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12 records – page 1 of 2.

[A statistical morphological analysis of cirrhosis and primary liver cancer (based on autopsy data from the clinics of the I. M. Sechenov 1st Moscow Medical Institute)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature103376
Source
Arkh Patol. 1990;52(3):43-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
I V Popova
B R Dzhanaliev
Source
Arkh Patol. 1990;52(3):43-8
Date
1990
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Hepatitis B - complications - mortality - pathology
Humans
Liver Cirrhosis - etiology - mortality - pathology
Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic - etiology - mortality - pathology
Liver Neoplasms - etiology - mortality - pathology
Moscow
Sex Factors
Abstract
Liver cirrhosis (LC) comprises 2.1% of 17,458 autopsies in the pathology department for the period from 1962 to 1987, the incidence has increased during the last decade. LC is more frequent in males than in females (ratio 1.36:1.0), the highest incidence in males being at the age of 40-49 years, in females 50-59 years. The main etiological factors of LC, growing in importance, are hepatitis B virus (28.6%) and ethanol (26.1%). The incidence of primary liver carcinoma is 0.9% of all the autopsies, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) being predominant (86.3%); it develops more frequently in LC of viral and ethanol etiology. This liver carcinoma has become more frequent in the last decade. Primary liver carcinoma, particularly HCC, is more frequent in males than in females (ratio 3.1:1.0), age peak between 50 and 59 years in males and 60-62 years in females.
PubMed ID
2369327 View in PubMed
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Characteristics, prognosis and outcome of patients with oesophageal varices in a university hospital in Sweden 1994-1999.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature83097
Source
Scand J Gastroenterol. 2005 Dec;40(12):1462-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2005
Author
Gunnarsdottir Steingerdur Anna
Olsson Rolf
Björnsson Einar S
Author Affiliation
Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Source
Scand J Gastroenterol. 2005 Dec;40(12):1462-8
Date
Dec-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Esophageal and Gastric Varices - complications - mortality - therapy
Female
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage - etiology - mortality - therapy
Hospitals, University
Humans
Liver Cirrhosis - etiology - mortality - therapy
Male
Middle Aged
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
Sweden
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Patients with liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension and oesophageal varices are known to have high morbidity and mortality. The knowledge of incidence, aetiology and outcome in Sweden in recent years is limited. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with oesophageal varices diagnosed for the first time at Sahlgrenska University Hospital during the 6-year period 1994-1999 were retrospectively studied. Information about the aetiology of liver cirrhosis and oesophageal varices, as well as about the proportion of bleeding and non-bleeding varices, endoscopic and pharmacological treatment and outcome, was analyszed. RESULTS: 312 patients were retrieved, 297 with liver cirrhosis (197 diagnosed before first bleeding (P), 92 after bleeding (B) and 8 at autopsy) and 15 with portal vein thrombosis without cirrhosis. Fifty-four percent had alcoholic liver disease. Fifty-five percent in group B and 13% in group P had at least one bleeding episode during follow-up (p
PubMed ID
16293558 View in PubMed
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[Chronic viral hepatitis in St.Petersburg].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature112719
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2013 Mar-Apr;(2):44-50
Publication Type
Article
Author
A G Rakhmanova
A A Iakovlev
V A Tsinzerling
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2013 Mar-Apr;(2):44-50
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Hepacivirus - isolation & purification
Hepatitis B virus - isolation & purification
Hepatitis B, Chronic - complications - mortality - pathology - virology
Hepatitis C, Chronic - complications - mortality - pathology - virology
Hepatitis D, Chronic - complications - mortality - pathology - virology
Hepatitis Delta Virus - isolation & purification
Humans
International Classification of Diseases
Liver - pathology - virology
Liver Cirrhosis - etiology - mortality - virology
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Analysis
Abstract
Morbidity data on chronic viral hepatitis including cirrhotic stages of disease and lethality indexes in St. Petersburg are provided. The necessity of isolation in ICD- 10 and statistical accounting of chronic viral hepatitis diagnosis with outcome into cirrhosis (cirrhotic stage) is shown. During use of viral etiology liver cirrhosis diagnosis the disease is registered in the structure of liver diseases which does not allow to have data on unfavorable outcomes of chronic viral hepatitis and for complete morbidity accounting.
PubMed ID
23805672 View in PubMed
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Epidemiology of liver cirrhosis morbidity and mortality in Iceland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11130
Source
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1997 Jan;9(1):61-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1997
Author
D. Lúdvíksdóttir
H. Skúlason
F. Jakobsson
A. Thórisdóttir
N. Cariglia
B. Magnússon
B. Thjodleifsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, Reykjavík, Iceland.
Source
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1997 Jan;9(1):61-6
Date
Jan-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects
Biopsy
Death Certificates
Female
Hospital Records - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Liver Cirrhosis - etiology - mortality - pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Morbidity - trends
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate - trends
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The mortality from liver cirrhosis in Iceland is the lowest in the Western world. OBJECTIVE: To study the epidemiology of liver cirrhosis mortality and morbidity in Iceland and to obtain a reliable separation between alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) and non-alcoholic cirrhosis (NAC) by using multiple data sources. METHODS: The study included the whole population of Iceland. Mortality was studied through death certificate data for the period 1951-90 and morbidity (clinical incidence) through hospital, autopsy and biopsy records for the period 1971-90. RESULTS: The average mortality for AC in age group 20 years and older was 8.6 and for NAC 19.2 per 10(6)/year and the average clinical incidence was 22.1 per 10(6)/year for AC and 25.9 per 10(6)/year for NAC. In the morbidity study 44% of cases were due to AC. In the mortality study 24% of cases were due to AC but the data suggested an underreporting of AC for males at a rate of 30%. There was a significant decrease in AC mortality with time but no change in NAC. Average alcohol consumption of inhabitants aged over 15 years increased from 2.1 to 4.9 litres per year (130%) during the period 1951-90. CONCLUSION: The incidence of cirrhosis in Iceland is very low for both AC and NAC, accounting for only 0.2% of total deaths. The reasons are unknown. The low incidence of AC in Iceland is probably partly due to low alcohol consumption. The decreasing incidence of AC despite 130% increase in alcohol consumption is thought to be due to intensive treatment of alcoholism. A low prevalence of hepatitis B and C probably contributes to the low incidence of NAC.
PubMed ID
9031901 View in PubMed
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Fluctuations in male ischaemic heart disease mortality in Russia 1959-1998: assessing the importance of alcohol.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature149721
Source
Drug Alcohol Rev. 2009 Jul;28(4):390-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2009
Author
Mats Ramstedt
Author Affiliation
Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. mats.ramstedt@sorad.su.se
Source
Drug Alcohol Rev. 2009 Jul;28(4):390-5
Date
Jul-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects - trends
Alcoholism - complications - epidemiology
Humans
Liver Cirrhosis - etiology - mortality
Lung Neoplasms - etiology - mortality
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Multivariate Analysis
Myocardial Ischemia - etiology - mortality
Regression Analysis
Russia - epidemiology
Smoking - epidemiology
Time Factors
Abstract
The decline in cardiovascular mortality in Russia following the Soviet anti-alcohol campaign of 1985-1988 and the subsequent increase when these extreme alcohol controls were repealed suggested that alcohol consumption is responsible for a substantial number of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) deaths in Russia. To examine whether a similar conclusion can be drawn on the basis of a time-series analysis covering a longer time period, namely 1959-1998.
Using ARIMA time-series analysis, the male IHD mortality rates from 1959 to 1998 were analysed in relation to three indicators of alcohol consumption: estimated per capita consumption, mortality from liver cirrhosis and alcohol poisonings. Cigarette sales and lung cancer mortality were used as indicators of smoking.
Each indicator of alcohol consumption had positive and statistically significant relationships with male IHD mortality in bivariate autoregressive integrated moving average models. The association was stronger in models predicting changes in premature male IHD mortality (30-54 years). At least one alcohol indicator was significantly related to IHD mortality in multivariate models, and in the case of premature IHD mortality, both mortality indicators were significant.
The results provide additional empirical evidence supporting alcohol's conceivable negative effects on IHD in Russia and the idea that binge drinking could be the mechanism through which this effect is mediated. There were no signs of any protective effects from alcohol among Russian men.
PubMed ID
19594793 View in PubMed
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[Mortality from alcoholic liver cirrhosis in Denmark during 1961-1972].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature250864
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1976 Jul 26;138(31):1905-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-26-1976

[Mortality from liver cirrhosis and alcohol consumption in the Scandinavian countries during 1961-1972].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature250865
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1976 Jul 26;138(31):1901-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-26-1976

[Mortality of alcoholic liver cirrhosis and alcohol consumption 1961-1975]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature13145
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1977 Jul 11;139(28):1672
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-11-1977
Author
H O Svendsen
J. Mosbech
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1977 Jul 11;139(28):1672
Date
Jul-11-1977
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking
Alcoholism - complications
Denmark
Female
Humans
Liver Cirrhosis - etiology - mortality
Male
PubMed ID
898347 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Mortality of alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Diagnostic background for statistics concerning cause of death].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature250863
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1976 Jul 26;138(31):1910-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-26-1976
Author
H O Svendsen
J. Mosbech
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1976 Jul 26;138(31):1910-11
Date
Jul-26-1976
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcoholism - complications
Denmark
Female
Humans
Liver Cirrhosis - etiology - mortality
Male
PubMed ID
941343 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Lancet. 1985 May 4;1(8436):1045-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-4-1985

12 records – page 1 of 2.