Journal of the Medical Library Association , and Associate Dean, Library and Telehealth Services, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, 2160 South First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
A survey was conducted of health sciences libraries to obtain information about newer buildings, additions, remodeling, and renovations.
An online survey was developed, and announcements of survey availability posted to three major email discussion lists: Medical Library Association (MLA), Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries (AAHSL), and MEDLIB-L. Previous discussions of library building projects on email discussion lists, a literature review, personal communications, and the author's consulting experiences identified additional projects.
Seventy-eight health sciences library building projects at seventy-three institutions are reported. Twenty-two are newer facilities built within the last ten years; two are space expansions; forty-five are renovation projects; and nine are combinations of new and renovated space. Six institutions report multiple or ongoing renovation projects during the last ten years.
The survey results confirm a continuing migration from print-based to digitally based collections and reveal trends in library space design. Some health sciences libraries report loss of space as they move toward creating space for "community" building. Libraries are becoming more proactive in using or retooling space for concentration, collaboration, contemplation, communication, and socialization. All are moving toward a clearer operational vision of the library as the institution's information nexus and not merely as a physical location with print collections.
Cites: Bull Med Libr Assoc. 1999 Oct;87(4):415-3610550027
Cites: J Med Libr Assoc. 2002 Oct;90(4):437-4112398250
Cites: J Med Libr Assoc. 2003 Jul;91(3):347-5112883559
Cites: Med Ref Serv Q. 2008 Fall;27(3):313-2119042711
Cites: Med Teach. 2006 May;28(3):258-6316753725
Cites: J Med Libr Assoc. 2007 Oct;95(4):394-40717971887
Cites: J Med Libr Assoc. 2005 Jul;93(3):315-2616059421
Series of experiments of Grid-based calculations by Monte-Carlo simulation of molecular conformations have shown that there are classes of problems that could be "gridified" in short time with reasonable efforts. That could awake serious interest in the Grid from the biophysics and biochemistry community. Experiments with scientific problems that include both intensive computations and intensive data interchange have shown that libraries of strategies could provide an effective tool to adapt Grid-node infrastructure to problem structure. Libraries of strategies on different levels of Grid hierarchy--from local clusters to regional segments--could provide an effective usage of Grid resources. Ontologies provide a universal tool to link distributed databases. Besides, ontologies also allow for the formal construction of models of subject areas. These models are the tools to formalize information requests and to construct intellectual queries to information space. There should be a multi-level hierarchy of ontologies and a critical mass of low-level ontologies must be reached in order to build a knowledge space for a subject area.
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based decision making relies on easy access to trustworthy research results. The Cochrane Library is a key source of evidence about the effect of interventions and aims to "promote the accessibility of systematic reviews to anyone wanting to make a decision about health care". We explored how health professionals found, used and experienced The Library, looking at facets of user experience including findability, usability, usefulness, credibility, desirability and value. METHODS: We carried out 32 one-hour usability tests on participants from Norway and the UK. Participants both browsed freely and attempted to perform individually tailored tasks while "thinking aloud". Sessions were recorded and viewed in real time by researchers. Transcriptions and videos were reviewed by one researcher and one designer. Findings reported here reflect issues receiving a high degree of saturation and that we judge to be critical to the user experience of evidence-based web sites, based on principles for usability heuristics, web guidelines and evidence-based practice. RESULTS: Participants had much difficulty locating both the site and its contents. Non-native English speakers were at an extra disadvantage when retrieving relevant documents despite high levels of English-language skills. Many participants displayed feelings of ineptitude, alienation and frustration. Some made serious mistakes in correctly distinguishing between different information types, for instance reviews, review protocols, and individual studies. Although most expressed a high regard for the site's credibility, some later displayed a mistrust of the independence of the information. Others were overconfident, thinking everything on The Cochrane Library site shared the same level of quality approval. CONCLUSION: Paradoxically, The Cochrane Library, established to support easy access to research evidence, has its own problems of accessibility. Health professionals' experiences of this and other evidence-based online resources can be improved by applying existing principles for web usability, prioritizing the development of simple search functionality, emitting "researcher" jargon, consistent marking of site ownership, and clear signposting of different document types and different content quality.