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An objective system for measuring facial attractiveness.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature167742
Source
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 Sep;118(3):757-74; discussion 775-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2006
Author
Mounir Bashour
Author Affiliation
University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. bashour@email.com
Source
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 Sep;118(3):757-74; discussion 775-6
Date
Sep-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Algorithms
Beauty
Canada
Cephalometry
Culture
Data Collection
Esthetics - psychology
Face
Facial Asymmetry - psychology
Female
Humans
Internet
Libido
Linear Models
Male
Models, Theoretical
Photography
Reference Standards
Sex Characteristics
Social Desirability
Students - psychology
Abstract
Research over the past 20 years has shown that judgments of facial attractiveness are universal; people from all cultures and backgrounds rank and rate faces for attractiveness the same. As such a model for objectively rating facial attractiveness is theoretically plausible, if designed, it would have many uses, including outcomes analysis in plastic surgery of the face. The authors tested a schematic facial composite/prototype mathematical model (the phi mask created by Dr. Stephen Marquardt) as a method for measuring facial attractiveness in an objective manner.
Thirty-seven male and 35 female faces of 18- to 30-year-old whites of European extraction were rated, as were 31 composite faces of each sex using both Internet and direct survey judges. The faces were tested against the phi mask model analyzing deviations of facial anthropometric points from corresponding phi mask nodal points using equivalent weightings, and weightings arrived at by way of multiple linear regression.
The deviation from the phi mask significantly correlates with attractiveness, explaining from 25 to 75 percent of the variance in attractiveness judgments, depending on the methodology used.
The phi mask model supports averageness or prototypicality of the face as being the major component of the facial attractiveness gestalt and is a first step in producing an objective system for measuring facial attractiveness.
Notes
Comment In: Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007 May;119(6):1952-3; author reply 1953-417440389
PubMed ID
16932187 View in PubMed
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Antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction during treatment with moclobemide, paroxetine, sertraline, and venlafaxine.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198452
Source
J Clin Psychiatry. 2000 Apr;61(4):276-81
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2000
Author
S H Kennedy
B S Eisfeld
S E Dickens
J R Bacchiochi
R M Bagby
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Ontario, Canada. sidney_kennedy@camh.net
Source
J Clin Psychiatry. 2000 Apr;61(4):276-81
Date
Apr-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cyclohexanols - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Depressive Disorder - drug therapy - psychology
Female
Humans
Libido - drug effects
Male
Middle Aged
Moclobemide - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Ontario - epidemiology
Orgasm - drug effects
Paroxetine - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Prevalence
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales - statistics & numerical data
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Sertraline - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Sex Factors
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological - chemically induced - diagnosis - epidemiology
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Recent reports suggest that adverse effects on sexual function occur in up to 50% of patients who are treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants. Previously cited low rates were more likely a function of underreporting than underoccurrence. There is less evidence about rates of dysfunction with serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) and reversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase A (RIMA) antidepressants. The purpose of this report is to evaluate disturbances in sexual drive/desire and arousal/orgasm in 107 patients who met criteria for major depressive disorder and received treatment with either moclobemide, paroxetine, sertraline, or venlafaxine.
All consenting eligible patients who met DSM-IV criteria for major depressive disorder completed the Sexual Functioning Questionnaire, version 1 (SFQ) and were assessed using the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) prior to and after 8 or 14 weeks of antidepressant therapy. Analyses were carried out to examine the effect of gender, drug type, pretreatment level of sexual dysfunction, and drug response on reported sexual dysfunction.
Compared with women, men experienced a significantly greater level of drug-related impairment in drive/desire (p
PubMed ID
10830148 View in PubMed
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Assessment of male sexual function by the Brief Sexual Function Inventory.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature74876
Source
BJU Int. 2006 Feb;97(2):316-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
Arnstein Mykletun
Alv A Dahl
Michael P O'Leary
Sophie D Fosså
Author Affiliation
Research Centre for Health Promotion, University of Bergen, 5015 Bergen, Norway.
Source
BJU Int. 2006 Feb;97(2):316-23
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Coitus
Ejaculation
Health Surveys
Humans
Libido
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Penile Erection
Personal Satisfaction
Questionnaires
Reference Values
Sexual Behavior
Sexual Partners
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To present normative data from Norway using the Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory (BSFI, the first patient self-administered questionnaire to assess male sexuality, and used in the USA) in men aged 20-79 years, examine the psychometric properties of the BSFI, explore the impact of sexual function and other variables on overall sexual satisfaction, and compare American and Norwegian normative data. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From public official address lists 3500 men aged 20-79 years were invited to take part in an anonymous questionnaire study, including the BSFI. Altogether 1185 (34%) responded, and the response rates varied with age. RESULTS: There was increasingly reduced sexual function concerning drive, erection, ejaculation, and problem assessment with age, and most of the age-effect started at >50 years old. Overall sexual satisfaction followed the same trend, but with a weaker association with age. Analyses of factor structure and internal consistency of the BSFI supported a one-factor solution with good internal consistency. Drive, erection, ejaculation, and problem assessment explained 28% of the variance in overall sexual satisfaction. Being younger and having a sexual partner were also associated with high scores of overall sexual satisfaction. American and Norwegian normative data in the BSFI dimensions were markedly similar. CONCLUSION: The BSFI is a short and discrete screening tool for sexual function, and for most clinical and research purposes we recommend using the BSFI as a one-dimensional scale.
PubMed ID
16430637 View in PubMed
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Attitudes and use of pornography in the Norwegian population 2002.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature51968
Source
J Sex Res. 2004 May;41(2):193-200
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2004
Author
Bente Traeen
Kristin Spitznogle
Alexandra Beverfjord
Author Affiliation
University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromso, Norway. bentet@psyk.uit.no.
Source
J Sex Res. 2004 May;41(2):193-200
Date
May-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Attitude to Health
Erotica - psychology
Fantasy
Female
Humans
Libido
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sex Distribution
Sex Factors
Sexual Behavior - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Women - psychology
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze use of pornographic material in a representative sample of adult Norwegians. The data collection was carried out by means of a standardized questionnaire administered via personal telephone interviews. Among the 90% of participants who reported ever having examined pornography, 76% reported examining a pornographic magazine, 67% had watched a pornographic film, and 24% had examined pornography on the Internet. Significant gender differences emerged in the reporting. The percentage of men and women who reported frequent use of pornography was small. We identified three dimensions of attitudes toward pornography: pornography as a means of sexual enhancement, pornography as a moral issue, and social climate. These attitude dimensions were included in path models as intermediating variables between demographic variables (age, gender, and level of education) and frequency of reading or watching pornographic materials. These models explained 36% of the variance in frequency of watching pornographic films, 35% of the variance in frequency of reading pornographic magazines, and 21% of the variance in frequency of watching pornography on the Internet.
PubMed ID
15326544 View in PubMed
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Correlates of men's sexual interest: a cross-cultural study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature257218
Source
J Sex Med. 2014 Jan;11(1):154-64
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2014
Author
Ana Carvalheira
Bente Traeen
Aleksandar Ċ tulhofer
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Psychology, ISPA-Instituto Universitário, Lisbon, Portugal.
Source
J Sex Med. 2014 Jan;11(1):154-64
Date
Jan-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Anxiety - ethnology
Croatia - ethnology
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Depression - ethnology
Erectile Dysfunction - ethnology
Heterosexuality - psychology
Humans
Libido
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Penile Erection
Personal Satisfaction
Portugal - epidemiology
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Sexual Behavior - ethnology
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological - ethnology
Sexual Partners - psychology
Stress, Psychological - ethnology
Young Adult
Abstract
Low sexual desire has been studied more extensively in women than in men.
The study aims to analyze the correlates of distressing lack of sexual interest and the self-assessed reasons for the lack of sexual interest among heterosexual men from three countries.
A web-based survey was completed by 5,255 men aged 18-75 years from Portugal, Croatia, and Norway.
We used an item that assesses lack of sexual interest from the British NATSAL 2000. Anxiety and depression were measured with the SCL-ANX4 and SCL-DEP6. Relationship intimacy was measured using a five-item version of the Emotional Intimacy Scale. A shortened version of the Sexual Boredom Scale was used to assess proneness to sexual boredom in relation to the duration of relationship, and personal distress was evaluated using an item created for this study.
Distressing lack of sexual interest lasting at least 2 months in the previous year was reported by 14.4% of the participants. The most prevalent comorbidity among these men was erectile difficulty (48.7%). Men with low confidence levels in erectile function, not feeling attracted to the partner, and those in long-term relationships were more likely to have experienced lack of sexual interest than were men with high confidence levels and those who felt attracted to their partner and those in shorter-term relationships. Professional stress was the most frequently reported reason for lack of sexual interest. Sexual boredom as a result of a long-term relationship was significantly and negatively correlated with the level of intimacy (r?=?-0.351, P?
PubMed ID
24344639 View in PubMed
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'Did they think I would understand all that on my own?' A questionnaire study about sexuality with Swedish cancer patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116890
Source
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2013 May;22(3):361-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2013
Author
E-M Rasmusson
L. Plantin
E. Elmerstig
Author Affiliation
Department of Oncology, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
Source
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2013 May;22(3):361-9
Date
May-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Humans
Libido - physiology
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - complications - psychology
Patient Education as Topic - standards
Patient satisfaction
Questionnaires
Sexuality
Sweden
Abstract
This study investigates information about the sexual effects of cancer on patients, irrespective of age or diagnosis, in terms of fertility, sexual desire and sexual function. A quantitative study was conducted and the results are based on responses from 106 questionnaires. The results show that 48% of respondents had not received any information in the areas of inquiry. There was a difference between information wished for and provided, and the largest difference was in the question of whether sexual activity should be avoided. A significantly higher number of men than women received information about effects on fertility and sexual desire. The results also showed that information about sexuality needs to be taken into account to a greater extent than is presently being done.
PubMed ID
23350636 View in PubMed
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Discrepancies between sexual desire and sexual activity: gender differences and associations with relationship satisfaction.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature157849
Source
J Sex Marital Ther. 2008;34(1):31-44
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Pekka Santtila
Ingrid Wager
Katarina Witting
Nicole Harlaar
Patrick Jern
Ada Johansson
Markus Varjonen
N Kenneth Sandnabba
Author Affiliation
Center of Excellence in Behavior Genetics, Department of Psychology, Abo Akademi University, Turku, Finland. pekka.santtila@abo.fi
Source
J Sex Marital Ther. 2008;34(1):31-44
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Coitus - psychology
Female
Finland
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Libido
Male
Masturbation - psychology
Orgasm
Personal Satisfaction
Quality of Life
Questionnaires
Self Concept
Sex Factors
Sexual Partners - psychology
Abstract
The nature of sexual satisfaction and its relationship with relationship satisfaction was examined in a population-based Finnish sample of men and women between 33 and 43 years. Both men and women wished to experience kissing and petting, sexual fantasies, oral sex, and vaginal intercourse more often. Sexual satisfaction, defined as no discrepancy between desired frequency and actual frequency of sexual behaviors, was associated with relationship satisfaction. In both sexes, sexual satisfaction with vaginal intercourse as well as kissing and petting was positively associated with relationship satisfaction, whereas higher desired and actual frequency of masturbation were negatively associated with relationship satisfaction.
PubMed ID
18396727 View in PubMed
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Effects of amphetamine on sexual behavior of male i.v. drug users in Stockholm--a pilot study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8203
Source
AIDS Educ Prev. 1992;4(1):6-17
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
K I Käll
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institute, St Görans Hospital, Stockholm.
Source
AIDS Educ Prev. 1992;4(1):6-17
Date
1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - transmission
Adult
Amphetamine - pharmacology
Attitude to Health
Humans
Libido - drug effects
Male
Middle Aged
Orgasm - drug effects
Pilot Projects
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Scandinavia
Sexual Behavior - drug effects
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - complications - epidemiology - psychology
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
Sexual behavior in connection with drug use and its implications for the risk of sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among intravenous drug users (IVDUs) was investigated in a pilot study of 29 men (who injected drugs more than once a week for at least 6 months) at the Remand Prison in Stockholm from November, 1989, to January, 1990. A structured interview focusing on sexual history and current sexual behavior with and without drugs was employed. The median age of the subjects was 32 years. Six were HIV-seropositive. The main drugs presently used were amphetamine (18 men), heroin (9 men) and cocaine (2 men). Of the 29 men, 27 had experience of sexual activity while using amphetamine. Of these, 23 reported that they became more sexually excited when on amphetamine, 21 reported intensified orgasms, and 23 reported that the drug prolonged intercourse. All 29 men had been sexually active, but only 6 of the amphetamine users had had more than 10 partners during the last 3 years. Condom use was very low; it was reported by only 3 men during their last intercourse with a causal partner. The findings suggest that sexual HIV transmission among IVDUs is a clear risk, especially among amphetamine users, and that education about condom use is urgent.
PubMed ID
1543645 View in PubMed
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Female sexual behaviour. A study in a random sample of 40-year-old women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature40924
Source
Maturitas. 1980 Oct;2(3):225-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1980
Author
K. Garde
I. Lunde
Source
Maturitas. 1980 Oct;2(3):225-40
Date
Oct-1980
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Attitude
Child
Comparative Study
Denmark
Ethics, Medical
Female
Homosexuality
Humans
Interview, Psychological
Libido
Male
Menstruation
Middle Aged
Random Allocation
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sexual Behavior
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological - psychology
Statistics
Women
Abstract
This is a sexological study of a random sample of 225 40-yr-old women representative of the Danish female population at the age of 40. These women were questioned by a female physician utilizing a structured interview; 94% of the women invited to participate in this study agreed to do so. The purpose of this research was to elucidate sexual behaviour, experience, knowledge and attitudes. Some of the findings were the following. Menstruation still seems to be a taboo subject; 36% of this population knew little about this topic. 96% of these women had experienced orgasm at least once in their lives and 67.6% had experienced spontaneous libido. Genuine homosexuality appears to be a rare phenomenon. A monogamous heterosexual life style is the norm, as reflected by low number of partners and low frequency of infidelity. Yet, 35% of these woman had sexual problems. There is a need for advice and treatment of sexual difficulties in this population, but these are at present, in Denmark, not generally available.
PubMed ID
7192356 View in PubMed
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58 records – page 1 of 6.