The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore body composition, and the relationship of serum adipokines with bone mass and disease activity, in a cohort of JIA patients with at least three months' exposure to systemic glucocorticoids (GC).
Fifty patients with JIA (34 girls, median age 12.4 years and disease duration 6.3 years) and 88 controls matched for gender and age participated in this study. Bone mineral content (BMC) and areal bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine and whole body, as well as body composition were assessed with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Fasting serum leptin and adiponectin were measured.
Fat and lean mass were similar between patients and controls, but patients had slightly decreased BMD Z-scores. Serum leptin and adiponectin concentrations were similar. Disease activity was low, and no correlation with adipokines was observed. Patients with bone age-corrected lumbar spine BMD Z-score =-1.0 ("low BMD") did not show alterations in body composition, GC exposure or current disease activity, but had decreased BMC-to-lean mass ratio (p
Studies on the hormonal regulation of bone metabolism in men have indicated covariation between insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and sex hormones with bone mineral density (BMD). In this study the relationships between BMD in total body, lumbar spine, femoral neck, distal and ultradistal (UD) radius and circulating levels of IGFs, IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), and sex steroids were investigated in 55 Swedish men between 22 and 85 (52 +/- 18, mean +/- SD) years of age. BMD in total body, distal and UD radius, and femoral neck was positively correlated with serum IGF-I (r = 0.31 to 0.49), IGF-II (r = 0.32 to 0.48), IGFBP-3 (r = 0.37 to 0.53), and free androgen index (FAI) (r = 0.32 to 0.40), and negatively with IGFBP-1 (r = -0.37 to -0.41) and IGFBP-2 (r = -0.29 to -0.41) levels. A positive correlation was observed between BMD in femoral neck and estradiol/SHBG ratio (r = 0.34, P = 0.01). Age correlated negatively with serum IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, FAI, estradiol/SHBG ratio, and BMD in total body, distal and UD radius, and femoral neck, and positively with IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and SHBG levels. According to stepwise multiple regression analyses, a combination of weight, IGFBP-3, and testosterone accounted for 43% of the variation in BMD in femoral neck, 34% in ultradistal radius and 48% in total body (P
OBJECTIVE: To study bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Dual x-ray absorptiometry was performed in 227 patients, 149 women and 78 men, with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of no more than 12 months duration. RESULTS: Women, as well as men above 60 years of age, had a BMD at spine and hip comparable with age and sex matched reference populations. Men younger than 60 years had a tendency to lower BMD. Although the proportion of female patients with osteoporosis was not higher than in the reference, population the proportion of patients with reduced bone mass was increased, and this was found also in men. There was no significant association between BMD and disease duration, disease activity or disability. CONCLUSION: Untreated patients with early RA have a BMD in spine and hip not significantly different from that of normal reference populations. However, an increased number of the patients had reduced bone mass already at disease onset.
The aim of this study was to investigate the interactive effects between nutritional calcium (Ca) intake and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on bone loss. The study population, 937 peri- and postmenopausal women, was selected from a random sample (n = 2025) of the OSTPRE-study cohort (n = 13,100) in Kuopio, Finland. Of them, 545 women had never used HRT and 392 women reported its use during the follow-up period of 6 years. Women were divided in groups according to self-reported daily nutritional Ca intake (mg/day): 927 (3rd). Bone mineral density of the lumbar spine and femoral neck was measured with dual X-ray absorptiometry at baseline in 1989-91 and at the 5-year follow-up in 1994-97. According to analysis of variance, there were no statistically significant differences in annual bone loss rate between Ca intake tertiles in HRT never users. In HRT users the annual bone loss at the femoral neck was significantly lower in the third tertile than in the second and first tertiles. In a linear regression model, Ca intake prevented femoral bone loss in HRT users (P