Skip header and navigation

Refine By

173 records – page 1 of 18.

Adolescent experience predicts longevity: evidence from historical epidemiology.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature260065
Source
J Dev Orig Health Dis. 2014 Jun;5(3):171-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2014
Author
A. Falconi
A. Gemmill
R E Dahl
R. Catalano
Source
J Dev Orig Health Dis. 2014 Jun;5(3):171-7
Date
Jun-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Development - physiology
Cohort Studies
England - epidemiology
Female
Forecasting
France - epidemiology
Humans
Life Expectancy - trends
Longevity - physiology
Male
Sweden - epidemiology
Wales - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
Human development reportedly includes critical and sensitive periods during which environmental stressors can affect traits that persist throughout life. Controversy remains over which of these periods provides an opportunity for such stressors to affect health and longevity. The elaboration of reproductive biology and its behavioral sequelae during adolescence suggests such a sensitive period, particularly among males. We test the hypothesis that life expectancy at age 20 among males exposed to life-threatening stressors during early adolescence will fall below that among other males. We apply time-series methods to cohort mortality data in France between 1816 and 1919, England and Wales between 1841 and 1919, and Sweden between 1861 and 1919. Our results indicate an inverse association between cohort death rates at ages 10-14 and cohort life expectancy at age 20. Our findings imply that better-informed and more strategic management of the stressors encountered by early adolescents may improve population health.
PubMed ID
24901655 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adult health in the Russian Federation: more than just a health problem.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature162459
Source
Health Aff (Millwood). 2007 Jul-Aug;26(4):1040-51
Publication Type
Article
Author
Patricio Marquez
Marc Suhrcke
Martin McKee
Lorenzo Rocco
Author Affiliation
World Bank. Washington, DC, USA. pmarquez@worldbank.org
Source
Health Aff (Millwood). 2007 Jul-Aug;26(4):1040-51
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adult
Birth Rate - trends
Chronic Disease - economics - epidemiology
Cost of Illness
Delivery of Health Care - economics - standards - trends
Female
Health Care Costs - trends
Health status
Humans
Life Expectancy - trends
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality - trends
Risk-Taking
Russia - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Social Conditions
Wounds and Injuries - mortality
Abstract
In this paper we discuss the Russian adult health crisis and its implications. Although some hope that economic growth will trigger improvements in health, we argue that a scenario is more likely in which the unfavorable health status would become a barrier to economic growth. We also show that ill health is negatively affecting the economic well-being of individuals and households. We provide suggestions on interventions to improve health conditions in the Russian Federation, and we show that if health improvements are achieved, this will result in substantial economic gains in the future.
PubMed ID
17630447 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Aging of population in Russia and Ukraine: look into the future]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature87424
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2007;20(2):14-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
Pirozhkov S I
Safarova G L
Shcherbov S Ia
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2007;20(2):14-22
Date
2007
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aging - physiology
Female
Forecasting
Humans
Life Expectancy - trends
Male
Russia
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper aims at comparative analysis of future trends of population ageing in Russia and Ukraine. The UN Population Prospects (The 2004 Revision) and probabilistic projections for Russia and Ukraine up to the year 2050 are analyzed. A number of ageing characteristics (proportions of the population aged 65+ and 80+, old age dependency ratio, median age) are considered.
PubMed ID
18306685 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Aging of population in Russia as cause of increase in mortality from diseases of blood circulation system].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature167297
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2006 May-Jun;(3):8-16
Publication Type
Article

Alcohol and Russian mortality: a continuing crisis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature149112
Source
Addiction. 2009 Oct;104(10):1630-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2009
Author
David A Leon
Vladimir M Shkolnikov
Martin McKee
Author Affiliation
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
Source
Addiction. 2009 Oct;104(10):1630-6
Date
Oct-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects - mortality
Alcohol-Related Disorders - mortality
Alcoholic Beverages - statistics & numerical data
Bias (epidemiology)
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology - mortality
Cause of Death
Child
Data Collection - methods
Ethanol - poisoning
Female
Humans
Infant
Life Expectancy - trends
Male
Middle Aged
Public Health
Russia - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
Russia remains in the grip of a mortality crisis in which alcohol plays a central role. In 2007, male life expectancy at birth was 61 years, while for females it was 74 years. Alcohol is implicated particularly in deaths among working-age men.
To review the current state of knowledge about the contribution of alcohol to the continuing very high mortality seen among Russian adults
Conservative estimates attribute 31-43% of deaths among working-age men to alcohol. This latter estimate would imply a minimum of 170 000 excess deaths due to hazardous alcohol consumption in Russia per year. Men drink appreciably more than women in Russia. Hazardous drinking is most prevalent among people with low levels of education and those who are economically disadvantaged, partly because some of the available sources of ethanol are very cheap and easy to obtain. The best estimates available suggest that per capita consumption among adults is 15-18 litres of pure ethanol per year. However, reliable estimation of the total volume of alcohol consumed per capita in Russia is very difficult because of the diversity of sources of ethanol that are available, for many of which data do not exist. These include both illegal spirits, as well as legal non-beverage alcohols (such as medicinal tinctures). In 2006 regulations were introduced aimed at reducing the production and sale of non-beverage alcohols that are commonly drunk. These appear to have been only partially successful.
There is convincing evidence that alcohol plays an important role in explaining high mortality in Russia, in particular among working age men. However, there remain important uncertainties about the precise scale of the problem and about the health effects of the distinctive pattern of alcohol consumption that is prevalent in Russia today. While there is a need for further research, enough is known to justify the development of a comprehensive inter-sectoral alcohol control strategy. The recent fall in life expectancy in Russia should give a renewed urgency to attempts to move the policy agenda forward.
PubMed ID
19681805 View in PubMed
Less detail

An investigation of the growing number of deaths of unidentified people in Russia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature159626
Source
Eur J Public Health. 2008 Jun;18(3):252-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2008
Author
Evgueni Andreev
William Alex Pridemore
Vladimir M Shkolnikov
Olga I Antonova
Author Affiliation
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Konrad Zuse Strasse 1, Rostock 18057, Germany.
Source
Eur J Public Health. 2008 Jun;18(3):252-7
Date
Jun-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol-Related Disorders - mortality
Case-Control Studies
Homeless Persons - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Life Expectancy - trends
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality - trends
Russia - epidemiology
Social Isolation
Abstract
We examined mortality among working-age Russian men whose identity could not be determined, focusing on where and how they died.
Employing micro-data from deaths that occurred in Izhevsk (Ural region) between June 2004 and September 2005, we analysed the characteristics of decedent men aged 25-54 (n = 2158). Differences between completely identified (n = 1699) and unidentified deaths (n = 282) were compared via logistic regression. Data on all deaths in Russia in 2002 were used for supplemental comparisons.
We found that relative to identified men, unidentified men were at a higher risk of death from exposure to natural cold, violence, alcoholic cardiomyopathy, acute respiratory infections and poisonings. Our results also revealed that alcohol played an important role in the mortality of unidentified men. The places and causes of death among these unidentified men provide substantial evidence of their homelessness and social isolation.
The increase in deaths among unidentified men of working-age indicates the emergence of a health threat associated with homelessness and social marginalization. This vulnerable group is exposed to different levels and causes of mortality compared with the larger population and represent a new challenge that requires serious and immediate scholarly attention and policy responses.
Notes
Cites: BMJ. 2001 Nov 3;323(7320):1051-511691766
Cites: Addiction. 2002 Nov;97(11):1413-2512410782
Cites: Soc Sci Med. 2003 Oct;57(8):1343-5412927465
Cites: JAMA. 1998 Mar 11;279(10):790-19508158
Cites: Lancet. 2007 Jun 16;369(9578):2001-917574092
Cites: Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Oct;29(10):1884-816269919
Cites: Psychiatr Serv. 2006 Apr;57(4):44716603735
Cites: Addiction. 2006 Dec;101(12):1719-2917156171
Cites: BMJ. 1998 Aug 1;317(7154):312-89685275
PubMed ID
18160388 View in PubMed
Less detail

Association of Household Income With Life Expectancy and Cause-Specific Mortality in Norway, 2005-2015.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature302746
Source
JAMA. 2019 05 21; 321(19):1916-1925
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
05-21-2019
Author
Jonas Minet Kinge
Jørgen Heibø Modalsli
Simon Øverland
Håkon Kristian Gjessing
Mette Christophersen Tollånes
Ann Kristin Knudsen
Vegard Skirbekk
Bjørn Heine Strand
Siri Eldevik Håberg
Stein Emil Vollset
Author Affiliation
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
Source
JAMA. 2019 05 21; 321(19):1916-1925
Date
05-21-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cause of Death
Female
Humans
Income
Life Expectancy - trends
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality - trends
Norway - epidemiology
Registries
United States - epidemiology
Abstract
Examining causes of death and making comparisons across countries may increase understanding of the income-related differences in life expectancy.
To describe income-related differences in life expectancy and causes of death in Norway and to compare those differences with US estimates.
A registry-based study including all Norwegian residents aged at least 40 years from 2005 to 2015.
Household income adjusted for household size.
Life expectancy at 40 years of age and cause-specific mortality.
In total, 3 041 828 persons contributed 25 805 277 person-years and 441?768 deaths during the study period (mean [SD] age, 59.3 years [13.6]; mean [SD] number of household members per person, 2.5 [1.3]). Life expectancy was highest for women with income in the top 1% (86.4 years [95% CI, 85.7-87.1]) which was 8.4 years (95% CI, 7.2-9.6) longer than women with income in the lowest 1%. Men with the lowest 1% income had the lowest life expectancy (70.6 years [95% CI, 69.6-71.6]), which was 13.8 years (95% CI, 12.3-15.2) less than men with the top 1% income. From 2005 to 2015, the differences in life expectancy by income increased, largely attributable to deaths from cardiovascular disease, cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and dementia in older age groups and substance use deaths and suicides in younger age groups. Over the same period, life expectancy for women in the highest income quartile increased 3.2 years (95% CI, 2.7-3.7), while life expectancy for women in the lowest income quartile decreased 0.4 years (95% CI, -1.0 to 0.2). For men, life expectancy increased 3.1 years (95% CI, 2.5-3.7) in the highest income quartile and 0.9 years (95% CI, 0.2-1.6) in the lowest income quartile. Differences in life expectancy by income levels in Norway were similar to differences observed in the United States, except that life expectancy was higher in Norway in the lower to middle part of the income distribution in both men and women.
In Norway, there were substantial and increasing gaps in life expectancy by income level from 2005 to 2015. The largest differences in life expectancy between Norway and United States were for individuals in the lower to middle part of the income distribution.
Notes
CommentIn: JAMA. 2019 May 21;321(19):1877-1879 PMID 31083727
PubMed ID
31083722 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A strategy of health for all--are we reaching our target to reduce mortality?]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24547
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1992 Jan 10;112(1):57-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-10-1992
Author
B. Guldvog
Author Affiliation
Seksjon for forebyggende og helsefremmende arbeid, Statens Institutt for Folkehelse, Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1992 Jan 10;112(1):57-63
Date
Jan-10-1992
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cause of Death
Child
Child, Preschool
English Abstract
Female
Health Policy - trends
Health promotion
Humans
Infant
Infant mortality
Infant, Newborn
Life Expectancy - trends
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Norway - epidemiology
World Health Organization
Abstract
In the late seventies the World Health Organization developed a strategy of Health for all towards year 2000, to which Norwegian health authorities have consented. This article presents and discusses the sub-goals for expectation of life and mortality, and analyzes the possibilities of reaching them. The desired reduction of at least 25% in accident mortality rates and cardiovascular mortality rates in relation to the reference period 1976-80 will probably be reached. In addition, the desired 15% reduction in cancer mortality is likely to be reached for persons under 40 years of age. Infant mortality does not appear to be declining, cancer mortality for people over 40 years of age is increasing, and the suicidal and homicidal rates are increasing faster than any other cause of death. The possibilities of reversing this development require a structured plan and comprehensive changes in the way society is organized, with more emphasis on care, social network planning and reduction of the multicausal risk load that modern life implies. Some of the sub-goals are not sufficiently founded on accessible information, and should be revised.
PubMed ID
1553648 View in PubMed
Less detail

173 records – page 1 of 18.