Skip header and navigation

Refine By

149 records – page 1 of 15.

[An attempt at an historical analysis of epidemics of the XIV-XVII centuries].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104032
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1966 May;43(5):153-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1966 May

[An attempt at an historical analysis of epidemics of the XIV-XVII centuries].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature111920
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1966 May;43(5):153-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1966

An international/multicentre report on patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) over the age of 40 years.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155577
Source
J Cyst Fibros. 2008 Nov;7(6):537-42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2008
Author
Margaret E Hodson
Nicholas J Simmonds
Warren J Warwick
Elizabeth Tullis
Carlo Castellani
Baroukh Assael
John A Dodge
Mary Corey
Author Affiliation
Department of Cystic Fibrosis, Royal Brompton Hospital/Imperial College, London SW3 6NP, UK. m.hodson@imperial.ac.uk
Source
J Cyst Fibros. 2008 Nov;7(6):537-42
Date
Nov-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Canada
Cohort Studies
Cystic Fibrosis - complications - epidemiology - physiopathology
Female
Humans
Italy
Life expectancy
London
Longevity
Male
Middle Aged
Minnesota
Retrospective Studies
Sex Distribution
Survival Rate
Abstract
The lifespan of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is increasing significantly. The objective of this international pilot study was to study the characteristics of these long-term survivors.
Four centres with large CF clinics from London (UK), Minneapolis (USA), Toronto (Canada) and Verona (Italy) identified 366 patients who had survived 40 years and longer.
At all centres males survived longer than females. There were more pancreatic sufficient patients in Verona (60%) and Toronto (40%) than in London (16%) and Minneapolis (21%). The percentage of DeltaF508 homozygous patients varied between 47% in London and 45% in Minneapolis to only 26% in Toronto and 9% in Verona. Average FEV(1) and BMI values of the surviving population appeared to stabilise after 40 years of age. FEV(1) was on average 12% higher in patients who were pancreatic sufficient (p > 0.0001). There was no difference in survival between the centres. The overall median survival after the age of 40 was 13 years. The estimated annual death rate was approximately 3.4% from the age of 40-60 years.
Significant numbers of patients are now surviving to 40 years or more, and it is hoped that an in-depth study of these patients may identify the factors contributing to longer survival.
PubMed ID
18715831 View in PubMed
Less detail

Are cardiac transplant patients more likely to have periodontitis? A case record study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature53567
Source
J Int Acad Periodontol. 2002 Jul;4(3):95-100
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2002
Author
Jan Lessem
Connie Drisko
Henry Greenwell
Rutger Persson
Hubert Newman
Graham Smart
Lydia Hopkins
Jayan Parameshwar
Daniel Fishbein
C. Partridge
G. Bhat
J. Goldsmith
Author Affiliation
OraPharma Inc, Warminster, PA 18974, USA. lessem@orapharma.com
Source
J Int Acad Periodontol. 2002 Jul;4(3):95-100
Date
Jul-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Alveolar Bone Loss - pathology
Chi-Square Distribution
Cohort Studies
Dental Records
Female
Heart Transplantation - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Kentucky
London
Male
Medical Records
Middle Aged
Myocardial Ischemia - etiology
Odds Ratio
Periodontitis - complications
Risk factors
Sweden
Washington
Abstract
In several large epidemiological studies chronic periodontitis has been implicated as an additional risk factor, independent of other risk factors, for the development of ischaemic heart disease. The underlying mechanism is thought to be a localised infection giving rise to an inflammatory host response, and some experimental data agree with this hypothesis. Recently, however, some studies have questioned the post dated relationship between the two diseases. The current case-record study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of chronic periodontitis and the severity of such periodontal disease in a heart transplant population, assuming the latter represented a relatively severely compromised cardiovascular patient population. The study demonstrated that 76% of the patients had various degrees of periodontal disease prior to undergoing a heart transplant. Thus, it is possible that a relationship between cardiovascular disease and periodontal disease exists, but further, large intervention studies will be needed to confirm such a conclusion.
PubMed ID
12670088 View in PubMed
Less detail

Asperger syndrome--some epidemiological considerations: a research note.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38104
Source
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1989 Jul;30(4):631-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1989
Author
I C Gillberg
C. Gillberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Göteborg, Sweden.
Source
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1989 Jul;30(4):631-8
Date
Jul-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Autistic Disorder - epidemiology
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
London
Sweden
Syndrome
Abstract
Asperger syndrome has so far been the subject of very little systematic empirical inquiry. This paper reviews those few studies in the literature and some data from a new Swedish study which has reported findings pertinent to estimations of Asperger syndrome prevalence. It is concluded that among children with normal intelligence, rates of 10-26 per 10,000 children are minimum figures. Another 0.4 per 10,000 Swedish teenagers showed the combination of Asperger syndrome and mild mental retardation.
PubMed ID
2670981 View in PubMed
Less detail

Atmospheric concentrations and temporal trends of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in the Arctic during 2011-2018.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature304249
Source
Chemosphere. 2021 Mar; 267:128859
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Mar-2021
Author
Yanfen Hao
Yingming Li
Frank Wania
Ruiqiang Yang
Pu Wang
Qinghua Zhang
Guibin Jiang
Author Affiliation
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.
Source
Chemosphere. 2021 Mar; 267:128859
Date
Mar-2021
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - analysis
Arctic Regions
Environmental monitoring
Humans
Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated - analysis
London
Pesticides - analysis
Polychlorinated biphenyls - analysis
Svalbard
Abstract
Passive air samples were deployed in Ny-Ålesund and London Island (Svalbard, High Arctic) annually for seven years (2011-2018) to investigate concentrations, temporal trends and potential sources of selected persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Nine polychlorinated biphenyls and twelve organochlorine pesticides were detected in all samples, with 3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl (PCB-11) being the prevalent congener. Concentrations of most compounds were declining. The ratio of the a- and ?-isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) in Arctic air was comparable with that in technical HCH mixtures, but higher than that in the atmosphere of other countries, thereby indicating the impact of historical use as well as the possible photoisomerization of the ?- into the a-isomer. The parent dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) was always less abundant than its degradation products dichlorodiphenylethylene (DDE), indicative of the impact of aged DDT sources in the Arctic atmosphere. However, o,p'-/p,p'-DDT ratios suggest only a minor contribution of dicofol-type DDT. A slightly declining temporal trend of the trans-chlordane/cis-chlordane ratio indicated the impact of secondary sources. The atmospheric distribution of the investigated POPs in the Arctic was mainly attributed to long-range atmospheric transport, whereas the influence of human activities from the scientific research stations was minor.
PubMed ID
33176912 View in PubMed
Less detail

Attainment and adjustment in two geographical areas. II--The prevalence of specific reading retardation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature252183
Source
Br J Psychiatry. 1975 Jun;126:510-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1975
Author
M. Berger
W. Yule
M. Rutter
Source
Br J Psychiatry. 1975 Jun;126:510-9
Date
Jun-1975
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Achievement
Channel Islands
Child
Child Behavior Disorders - complications
Dyslexia - complications - diagnosis - epidemiology
Female
Humans
London
Male
Sex Factors
Verbal Behavior
Wechsler Scales
Abstract
Specific reading retardation was found to occur in a minimum of 9-9 per cent of ten-year-old 'indigenous' children in one inner London borough. This rate was nearly three times that (3-9 per cent) in Isle of Wight children. There was a comparably higher rate of general reading backwardness in London (19-0 per cent vs 8-3 per cent). Since the same epidemiological methods were followed in the two areas, and since the reading-retarded children had similar psychological characteristics in both cases, it is concluded that there is a real difference between London and the Isle of Wight in the prevalence of reading retardation and of reading backwardness.
PubMed ID
1174768 View in PubMed
Less detail

149 records – page 1 of 15.