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155 records – page 1 of 16.

[3 cases of viral carriage detected during screening for HIV antibodies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226768
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1991
Author
E M Shelukhina
E V Chekunova
G R Matsevich
I A Okunev
S S Marennikova
M R Zak
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Date
Mar-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Blood Donors
Carrier State - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology - immunology
HIV-1 - immunology
Humans
Immunoblotting
Lithuania - epidemiology
Mass Screening - methods
Moscow - epidemiology
Risk factors
Abstract
The results of screening more than 23,000 serum samples from persons belonging to risk groups, as well as those not belonging to such groups, in Moscow, Vilnius and Klaipeda are presented. Screening was carried out with the use of an assay system manufactured by the Scientific and Industrial Amalgamation "Antigen" (USSR). In this screening 3 HIV carriers were detected; of these, 2 were foreign students from two African countries.
PubMed ID
1872091 View in PubMed
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(3)H activity comparison between FTMC, VNIIM and LNE-LNHB.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature278451
Source
Appl Radiat Isot. 2016 Mar;109:41-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2016
Author
Philippe Cassette
Paulius Butkus
Arunas Gudelis
Tatiana Shilnikova
Source
Appl Radiat Isot. 2016 Mar;109:41-3
Date
Mar-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
France
Internationality
Laboratories - standards
Lithuania
Nuclear Medicine - standards
Radiation Dosage
Radiometry - standards
Reference Values
Reproducibility of Results
Russia
Scintillation Counting
Sensitivity and specificity
Tritium - analysis - standards
Abstract
An activity comparison of tritiated water was organized in 2013 between 3 laboratories: FTMC (Lithuania), LNE-LNHB (France) and VNIIM (Russia). The solution was prepared by LNHB and ampoules were sent to the others laboratories. This solution was standardized in terms of activity per unit mass by participant laboratories using the Triple to Double Coincidence Ratio (TDCR) method in liquid scintillation counting (LSC). The tritiated water solution is traceable to the solution prepared by LNHB for the CCRI(II)-K2.H-3 2009 (3)H international comparison.
PubMed ID
26651170 View in PubMed
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Abuse and neglect of older persons in seven cities in seven countries in Europe: a cross-sectional community study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature121931
Source
Int J Public Health. 2013 Feb;58(1):121-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2013
Author
Jutta Lindert
Juan de Luna
Francisco Torres-Gonzales
Henrique Barros
Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kopolou
Maria Gabriella Melchiorre
Mindaugas Stankunas
Gloria Macassa
Joaquim F J Soares
Author Affiliation
Protestant University of Applied Sciences Ludwigsburg, Ludwigsburg, Germany. mail@jlindert.de
Source
Int J Public Health. 2013 Feb;58(1):121-32
Date
Feb-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Elder Abuse - economics - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Emigrants and Immigrants - classification
Female
Germany
Greece
Humans
Italy
Lithuania
Logistic Models
Male
Marital status
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Portugal
Prevalence
Residence Characteristics
Sex Factors
Social Class
Spain
Sweden
Abstract
We aimed to investigate the prevalence rate of abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial, neglect) of older persons (AO) in seven cities from seven countries in Europe (Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, Sweden), and to assess factors potentially associated with AO.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009 (n = 4,467, aged 60-84). Potentially associated factors were grouped into domains (domain 1: age, gender, migration history; domain 2: education, occupation; domain 3: marital status, living situation; domain 4: habitation, income, financial strain). We calculated odds ratios (OR) with their respective 95 % confidence intervals (CI).
Psychological AO was the most common form of AO, ranging from 10.4 % (95 % CI 8.1-13.0) in Italy to 29.7 % (95 % CI 26.2-33.5) in Sweden. Second most common form was financial AO, ranging from 1.8 % (95 % CI 0.9-3.2) in Sweden to 7.8 % (95 % CI 5.8-10.1) in Portugal. Less common was physical AO, ranging from 1.0 % (95 % CI 0.4-2.1) in Italy to 4.0 % (95 % CI 2.6-5.8 %) in Sweden. Sexual AO was least common, ranging from 0.3 (95 % CI 0.0-1.1) in Italy and Spain to 1.5 % (95 % CI 0.7-2.8) in Greece. Being from Germany (AOR 3.25, 95 % CI 2.34-4.51), Sweden (OR 3.16, 95 % CI 2.28-4.39) or Lithuania (AOR 2.45, 95 % CI 1.75-3.43) was associated with increased prevalence rates of AO.
Country of residence of older people is independent from the four assessed domains associated with AO. Life course perspectives on AO are highly needed to get better insight, and to develop and implement prevention strategies targeted at decreasing prevalence rates of AO.
PubMed ID
22864651 View in PubMed
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[A comparative evaluation of the electric impulse treatment of atrial fibrillation based on the data from 2 clinics. 2. The late results].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222308
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(8):29-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
A V Nedostup
M A Alekseevskaia
A I Lukoshevichute
I R Pechiulene
Iu V Vaitekunene
I V Maevskaia
A L Syrkin
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(8):29-31
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Atrial Fibrillation - epidemiology - etiology - therapy
Electric Countershock - statistics & numerical data
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lithuania - epidemiology
Moscow - epidemiology
Recurrence
Time Factors
Abstract
Long-term results of electroimpulse treatment for cardiac fibrillation in 1292 patients performed in cardiological clinics of Moscow and Kaunas have been compared. It is shown that more strict selection, longer preparation for the impulse exposure may secure a significant decrease in the number of the fibrillation recurrences both 1 and 6 months after recovery of the normal rhythm.
PubMed ID
8211796 View in PubMed
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Adipose tissue fatty acids in men from two populations with different cardiovascular risk: the LiVicordia study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54224
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 May;59(3):227-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1999
Author
A. Kaminskas
B. Ziedén
B. Elving
M. Kristenson
A. Abaravicius
B. Bergdahl
A G Olsson
Z. Kucinskiene
Author Affiliation
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 May;59(3):227-32
Date
May-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adipose Tissue - chemistry
Body mass index
Comparative Study
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - metabolism
Diet, Atherogenic
Dietary Fats - analysis
Fatty Acids - analysis
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated - analysis
Humans
Lipid Peroxidation - physiology
Lipoproteins, LDL - metabolism
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Myristic Acid - analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
alpha-Linolenic Acid - analysis
Abstract
The LiVicordia study was set up to investigate possible causes for coronary heart disease mortality in middle-aged Lithuanian men being four times higher than in Swedish men. In a previous part of this study we found lower total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the Lithuanian men in spite of them having a higher fat intake than in the Swedish men. Their LDL was also more susceptible to oxidation in vitro than was that of the Swedish men. Fat quality can influence LDL oxidation. In order to obtain data on long-term fat quality intake we measured the fatty acid composition of abdominal wall adipose tissue by gas chromatography in men aged 50 years from Vilnius, Lithuania (n=50) and Linköping, Sweden (n=50). Men from Vilnius had a significantly higher percentage of adipose tissue long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (20:4n6, 20:5n3, 22:5n5, 22:6n3) and lower percentage of saturated fatty acids, especially myristic acid (14:0), 3.4+/-0.7 versus 4.6+/-0.8, p
PubMed ID
10400167 View in PubMed
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Alcohol consumption in Lithuanian school-aged children during 1994-2002.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9330
Source
Medicina (Kaunas). 2004;40(11):1117-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Linas Sumskas
Apolinaras Zaborskis
Author Affiliation
Institute for Biomedical Research, Kaunas University of Medicine, Eiveniu 4, 50009 Kaunas, Lithuania. linas@kmu.lt
Source
Medicina (Kaunas). 2004;40(11):1117-23
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Beer
Child
Comparative Study
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Female
Humans
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Random Allocation
Sampling Studies
Sex Factors
Abstract
Alcohol consumption becomes an important social and health problem among youth in many countries. Analysis of data on alcohol consumption behavior from World Health Organization Cross-National Study on Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) is presented in the article. This survey is carried out in majority of European countries including Lithuania. Aim of this study was to analyze features and trends of alcohol consumption among representative sample of 11, 13 and 15-year-old school children and to compare results with international data. METHODS: Patterns and trends of alcohol consumption were analyzed in three cross sectional questionnaire surveys of the representative sample of Lithuanian secondary school student's aged 11, 13 and 15 years in 1994, 1998 and 2002. Respectively, 5428, 4513 and 5645 respondents have filled in the questionnaires anonymously in the classroom according the methodology of international HBSC study. RESULTS: Boys were using alcohol on the regular basis (once a week or more often) more frequently than girls. Prevalence of regular alcohol consumption has increased from 9.4 to 13.6% in boys and from 4.2% to 6.5% in girls (p
PubMed ID
15547314 View in PubMed
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Alcohol consumption in the Baltic Republics.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198583
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 May;54(5):361-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2000
Author
M. McKee
J. Pomerleau
A. Robertson
I. Pudule
D. Grinberga
K. Kadziauskiene
A. Abaravicius
S. Vaask
Author Affiliation
European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT.
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 May;54(5):361-6
Date
May-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Beer
Cross-Sectional Studies
Estonia - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Latvia - epidemiology
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Russia - ethnology
Social Class
Socioeconomic Factors
Wine
Abstract
Premature mortality associated with alcohol intake is of particular concern in several countries of the former Soviet Union. This study explored self reported alcohol consumption (beer, wine, spirits) and its determinants in the Baltic Republics.
Cross sectional surveys conducted in 1997.
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Representative samples of adults age 19-64 (Estonia n=2010; Latvia n=2258; Lithuania n=2139).
Between country differences in the frequency of alcohol intake were estimated. The odds of consuming alcohol weekly according to socioeconomic characteristics (age, ethnicity, rural/urban area, education, income) were calculated using multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusting for all variables simultaneously.
The proportion of respondents consuming alcohol weekly varied by country (p
Notes
Cites: Addiction. 1999 Jun;94(6):857-6610665075
Cites: J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 May;54(5):328-3210814651
Cites: J Stud Alcohol. 1993 May;54(3):334-448487543
Cites: Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1994 Feb;18(1):88-968198232
Cites: J Epidemiol Community Health. 1999 May;53(5):277-8210396533
Cites: Lancet. 1997 Aug 9;350(9075):383-89259651
Cites: BMJ. 1998 Aug 1;317(7154):312-89685275
Cites: J R Soc Med. 1998 Aug;91(8):402-79816353
Cites: BMJ. 1995 Jun 24;310(6995):1668-97795463
PubMed ID
10814657 View in PubMed
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An analysis of the existing resources in relation to education and treatment of diabetes in four European countries: Estonia, Finland, Ireland, and Lithuania.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature137696
Source
Appl Nurs Res. 2011 May;24(2):118-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2011
Author
Aileen Burton
Ìrma Mikkonen
Catherine Buckley
Sile Creedon
Marja-Anneli Hynynen
Marit Kiljako
Lilija Kuzminskiene
Patricia Leahy-Warren
Inga Mikutaviciene
Seija Puputti
Vilma Rasteniene
Riita Riikonen
Piret Simm
Eve-Merike Soovali
Arja-Irene Tiainen
Ritva Väistö
Author Affiliation
Catherine McAuley School of Nursing and Midwifery, University College Cork, Ireland. a.burton@ucc.ie
Source
Appl Nurs Res. 2011 May;24(2):118-23
Date
May-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cost of Illness
Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology - therapy
Estonia - epidemiology
Finland - epidemiology
Health Care Rationing
Humans
Ireland - epidemiology
Lithuania - epidemiology
Patient Education as Topic
Prevalence
Abstract
Diabetes has reached pandemic proportions worldwide. To address and assist health care professionals in maintaining and updating their knowledge base on diabetes care, a multilateral project within the framework of the Lifelong Learning Programme and the Erasmus Curriculum Development - sub programme was initiated in 2008. Four European countries are involved in the project - Estonia, Finland, Ireland and Lithuania. Across all four countries the prevalence of diabetes is rising rapidly. The project's (DIPRA - Counselling for Practice - a pilot of improving counselling quality of diabetes) main product will be an on-line study module on patient education and counselling for health care professionals. The management of diabetes demands a broad range of skills which include, communication, leadership, counselling, teaching and research to name but a few. While it is acknowledged that nurses can incorporate these skills into practice and so benefit the care of the patient there is no uniformity across the four countries studied as to what constitutes a specialist diabetes nurse. The study module and all the materials (databank, on-line lectures, and interactive exercises) will be developed in English and translated into partners' national languages (Estonian, Finnish, Lithuanian) to maximize the accessibility of all professionals in partner countries.
Notes
Comment In: Appl Nurs Res. 2011 May;24(2):124-521193291
PubMed ID
21255975 View in PubMed
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Antibiotic prescription and clinical management of common infections among general practitioners in Latvia, Lithuania, and Sweden: a pilot survey with a simple protocol.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature294307
Source
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2018 Feb; 37(2):355-361
Publication Type
Journal Article
Observational Study
Date
Feb-2018
Author
Uga Dumpis
Annika Hahlin
Sonata Varvuolyte
Stephan Stenmark
Sarmite Veide
Rolanda Valinteliene
Asta Jurkeviciene
Johan Struwe
Author Affiliation
Pauls Stradins University Hospital, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
Source
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2018 Feb; 37(2):355-361
Date
Feb-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Observational Study
Keywords
Adult
Amdinocillin Pivoxil - therapeutic use
Amoxicillin - therapeutic use
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Bacterial Infections - drug therapy
Clavulanic Acid - therapeutic use
Cross-Sectional Studies
Drug Prescriptions - statistics & numerical data
Female
Floxacillin - therapeutic use
General Practitioners - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Latvia
Lithuania
Male
Penicillin V - therapeutic use
Practice Patterns, Physicians' - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Young Adult
Abstract
Comparative information on diagnosis-related antibiotic prescribing patterns are scarce from primary care within and between countries. To describe and compare antibiotic prescription and routine management of infections in primary care in Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT) and two study sites in Sweden (SE), a cross-sectional observational study on patients who consulted due to sypmtoms compatible with infection was undetraken. Infection and treatment was detected and recorded by physicians only. Data was collected from altogether 8786 consecutive patients with infections in the three countries. Although the overall proportion of patients receiving an antibiotic prescription was similar in all three countries (LV and LT 42%, SE 38%), there were differences in the rate of prescription between the countries depending on the respective diagnoses. While penicillins dominated among prescriptions (LV 58%, LT 67%, SE 70%), phenoxymethylpenicillin was most commonly prescribed in Sweden (57% of all penicillins), while it was amoxicillin with or without clavulanic acid in Latvia (99%) and Lithuania (85%) respectively. Pivmecillinam and flucloxacillin, which accounted for 29% of penicillins in Sweden, were available neither in Latvia nor in Lithuania. The applied methodology was simple, and provided useful information on differences in treatment of common infections in ambulatory care in the absence of available computerized diagnosis-prescription data. Despite some limitations, the method can be used for assessment of intention to treat and compliance to treatment guidelines and benchmarking locally, nationally, or internationally, just as the point prevalence surveys (PPS) protocols have been used in hospitals all over Europe.
Notes
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PubMed ID
29218467 View in PubMed
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155 records – page 1 of 16.