PubMed
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Documentation of and satisfaction with the service delivery process of electric powered scooters among adult users in different national contexts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature122547
Source
Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2013 Mar;8(2):151-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2013
Author
Terje Sund
Susanne Iwarsson
Mette C Andersen
Åse Brandt
Author Affiliation
The Norwegian Labour and Welfare Service, Department of Assistive Technology, Oslo, Norway. terje.sund@nav.no
Source
Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2013 Mar;8(2):151-60
Date
Mar-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Consumer Participation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Disabled Persons - rehabilitation
Documentation
Electricity
Female
Humans
Internationality
Linear Models
Male
Marketing - organization & administration
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Norway
Patient Satisfaction - statistics & numerical data
Quality Control
Questionnaires
Self-Help Devices - statistics & numerical data
Statistics, nonparametric
Wheelchairs - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate how different service delivery systems for assistive devices were associated with the service delivery process (SDP) and user satisfaction in two national contexts when electric powered scooters were provided.
The study had a follow-up design based on a consecutive inclusion of 50 Danish and 86 Norwegian adults as they were about to be provided a scooter. A study-specific structured questionnaire for documentation of the SDP was administered. The Satisfaction with Assistive Technology Services was used for documenting user satisfaction with the SDP. Besides descriptive statistics, regression analysis was used to identify contributors of variance and predictors of user satisfaction.
The various steps of the SDP were carried out to a various degree. Significantly more total time was spent in the SDP in the Danish sample (p
PubMed ID
22804870 View in PubMed
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