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6 records – page 1 of 1.

[COMSKILLS: assessing community living skills in offender groups]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature70487
Source
Psychiatr Prax. 2005 Nov;32(8):393-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2005
Author
Thomas Ross
Michael Hintersdorf
Sylvia Hufnagel
Sigrid Konheisner
Rolf Schellbach-Matties
Friedemann Pfäfflin
Author Affiliation
Forensische Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum Ulm. ross@sip.medizin.uni-ulm.de
Source
Psychiatr Prax. 2005 Nov;32(8):393-8
Date
Nov-2005
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Antisocial Personality Disorder - diagnosis - psychology - rehabilitation
Commitment of Mentally Ill - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Dangerous Behavior
English Abstract
Europe
Female
Germany
Humans
Length of Stay - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Male
Mental Disorders - diagnosis - psychology - rehabilitation
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care) - statistics & numerical data
Personality Assessment - statistics & numerical data
Prisoners - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology
Psychometrics - statistics & numerical data
Reproducibility of Results
Risk assessment
Sex Offenses - legislation & jurisprudence - prevention & control - psychology
Socialization
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: An international network study involving parallel, complementary interventions in three EU countries and an associate country (Germany, United Kingdom, The Netherlands and Norway) is reported. The aim is to develop a unified approach to the assessment of social risk and related behaviours in offender groups. METHOD: The Behavioural Status Index (BEST-Index) and a set of cross-validating instruments (PCL-R, HCR-20; SCL-90-R; BDHI-D) were applied to a sample of n = 231 mentally ill offenders. RESULTS: Selected results using a sub-sample of n = 89 German offenders are reported and discussed. CONCLUSIONS: The BEST-Index shows convergent validity with respect to a social risk criterion and it helps to determine an objective data base for the improvement of carer assessments, related care planning, and delivery.
PubMed ID
16308803 View in PubMed
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[Effiency in surgery (author's transl)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature251611
Source
Zentralbl Chir. 1976;101(20):1217-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
1976
Author
S. Bengmark
Source
Zentralbl Chir. 1976;101(20):1217-20
Date
1976
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aftercare
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Costs and Cost Analysis
Hospital Departments
Humans
Length of Stay
Outpatient Clinics, Hospital
Preoperative Care
Surgical Procedures, Operative - standards
Sweden
Abstract
Increase in the cost of medical care force us to adopt "medical rationalisation" instead of as previously "hospital rationalisation". This medical rationalisation constitutes a new, well-thought out way of putting questions about diagnosis, therapy and after-care. We must abandon the opinion that the prestige of a surgical department rests in the number of beds. Instead we must use other yardsticks such as the greater use of ambulant care, the shortest hospital stay for routine operations, the shortest preoperative waiting times and an increased operation frequency. Moreover, we need a diagnosis fixed from the start, a large enough operation capacity and sufficient possibilities for postoperative care, stringency in keeping agreed admittances and discharges as regards elective routine surgery and intimate co-operation between doctors, hospital economists, nursing staff and other experts.
PubMed ID
185845 View in PubMed
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[Length of stay of hernia patients: an international comparison].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature249789
Source
Soz Praventivmed. 1977 Jul-Aug;22(4):169-70
Publication Type
Article
Author
F. Gutzwiller
Source
Soz Praventivmed. 1977 Jul-Aug;22(4):169-70
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Great Britain
Hernia, Inguinal - surgery
Humans
Length of Stay
Postoperative Care
Preoperative Care
Sweden
Switzerland
Time Factors
United States
Abstract
A comparison of four community hospitals in four countries (U.S.A., Sweden, U.K., Switzerland) shows important differences regarding the average length of stay in these four countries. The mean stay for the diagnosis of inguinal hernia in Switzerland is about twice as high as in the other countries. Explanations for such variations lie with the shape of the system of care rather than with the medical needs of different populations.
PubMed ID
605675 View in PubMed
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[Poisoning by domestic vipers (Vipera berus and Vipera aspis). A retrospective study of 113 patients].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature238662
Source
Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1985 Jun 29;115(26):890-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-29-1985
Author
E. Stahel
R. Wellauer
T A Freyvogel
Source
Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1985 Jun 29;115(26):890-6
Date
Jun-29-1985
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Angioedema - etiology
Antivenins - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Hospitalization
Humans
Hypotension - etiology
Length of Stay
Male
Seasons
Shock, Cardiogenic - etiology
Snake Bites - complications - epidemiology - therapy
Switzerland
Tachycardia - etiology
Time Factors
Urticaria - chemically induced
Abstract
In a retrospective study, 113 bites which occurred in Switzerland within a 16-year period by either of the two indigenous adders (Vipera berus and Vipera aspis) were analyzed. 13 patients showed no signs of envenomation. Out of the other 100, 62 patients had merely minor (local edema only) and 24 moderate envenomation (vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, hypotension), while 24 had severe envenomation (shock and angioneurotic edema of the tongue and lips). No fatalities were recorded. In residents of the endemic area the bites occurred accidentally in 86% of the cases, while tourists were bitten after manipulating the snake in 42%. Specific antivenin was given to 49 of 95 hospitalized patients. In cases of severe envenomation (n = 14) a reduction of the median duration of hospitalization from 10 days in patients without antivenin therapy (n = 4) to 5 days in patients with antivenin therapy (n = 10) was obtained. In cases of moderate (n = 21) or minor envenomation (n = 49), antivenin therapy did not influence the hospital stay of 4 and 2 days respectively. In the 11 patients with bites not followed by envenomation the antivenin treatment increased the duration of hospitalization from 1 day (in 6 patients without antivenin) to 2 days (in 5 patients with antivenin). Side effects of the antivenin treatment, such as urticaria, angioneurotic edema, respiratory distress, fever and lymphadenopathy were noted in 4 out of 49 patients.
PubMed ID
4023676 View in PubMed
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[The tele-visit as a telemedical technique in daily clinical practice. First results for elbow joint arthrolysis]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature82590
Source
Unfallchirurg. 2006 May;109(5):383-90
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2006
Author
Eberl R.
Kaminski A.
Reckwitz N.
Muhr G.
Clasbrummel B.
Author Affiliation
Berufsgenossenschaftliche Kliniken Bergmannsheil, Universitätsklinik, Chirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Bürkle-de-la-Camp Platz 1, 44789 Bochum. robert.eberl@ruhr-uni-bochum.de
Source
Unfallchirurg. 2006 May;109(5):383-90
Date
May-2006
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Arthroplasty - economics
Child
Contracture - economics - etiology - surgery
Elbow Joint - injuries - physiology - surgery
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Length of Stay
Male
Middle Aged
Outpatients
Patient satisfaction
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Recovery of Function
Telemedicine - economics - methods
Time Factors
Abstract
Technologies in telecommunication and information are being increasingly applied in the public health system of the western world. Also responsible for this development is the cost factor in the field of financing and maintenance of such a system of superior medical supply, as well as the concurrent patient' demand for optimized medical "24 h care and treatment". Pioneers in the use of telematic projects have, up until now, been large states such as the USA, Canada, Norway or Australia. Such projects have been used to provide, guarantee and maintain medical care in geographically remote regions with few medical facilities. After breaking the obstacle of geographic distance, telemedical solutions in general, and especially the tele-visit, represent a new form of treatment for patient care after discharge from hospital. In the year 2002, a prospective randomized two-armed study was initiated including patients after surgical intervention by arthroplasty in posttraumatic contracture of the elbow. The system of the tele-visit was used for 6 weeks after discharge and the patients were controlled as outpatients after 6 months, including a physical examination. The functional outcome, duration of stay in hospital and the costs for treatment arising were determined. A standardized questionnaire was developed and the degree of satisfaction of the patients surveyed. A shorter stay in hospital was found together with lowered costs in medical treatment, while no differences in functional outcome could be found in comparison to the control group, although there was an additionally high grade of satisfaction with the new system.
PubMed ID
16557409 View in PubMed
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6 records – page 1 of 1.