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Abscess infections and malnutrition--a cross-sectional study of polydrug addicts in Oslo, Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature262831
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2014 Jun;74(4):322-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2014
Author
Mone Saeland
Margareta Wandel
Thomas Böhmer
Margaretha Haugen
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2014 Jun;74(4):322-8
Date
Jun-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abscess - epidemiology
Adolescent
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Drug users
Female
Fruit
Humans
Hyperhomocysteinemia - epidemiology
Male
Malnutrition - complications - epidemiology
Norway - epidemiology
Nutritional Status
Substance-Related Disorders - complications - epidemiology - etiology
Thinness
Vegetables
Vitamins - pharmacology
Young Adult
Abstract
Injection drug use and malnutrition are widespread among polydrug addicts in Oslo, Norway, but little is known about the frequency of abscess infections and possible relations to malnutrition.
To assess the prevalence of abscess infections, and differences in nutritional status between drug addicts with or without abscess infections.
A cross-sectional study of 195 polydrug addicts encompassing interview of demographics, dietary recall, anthropometric measurements and biochemical analyses. All respondents were under the influence of illicit drugs and were not participating in any drug treatment or rehabilitation program at the time of investigation.
Abscess infections were reported by 25% of the respondents, 19% of the men and 33% of the women (p = 0.025). Underweight (BMI 15 ?mol/L) was 73% in the abscess-infected group and 41% in the non-abscess-infected group (p = 0.001). The concentrations of S-25-hydroxy-vitamin D3 was very low.
The prevalence of abscess infections was 25% among the examined polydrug addicts. Dietary, anthropometric and biochemical assessment indicated a relation between abscess infections and malnutrition.
PubMed ID
24628456 View in PubMed
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Failure to thrive: the prevalence and concurrence of anthropometric criteria in a general infant population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature82653
Source
Arch Dis Child. 2007 Feb;92(2):109-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2007
Author
Olsen E M
Petersen J.
Skovgaard A M
Weile B.
Jørgensen T.
Wright C M
Author Affiliation
Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark. emao@glostruphosp.kbhamt.dk
Source
Arch Dis Child. 2007 Feb;92(2):109-14
Date
Feb-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anthropometry - methods
Body mass index
Denmark - epidemiology
Epidemiologic Methods
Failure to Thrive - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Malnutrition - complications - epidemiology
Weight Gain
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Failure to thrive (FTT) in early childhood is associated with subsequent developmental delay and is recognised to reflect relative undernutrition. Although the concept of FTT is widely used, no consensus exists regarding a specific definition, and it is unclear to what extent different anthropometric definitions concur. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and concurrence of different anthropometric criteria for FTT and test the sensitivity and positive predictive values of these in detecting children with "significant undernutrition", defined as the combination of slow conditional weight gain and low body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Seven criteria of FTT, including low weight for age, low BMI, low conditional weight gain and Waterlow's criterion for wasting, were applied to a birth cohort of 6090 Danish infants. The criteria were compared in two age groups: 2-6 and 6-11 months of life. RESULTS: 27% of infants met one or more criteria in at least one of the two age groups. The concurrence among the criteria was generally poor, with most children identified by only one criterion. Positive predictive values of different criteria ranged from 1% to 58%. Most single criteria identified either less than half the cases of significant undernutrition (found in 3%) or included far too many, thus having a low positive predictive value. Children with low weight for height tended to be relatively tall. CONCLUSIONS: No single measurement on its own seems to be adequate for identifying nutritional growth delay. Further longitudinal population studies are needed to investigate the discriminating power of different criteria in detecting significant undernutrition and subsequent outcomes.
Notes
Comment In: Arch Dis Child. 2007 Feb;92(2):95-617264277
Comment In: Arch Dis Child. 2007 Feb;92(2):97-817264278
PubMed ID
16531456 View in PubMed
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Impact of Nutritional Status and Sleep Quality on Hospital Utilisation in the Oldest Old with Heart Failure.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276113
Source
J Nutr Health Aging. 2016 Feb;20(2):170-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2016
Author
S. Selan
A. Hellström
C. Fagerström
Source
J Nutr Health Aging. 2016 Feb;20(2):170-7
Date
Feb-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Geriatric Assessment
Heart Failure - complications - therapy
Hospitalization
Hospitals
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Malnutrition - complications - epidemiology
Nutritional Status
Sleep
Sleep Wake Disorders - complications - epidemiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
To describe three-year trends in nutritional status and sleep quality and their impact on hospital utilisation in the oldest old (80 +) with heart failure (HF).
Single-centred longitudinal observational study.
South-eastern Sweden.
90 elderly (80+) with objectively verified HF.
Baseline data from the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and on sleep quality were collected through structured interviews following the HF diagnosis (n=90) and at a three-year follow-up (n=41). Data on hospital utilisation during the three years following the HF diagnosis were also collected.
Nineteen percent of the participants were found to have impaired nutritional status, a condition that increased hospital utilisation by four bed days per year. A majority (85%) had impaired sleep quality, but no impact on hospital utilisation was found. Nutritional status and sleep quality were stable over the three-year period.
In the oldest old with HF, impaired nutritional status and impaired sleep quality are already common at HF diagnosis. Impaired nutritional status increases hospital utilisation significantly. Therefore, it is of supreme importance to systematically evaluate nutritional status and sleep quality in the oldest old when they are diagnosed with HF, as well as to take action if impairments are present.
PubMed ID
26812513 View in PubMed
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Living as a drug addict in Oslo, Norway--a study focusing on nutrition and health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature93010
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2009 May;12(5):630-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2009
Author
Saeland M.
Haugen M.
Eriksen F-L
Smehaugen A.
Wandel M.
Böhmer T.
Oshaug A.
Author Affiliation
Akershus University College, 2001 Lillestrøm, Kjeller, Norway. mone.seland@hiak.no
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2009 May;12(5):630-6
Date
May-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Body mass index
Body Weight
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health Behavior
Hepatitis C - epidemiology
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Life Style
Linear Models
Male
Malnutrition - complications - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Nutritional Status
Residence Characteristics
Sex Distribution
Sexual Behavior
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral - epidemiology - psychology
Socioeconomic Factors
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - blood - complications - epidemiology - psychology
Thinness - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To investigate nutritional status and related living conditions among drug addicts in Oslo. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of nutritional status evaluated by anthropometric and biochemical measurements; a structured interview concerning education, living conditions, income source, drug history and sex practice; and biochemical testing of sexually transmitted infections. SETTING: The present study was conducted between November 2001 and April 2003 in locations where the drug addicts reside in Oslo. SUBJECTS: A total of 123 male and seventy-two female addicts using drugs by injections regularly. RESULTS: We found that 20 % of the women were moderately underweight (BMI in kg/m2) (16.5
Notes
Erratum In: Public Health Nutr. 2009 May;12(5):728
PubMed ID
18549520 View in PubMed
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[Malnutrition common within Swedish health care. Assessment of the evidence status gives clear results: time to concentrate on clinical nutrition!]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81522
Source
Lakartidningen. 2006 May 31-Jun 6;103(21-22):1713, 1715-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
Cederholm Tommy
Author Affiliation
Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, klinisk nutrition och metabolism, Uppsala Universitet, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala. tommy.cederholm@pubcare.uu.se
Source
Lakartidningen. 2006 May 31-Jun 6;103(21-22):1713, 1715-7
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cachexia - complications - epidemiology - therapy
Evidence-Based Medicine
Humans
Inpatients
Length of Stay
Malnutrition - complications - epidemiology - therapy
Nutrition Assessment
Nutritional Support
Practice Guidelines
Sweden - epidemiology
Weight Loss
PubMed ID
16826715 View in PubMed
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Prevalence and Association of Undernutrition with Quality of Life among Swedish People Aged 60 Years and Above: Results of the SNAC-B Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature274255
Source
J Nutr Health Aging. 2015 Dec;19(10):970-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2015
Author
M. Naseer
C. Fagerström
Source
J Nutr Health Aging. 2015 Dec;19(10):970-9
Date
Dec-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Animals
Anthropometry
Body mass index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Eating
Female
Geriatric Assessment
Health Surveys
Housing
Humans
Male
Malnutrition - complications - epidemiology
Marital status
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Prevalence
Quality of Life
Risk assessment
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of undernutrition among elderly and to investigate the association of risk of undernutrition with health-related quality of life and life satisfaction controlling for age, gender, marital status, economic status, housing arrangement, education level, functional ability, and diseases.
A cross-sectional study design was used for this study. The baseline data (2001-2003) of "The Swedish National Study of Aging and Care-Blekinge (SNAC-B)" was used.
This population-based study focused on both home-living and special-housing residents.
The participants (n=1402) were randomly selected and included both males and females 60-96 years of age residing in a municipality of south-east Sweden.
The risk of undernutrition was estimated by the occurrence of at least one anthropometric measure (body mass index, mid-arm circumference, and calf circumference) below cut-off, in addition to the presence of at least one subjective measure (declined food intake, weight loss, and eating difficulty). The dependent variables, health-related quality of life and life satisfaction, were measured by the validated short form health survey (SF-12) and Liang's life satisfactions index A (LSIA), respectively.
According to the criterion, 8.5% of the participants were at risk of undernutrition, and subjects at nutritional risk were significantly older, female, unmarried/widowed/divorced, residing in special housing, and functionally impaired. The risk of undernutrition was significantly associated with poor health-related quality of life, both in the physical (OR 2.31, 95% CI 1.18-4.52) and mental (OR 2.34, 95% CI 1.22-4.47) dimensions. However, no significant association was observed between nutritional status and life satisfaction (OR 1.30, 95% CI 0.70-2.40).
The risk of undernutrition significantly increases the risk of poor physical and mental health-related quality of life but has negligible impact on life satisfaction. This study also highlights the importance of functional ability both for the prevention of undernutrition and promotion of quality of life. However, more studies are needed to validate the tool used here for undernutrition risk assessment before it can be used in clinical or population settings.
PubMed ID
26624207 View in PubMed
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Psychiatric disorders, body mass index and C-reactive protein in dialysis patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature132300
Source
Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2011 Sep-Oct;33(5):454-61
Publication Type
Article
Author
Valjbona Tiric Preljevic
Tone Brit Hortemo Østhus
Leiv Sandvik
Christine Bull Bringager
Stein Opjordsmoen
Inger Hilde Nordhus
Ingrid Os
Toril Dammen
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, 0407 Oslo, Norway. prva@uus.no
Source
Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2011 Sep-Oct;33(5):454-61
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Body mass index
C-Reactive Protein - analysis
Comorbidity
Dialysis
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Malnutrition - complications - epidemiology - psychology
Mental Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Prevalence
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Quality of Life
Renal Dialysis - psychology
Risk factors
Abstract
The objective of the study was to identify the prevalence of depression, anxiety and somatoform disorders in dialysis patients according to dialysis modality and to compare dialysis patients with and without psychiatric comorbidity regarding clinical characteristics, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and markers of nutrition and inflammation.
One hundred and nine patients were assessed for depression, anxiety and somatoform disorder with the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. The Short Form 36 was used. Sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected.
About one third, 30.3%, had a current psychiatric disorder regardless of dialysis modality (depression, 22%; anxiety, 17%; somatoform disorders, 1%), and these reported more impairment on HRQoL dimensions. In the multivariate analysis, significant correlations between psychiatric comorbidity and C-reactive protein (CRP=6 mmol/L) [odds ratio (OR), 3.6; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.3-9.9; P=.015] and body mass index (BMI=21 kg/m(2)) (OR, 4.2; 95% CI, 1.4-12.7; P=.011) were observed.
Depressive and anxiety disorders were common in dialysis patients and were associated with impaired HRQoL, while prevalence of somatoform disorders was low. A strong correlation between psychiatric comorbidity, CRP and BMI indicates that special attention should be given to patients with CRP=6 mmol/L and BMI=21 kg/m(2).
PubMed ID
21831445 View in PubMed
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[Stomatologic diseases in young men with constitutionally related malnutrition].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature176322
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2004 Dec;325(12):16-21, 96
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2004
Author
V B Gorbulenko
V Ia Iakovleva
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2004 Dec;325(12):16-21, 96
Date
Dec-2004
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Body Constitution - physiology
Humans
Male
Malnutrition - complications - epidemiology - physiopathology
Mass Screening
Prevalence
Russia - epidemiology
Stomatognathic Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Tooth Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Abstract
The stomatologic investigation has revealed multiple caries in the youths of pre-conscription age with constitutionally conditioned malnutrition (CCM). Its specific features are the following: the high affection of incisor and molar teeth, the involvement as a rule of 3 dental surfaces, the high incidence of complicated caries (especially when the bode mass index is 16.69 + /- 0.25 kg/ m2), with the prevalence of acute apical periodontitis of pulpar origin and chronic periodontitis. The "bad" mark of oral cavity hygiene was more often noted in CCM youths, that causes the high incidence of gingivitis severe forms among them. The wide spread and high intensity of dental-and-maxillary anomaly and deformity connected with permanent lower molar early removal as well as the high incidence of desquamative glossitis are registered in the given patient group. The revealed patterns of incidence and intensity of oral and dental diseases in CCM youths show the necessity of more detailed study of their stomatologic status with the use of special clinical-and-laboratory methods in order to develop the optimal rehabilitation programs.
PubMed ID
15690851 View in PubMed
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8 records – page 1 of 1.