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[3 cases of viral carriage detected during screening for HIV antibodies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226768
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1991
Author
E M Shelukhina
E V Chekunova
G R Matsevich
I A Okunev
S S Marennikova
M R Zak
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Date
Mar-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Blood Donors
Carrier State - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology - immunology
HIV-1 - immunology
Humans
Immunoblotting
Lithuania - epidemiology
Mass Screening - methods
Moscow - epidemiology
Risk factors
Abstract
The results of screening more than 23,000 serum samples from persons belonging to risk groups, as well as those not belonging to such groups, in Moscow, Vilnius and Klaipeda are presented. Screening was carried out with the use of an assay system manufactured by the Scientific and Industrial Amalgamation "Antigen" (USSR). In this screening 3 HIV carriers were detected; of these, 2 were foreign students from two African countries.
PubMed ID
1872091 View in PubMed
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[A comparative evaluation of the electric impulse treatment of atrial fibrillation based on the data from 2 clinics. 2. The late results].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222308
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(8):29-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
A V Nedostup
M A Alekseevskaia
A I Lukoshevichute
I R Pechiulene
Iu V Vaitekunene
I V Maevskaia
A L Syrkin
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(8):29-31
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Atrial Fibrillation - epidemiology - etiology - therapy
Electric Countershock - statistics & numerical data
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lithuania - epidemiology
Moscow - epidemiology
Recurrence
Time Factors
Abstract
Long-term results of electroimpulse treatment for cardiac fibrillation in 1292 patients performed in cardiological clinics of Moscow and Kaunas have been compared. It is shown that more strict selection, longer preparation for the impulse exposure may secure a significant decrease in the number of the fibrillation recurrences both 1 and 6 months after recovery of the normal rhythm.
PubMed ID
8211796 View in PubMed
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Adipose tissue fatty acids in men from two populations with different cardiovascular risk: the LiVicordia study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54224
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 May;59(3):227-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1999
Author
A. Kaminskas
B. Ziedén
B. Elving
M. Kristenson
A. Abaravicius
B. Bergdahl
A G Olsson
Z. Kucinskiene
Author Affiliation
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 May;59(3):227-32
Date
May-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adipose Tissue - chemistry
Body mass index
Comparative Study
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - metabolism
Diet, Atherogenic
Dietary Fats - analysis
Fatty Acids - analysis
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated - analysis
Humans
Lipid Peroxidation - physiology
Lipoproteins, LDL - metabolism
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Myristic Acid - analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
alpha-Linolenic Acid - analysis
Abstract
The LiVicordia study was set up to investigate possible causes for coronary heart disease mortality in middle-aged Lithuanian men being four times higher than in Swedish men. In a previous part of this study we found lower total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the Lithuanian men in spite of them having a higher fat intake than in the Swedish men. Their LDL was also more susceptible to oxidation in vitro than was that of the Swedish men. Fat quality can influence LDL oxidation. In order to obtain data on long-term fat quality intake we measured the fatty acid composition of abdominal wall adipose tissue by gas chromatography in men aged 50 years from Vilnius, Lithuania (n=50) and Linköping, Sweden (n=50). Men from Vilnius had a significantly higher percentage of adipose tissue long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (20:4n6, 20:5n3, 22:5n5, 22:6n3) and lower percentage of saturated fatty acids, especially myristic acid (14:0), 3.4+/-0.7 versus 4.6+/-0.8, p
PubMed ID
10400167 View in PubMed
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Alcohol consumption in Lithuanian school-aged children during 1994-2002.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9330
Source
Medicina (Kaunas). 2004;40(11):1117-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Linas Sumskas
Apolinaras Zaborskis
Author Affiliation
Institute for Biomedical Research, Kaunas University of Medicine, Eiveniu 4, 50009 Kaunas, Lithuania. linas@kmu.lt
Source
Medicina (Kaunas). 2004;40(11):1117-23
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Beer
Child
Comparative Study
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Female
Humans
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Random Allocation
Sampling Studies
Sex Factors
Abstract
Alcohol consumption becomes an important social and health problem among youth in many countries. Analysis of data on alcohol consumption behavior from World Health Organization Cross-National Study on Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) is presented in the article. This survey is carried out in majority of European countries including Lithuania. Aim of this study was to analyze features and trends of alcohol consumption among representative sample of 11, 13 and 15-year-old school children and to compare results with international data. METHODS: Patterns and trends of alcohol consumption were analyzed in three cross sectional questionnaire surveys of the representative sample of Lithuanian secondary school student's aged 11, 13 and 15 years in 1994, 1998 and 2002. Respectively, 5428, 4513 and 5645 respondents have filled in the questionnaires anonymously in the classroom according the methodology of international HBSC study. RESULTS: Boys were using alcohol on the regular basis (once a week or more often) more frequently than girls. Prevalence of regular alcohol consumption has increased from 9.4 to 13.6% in boys and from 4.2% to 6.5% in girls (p
PubMed ID
15547314 View in PubMed
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Alcohol consumption in the Baltic Republics.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198583
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 May;54(5):361-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2000
Author
M. McKee
J. Pomerleau
A. Robertson
I. Pudule
D. Grinberga
K. Kadziauskiene
A. Abaravicius
S. Vaask
Author Affiliation
European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT.
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 May;54(5):361-6
Date
May-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Beer
Cross-Sectional Studies
Estonia - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Latvia - epidemiology
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Russia - ethnology
Social Class
Socioeconomic Factors
Wine
Abstract
Premature mortality associated with alcohol intake is of particular concern in several countries of the former Soviet Union. This study explored self reported alcohol consumption (beer, wine, spirits) and its determinants in the Baltic Republics.
Cross sectional surveys conducted in 1997.
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Representative samples of adults age 19-64 (Estonia n=2010; Latvia n=2258; Lithuania n=2139).
Between country differences in the frequency of alcohol intake were estimated. The odds of consuming alcohol weekly according to socioeconomic characteristics (age, ethnicity, rural/urban area, education, income) were calculated using multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusting for all variables simultaneously.
The proportion of respondents consuming alcohol weekly varied by country (p
Notes
Cites: Addiction. 1999 Jun;94(6):857-6610665075
Cites: J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 May;54(5):328-3210814651
Cites: J Stud Alcohol. 1993 May;54(3):334-448487543
Cites: Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1994 Feb;18(1):88-968198232
Cites: J Epidemiol Community Health. 1999 May;53(5):277-8210396533
Cites: Lancet. 1997 Aug 9;350(9075):383-89259651
Cites: BMJ. 1998 Aug 1;317(7154):312-89685275
Cites: J R Soc Med. 1998 Aug;91(8):402-79816353
Cites: BMJ. 1995 Jun 24;310(6995):1668-97795463
PubMed ID
10814657 View in PubMed
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An analysis of the existing resources in relation to education and treatment of diabetes in four European countries: Estonia, Finland, Ireland, and Lithuania.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature137696
Source
Appl Nurs Res. 2011 May;24(2):118-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2011
Author
Aileen Burton
Ìrma Mikkonen
Catherine Buckley
Sile Creedon
Marja-Anneli Hynynen
Marit Kiljako
Lilija Kuzminskiene
Patricia Leahy-Warren
Inga Mikutaviciene
Seija Puputti
Vilma Rasteniene
Riita Riikonen
Piret Simm
Eve-Merike Soovali
Arja-Irene Tiainen
Ritva Väistö
Author Affiliation
Catherine McAuley School of Nursing and Midwifery, University College Cork, Ireland. a.burton@ucc.ie
Source
Appl Nurs Res. 2011 May;24(2):118-23
Date
May-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cost of Illness
Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology - therapy
Estonia - epidemiology
Finland - epidemiology
Health Care Rationing
Humans
Ireland - epidemiology
Lithuania - epidemiology
Patient Education as Topic
Prevalence
Abstract
Diabetes has reached pandemic proportions worldwide. To address and assist health care professionals in maintaining and updating their knowledge base on diabetes care, a multilateral project within the framework of the Lifelong Learning Programme and the Erasmus Curriculum Development - sub programme was initiated in 2008. Four European countries are involved in the project - Estonia, Finland, Ireland and Lithuania. Across all four countries the prevalence of diabetes is rising rapidly. The project's (DIPRA - Counselling for Practice - a pilot of improving counselling quality of diabetes) main product will be an on-line study module on patient education and counselling for health care professionals. The management of diabetes demands a broad range of skills which include, communication, leadership, counselling, teaching and research to name but a few. While it is acknowledged that nurses can incorporate these skills into practice and so benefit the care of the patient there is no uniformity across the four countries studied as to what constitutes a specialist diabetes nurse. The study module and all the materials (databank, on-line lectures, and interactive exercises) will be developed in English and translated into partners' national languages (Estonian, Finnish, Lithuanian) to maximize the accessibility of all professionals in partner countries.
Notes
Comment In: Appl Nurs Res. 2011 May;24(2):124-521193291
PubMed ID
21255975 View in PubMed
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Antioxidant state and mortality from coronary heart disease in Lithuanian and Swedish men: concomitant cross sectional study of men aged 50.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54545
Source
BMJ. 1997 Mar 1;314(7081):629-33
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1-1997
Author
M. Kristenson
B. Ziedén
Z. Kucinskienë
L S Elinder
B. Bergdahl
B. Elwing
A. Abaravicius
L. Razinkovienë
H. Calkauskas
A G Olsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Health and Environment, Faculty of Health Science, inköping, Sweden.
Source
BMJ. 1997 Mar 1;314(7081):629-33
Date
Mar-1-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antioxidants - metabolism
Blood Pressure - physiology
Body Weight
Cholesterol - blood
Coronary Disease - metabolism - mortality - physiopathology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Triglycerides - blood
Vitamins - metabolism
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible risk factors and mechanisms behind the four times higher and diverging mortality from coronary heart disease in Lithuanian compared with Swedish middle aged men. DESIGN: Concomitant cross sectional comparison of randomly selected 50 year old men without serious acute or chronic disease. Methods and equipment were identical or highly standardised between the centres. SETTING: Linköping (Sweden) and Vilnius (Lithuania). SUBJECTS: 101 and 109 men aged 50 in Linköping and Vilnius respectively. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anthropometric data, blood pressure, smoking, plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations, susceptibility of low density lipoprotein to oxidation, and plasma concentrations of fat soluble antioxidant vitamins. RESULTS: Systolic blood pressure was higher (141 v 133 mm Hg, P
PubMed ID
9066473 View in PubMed
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Association between health behaviour and self-reported health in Estonia, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature180594
Source
Eur J Public Health. 2004 Mar;14(1):32-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2004
Author
Anu Kasmel
Ville Helasoja
Andrus Lipand
Ritva Prättälä
Jurate Klumbiene
Iveta Pudule
Author Affiliation
University of Southern Denmark, Department of Health Promotion Research. anu@tervis.ee
Source
Eur J Public Health. 2004 Mar;14(1):32-6
Date
Mar-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Diet
Estonia - epidemiology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Health Behavior
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Latvia - epidemiology
Life Style
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Self-Assessment
Smoking
Abstract
The aim of the present study is to examine the associations of the selected health behaviours (daily smoking, frequent strong alcohol use, consumption of fresh vegetables less than 3 days a week and leisure time physical activity less than two/three times a week) to the self-assessed health after adjustment to the age and education in Estonia, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania.
Data from cross-sectional surveys carried out in all the above-mentioned countries were used. The methodology and questionnaires of the surveys were standardized between the participating countries within the Finbalt Health Monitor System. Logistic regression was used to assess the effect of self-perceived health status on prevalence of health behaviours.
In Finland both women and men rated their health better than both genders in all the Baltic countries. In Finland self-assessment of health is significantly associated with most health behaviours, but in the Baltic counties the associations are weak or unstable.
The results suggest that in Finland as in many other stable countries self-assessed health status was related to health behaviours and can be used as an indicator of health behaviours. In the Baltic countries, factors other than health behaviours may be more relevant to the self assessment of health status.
PubMed ID
15080388 View in PubMed
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Caries prevalence and oral hygiene in Lithuanian children and adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature212770
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 1996 Feb;54(1):75-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1996
Author
J. Aleksejuniene
P. Arneberg
H M Eriksen
Author Affiliation
Stomatological Clinic, University of Vilnius, Lithuania.
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 1996 Feb;54(1):75-80
Date
Feb-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Baltic States - epidemiology
Child
DMF Index
Dental Caries - epidemiology
Dietary Carbohydrates - administration & dosage
Ethnic Groups
Female
Fluorides - analysis
Humans
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Oral Hygiene - statistics & numerical data
Poland - ethnology
Prevalence
Russia - ethnology
Sex Factors
Sucrose - administration & dosage
Water Supply - analysis
Abstract
Contrary to what is observed in many Western societies, the caries prevalence among children and adolescents in the Baltic States remains high. The aims of the present study were to describe the caries prevalence and oral hygiene among 7-, 12-, and 15-year-old Lithuanians and to correlate the caries prevalence with fluoride content in the drinking water, oral hygiene, gender, ethnicity, and pattern of sugar consumption. The investigation was based on cluster samples, and the clinical investigation was performed in accordance with criteria defined by WHO. High DMFT values were registered (mean DMFT = 1.3 among 7-year-olds; DMFT = 4.9 among 12-year-olds and 7.0 among 15-year-olds) and were associated with low fluoride content in the drinking water and poor oral hygiene. Girls showed higher DMFT values than boys. No correlation between pattern of sugar consumption and caries prevalence could be disclosed.
PubMed ID
8669245 View in PubMed
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[Character of nutrition of the Minsk population and its relation with ischemic heart disease].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature219379
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1994;(3):50-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
R F Fomina
I D Kozlov
V V Apanasevich
A M Likhoshva
V S Kolesnikov
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1994;(3):50-2
Date
1994
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol Drinking
Diet
Energy intake
Estonia - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Ischemia - epidemiology
Nutritional Status
Republic of Belarus - epidemiology
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
A standard one-day diet questionnaire survey covered 1025 subjects (490 males and 535 females) aged 20-59 living in the city of Minsk. They were examined in the Research Cardiology Institute of Belarus within the scope of the program on integral prevention of chronic noninfectious disease. The results of the study showed the examinees' diet to be unbalanced with an atherogenic trend: excessive fat, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol against insufficient carbohydrates, starch, polyunsaturated fatty acids. Total energy value of the food and alcohol consumption of the studied population were lower than those of the matched population of Lithuania, Moscow and Tallin. No significant relationship was revealed between alimentary characteristics of the Minsk population and occurrence of ischemic heart disease in the examinees.
PubMed ID
7975435 View in PubMed
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65 records – page 1 of 7.