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Managing mountains, past and present conditions for traditional summer farming and Sami reindeer husbandry in northern Scandinavia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295941
Source
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Umea : Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae 2017:80.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2017
in August (illustration: Adriana Jerlström-Maj) Traditional land use and conditions for maintenance of biodiversity are often interlinked. When land use changes and ecosystems change as a result, there is a risk to loose both the traditional ecological knowledge and the biodiversity
  1 document  
Author
Linkowski, Weronika Izabella Axelsson
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Forest Sciences, Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Umeå
Source
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Umea : Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae 2017:80.
Date
2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
3416260
Keywords
Boreal forests
Traditional ecological knowledge
Historical perspective
Forest grazing
Transhumance
Carnivores
Land use changes
Pastoralism
Abstract
Traditional land use and conditions for maintenance of biodiversity are often interlinked. When land use changes and ecosystems change as a result, there is a risk to loose both the traditional ecological knowledge and the biodiversity connected to this land use. This thesis focuses on traditional land use, summer farming and Sami reindeer husbandry, in the mountain areas of northern Scandinavia (mainly Sweden), in a historical and contemporary perspective. The overall aim is to contribute to the understanding of the conditions for the traditional land use in the Scandinavian (mainly Swedish) mountains, using the concepts of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and a historical-ecological perspective. Both summer farming and reindeer husbandry are under strong external pressure and face large challenges today. Some of these challenges are shared and some differ between the two types of northern pastoralism. Scandinavian summer farmers experience that different views on their land use from different authorities affect them negatively. The increasing populations of large carnivores also worry the summer farmers. Recent depredation rates are in fact of the same level as historically (around 1900). Interviews showed that traditional knowledge about protective measures had eroded during years without carnivores, but also that farming practices have changed recently and that new knowledge developed. Sami plant use has been studied historically, but information about Sami plant management of Angelica archangelica was not documented. We argue that Sami ecological knowledge should be used to ensure sustainable harvest methods. Today traditional reindeer husbandry faces severe problems due to the reduction of winter grazing land by different encroachments, most importantly from modern forestry. The negative effects are even larger since increasingly difficult winter conditions create a need for a wider range of good grazing areas. Traditional knowledge is essential in the herders´ daily work, but the usability of the knowledge is severely constrained by recent changes. In the future planning of an ecologically and socially sustainable mountain management it is necessary to work with traditional land users and integrate their traditional knowledge.
Documents

axelsson_linkowski_w_170906.pdf

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Norway's report to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of Indigenous Peoples.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296245
Publication Type
Report
DISTRICT COURT IN THE SAAMI LANGUAGE ADMINISTRATIVE DISTRICT......... 4 2.4 NEW ACT ON LAND USE AND OWNERSHIP IN FINNMARK COUNTY ............................................................. 4 2.5 APPOINTMENT OF A NEW SAAMI RIGHTS COMMITTEE
  1 document  
Language
English
Geographic Location
Norway
Publication Type
Report
File Size
150042
Keywords
Sami
Land use and ownership
Culture
Reindeer husbandry
Health and social services
Language
Documents

172587-reportonthesituationofhuman_rights.pdf

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Two paths one direction: Parks Canada and Aboriginal Peoples working together.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature294477
Source
The George Wright Forum. 2010. 27(2):222-233.
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
  1 document  
Author
Langdon, Steve
Prosper, Rob
Gagnon, Nathalie
Source
The George Wright Forum. 2010. 27(2):222-233.
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
File Size
266799
Keywords
Parks Canada
Land use and management
First Nations
Métis
Inuit
Documents
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A vulnerability assessment of Norbotten, Northern Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297143
Source
AVEC : Integrated Assessment of Vulnerable Ecosystems under Global Change EU Concerted Action. International Summer School, Peyresq, Alpes de Haute-Provence, France, 14 – 27 September 2003. 11 p.
Publication Type
Report
Date
2003
-economic change, land-use change, etc., which will indubitably change the whole planet's environment. Global warming, desertification and deforestation have already manifested the acute vulnerability of our environment. Therefore, the assessment of vulnerability and development of adaptation strategies
  1 document  
Author
Chen, Youmin
Costache, Andra
Fronzek, Stefan
Hille, Marco
Kahmen, Ansgar
Koch, Katja
Baxter, Bob (tutor)
Source
AVEC : Integrated Assessment of Vulnerable Ecosystems under Global Change EU Concerted Action. International Summer School, Peyresq, Alpes de Haute-Provence, France, 14 – 27 September 2003. 11 p.
Date
2003
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Report
File Size
454450
Keywords
Norrbotten
Climate change
Land use
Sami
Traditional life
Reindeer
Mining
Documents
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