Abdominal injuries occur relatively infrequently during trauma, and they rarely require surgical intervention. In this era of non-operative management of abdominal injuries, surgeons are seldom exposed to these patients. Consequently, surgeons may misinterpret the mechanism of injury, underestimate symptoms and radiologic findings, and delay definite treatment. Here, we determined the incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of traumatic abdominal injuries at our hospital to provide a basis for identifying potential hazards in non-operative management of patients with these injuries in a low trauma volume hospital.
This retrospective study included prehospital and in-hospital assessments of 110 patients that received 147 abdominal injuries from an isolated abdominal trauma (n = 70 patients) or during multiple trauma (n = 40 patients). Patients were primarily treated at the University Hospital of Umeå from January 2000 to December 2009.
The median New Injury Severity Score was 9 (range: 1-57) for 147 abdominal injuries. Most patients (94%) received computed tomography (CT), but only 38% of patients with multiple trauma were diagnosed with CT
Data from the Discharge Abstract Database of the Canadian Institute for Health Information were used to examine acute care hospital days for patients with a mental condition coded as the most responsible diagnosis or a comorbid diagnosis. In 2009/2010, patients with a mental diagnosis represented 11.8% of people who had been hospitalized and 25.5% of acute care hospital days. Those for whom the mental condition was the most responsible diagnosis accounted for 9.0% of hospital days (1.2 million), and those with a comorbid mental diagnosis accounted for 16.5% of hospital days (2.3 million). Mental diagnoses were often associated with physical conditions. The average hospitalization with a mental diagnosis was two and a half times as long as the average for hospitalizations without a mental diagnosis. About one-quarter of hospital days with a mental diagnosis were designated as alternate level of care days.
This paper uses hospital separation abstracts to assess trends in acute care hospital utilization in British Columbia over the first 18 years of publicly funded health insurance in the province. Between 1969 and fiscal year 1987-88, the overall separation rate decreased by 16%, accompanied by a 23% decrease in average length of stay. For the elderly, the separation rate increased by 14% and three quarter of this increase was for surgical procedures, mostly new high-technology procedures. For the nonelderly, separation rates decreased by 25%. Lengths of stay decreased in both age groups. Over the last two decades overall separation rates in British Columbia were higher than or equal to separation rates in the United States, and lengths of stay were consistently higher in British Columbia. Since access to hospitals by the elderly is similar in the two countries, lower hospital costs in Canada result from factors other than lower overall hospital utilization or decreased access for the elderly.
Pediatric LRTI hospitalizations are a significant burden on patients, families, and healthcare systems. This study determined the burden of pediatric LRTIs on hospital settings in British Columbia and the benefits of prevention strategies as they relate to healthcare resource demand.
LRTI inpatient episodes for patients
Cites: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 Sep;25(9):795-80016940836
The epidemiologic triad of causation states that all illness results from a disequilibrium between host, agent and environmental factors. The "illness" investigated in this report--increased LOS--resulted from a combination of: patient factors--the increased prevalence of chronic diseases in childhood, a revolution in neonatal survival and an increase in survivorship in general for severe diseases, such as congenital anomalies and genetic diseases; agent factors--the transition from agents of infectious disease to agents of chronic disease as well as iatrogenesis; and health care environmental factors--equity issues involving the ethics of treatment, changes in medical technology and patterns of medical practice. The use of preadmission testing, increased participation by parents in the care of their children, an investigation of the appropriate venue for care of chronically ill children and the back transfer of recovering children to their home hospitals were recommended and considered by the hospital's administration and board of governors.
This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the usefulness of the Euroscore in the choice and outcome of mitral valve procedures undertaken at the Helsinki University Central Hospital.
Data from 378 patients was collected. predicted mortalities were calculated for all patients using the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation and different mitral valve procedures were compared with 30-day mortality, length of hospital care and rate of post-operative complications.
The mortality rate in the mitral valve repair (MVP) group decreased gradually from 5.9% (in 1999) to 2.2% (2003). The variation of annual mortality was higher in the mitral valve replacement (MVR) group. The predicted mortality given by Euroscore increased over the years in both groups. The mortality in the MVR group was nearly four times higher than in the MVP group. the length of both intensive and overall hospital stay decreased in patients with MVP procedures. Post-operative survival was 89% in the MVP patients and 74% in mvr patients after three years.
The results of mitral valve operations have improved. This is observed as decreased mortality rates and lengths of hospital care in the MVP group, although the predicted mortality rate was increased.
We analyzed all appendectomies in Sweden 1989-1993 (n = 60,306) recorded in the national Inpatient Registry. Our focus was on diagnostic accuracy, incidence rate of appendicitis, perforative appendicitis, and length of stay by day of admission and hospital category. The incidence rate of appendectomy decreased by 9.8% in women compared to 4.1% in men. Since the number of patients with an end diagnosis of appendicitis remained almost constant, diagnostic accuracy increased each year. This was more pronounced in women than men, seen in all hospital categories, and was higher for those admitted during periods of low capacity (weekends/ holidays). Perforated appendicitis did not increase. Duration of hospital stay decreased continuously, especially among the oldest. We found no indications of an increased frequency of complications, such as increases in the incidence rate of perforations or in the length of stay.
Guidelines recommend hospice care for patients with advanced heart failure (HF) who are approaching end of life. However, little is known about the data available when HF patients are admitted to hospice. This pilot study surveyed the staff from 100 hospices in the United States and Canada about how frequently data were provided to or obtained by the hospice when admitting HF patients and how important they perceived the data. The survey response rate was 66%. Overall, data were less often provided or obtained than rated important (aggregate mean difference, P