The phenomenological interest to gain insight into the human being with lived experiences characterized as composite, diverse, ambiguous, vague, obvious, and concealed challenged this researcher in the process of doing life-world phenomenology. While researching the phenomenon of suffering, the author sought ways to intensify and evoke the embedded meanings in oral narratives, and he presents a model for poetic condensation of oral narratives to enhance the evocation of the meaning of suffering. Examples of narrated text are compared to the condensed narrative. Reading poetic condensed narratives of suffering has the potential to create a sense of the phenomenon responsive to and shaped by the way suffering is experienced.
Immigration to a new country constitutes a major life change and challenge that can directly and indirectly affect the health of individuals and families. A systematic review was conducted to identify post-migration changes and understand their impact on immigrants' marital relationships in Canada.
Using Noblit and Hare's meta-ethnography steps and Paterson et al.'s meta-data method, we conducted a meta-synthesis of qualitative articles.
Four journal articles and one book chapter met the inclusion criteria. Our synthesis of these studies identified three key themes reflecting the major post-migration changes experienced by couples: changes in gender and sexual relations, loss of social networks and support, and de-skilling and de-professionalization. The importance of communication emerged as a fourth theme that cut across the three key themes. These post-migration changes were common across nine ethnic communities, and affected the couple as a unit as well as individuals within this unit, both negatively and positively. The changes were associated with four outcomes: abuse, separation/divorce, staying with each other, and resilience. The synthesis also showed various pathways that link the post-migration changes and their outcomes.
Understanding post-migration changes, their outcomes, and the pathways that link them is useful in developing health promotion activities to promote couples' resilience as well as health interventions to reduce the negative impact of the changes on couples and individuals. These activities and interventions must be planned at micro, meso, and macro levels of society.
This study is the first in a series of steps aimed at developing a management tool that will provide a technique for screening accident-prone aviators. Because "life change" is found to be a contributing factor to stress and development of illness in both civilian and military populations, the study of life change events in aviators is a reasonable point from which to begin. The Holmes and Rahe Recent Life Change Questionnaire was administered to an experimental group of 158 aviators and two control groups: one group of 127 ground crew who were matched for age and location, and a group of 46 who were matched for rank. Significant differences were found between some of the subgroups but there were no significant differences between the experimental group and either of the control groups. Nonetheless, this aviator population is functioning at a level of life change-induced stress which would normally predict health changes in 50% of the general population. Therefore, it is concluded, the effect of excessive life change as a contributing factor to personal stress and illness or accident merits further study.
The concept of a male climacteric as a parallel to the female climacteric appeared in both popular and scientific literature before 1940. The present population study describes the ideas regarding a male climacteric reported by a sample of men at the ages of 40, 45 and 51. The proportion who believed in the occurrence of a male climacteric decreased as the men became older, although 30% still believed in the phenomenon at the age of 51. Around a fifth (18%) of the 51-year-old men had felt or still felt that they were climacteric. This feeling was significantly related to the men's concern about a climacteric partner and to the presence of 'hot flushes or sweating' in the men. No relation was found with either the men's hormone levels (serum luteinizing hormone and serum free testosterone), or the myths that often surrounded the midlife crisis. The male climacteric therefore seems to serve as an explanation for various common non-specific complaints.