BACKGROUND: Decreased kidney function has been established as an important risk factor in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome. In acute coronary syndrome, increased platelet aggregation is associated with vascular complications. The aim of this study is to examine whether decreased kidney function is associated with altered platelet function in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 413 patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit at Ostersund Hospital, Ostersund, Sweden. PREDICTORS: Glomerular filtration rate less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) estimated from serum cystatin C level, comorbidity, medications, and markers of inflammation and hemostasis. OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: Platelet aggregation was assessed by measuring the formation of small platelet aggregates (SPAs) by using a laser light scattering method. A greater SPA level indicates greater platelet aggregation. Platelet aggregation analysis was performed on days 1, 2, 3, and 5 in-hospital. RESULTS: We observed a significant increase in platelet aggregation during the first 3 days in the hospital regardless of kidney function (P
OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of ejection fraction on the prognosis during 2 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). PATIENTS: All patients in western Sweden who underwent CABG without concomitant valve surgery between June 1988 and June 1991. RESULTS: In all, 2121 patients were operated upon and information on ejection fraction was available for 1961 patients (92%). Of these patients, 178 (9%) had an ejection fraction or = 60%. In these groups the mortalities during the first 30 days after CABG were 5.1, 4.3 and 2.2%, respectively (P
There is increasing awareness that residual renal function (RRF) has beneficial effects in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of RRF, expressed as GFR, in phosphate and anemia management in chronic HD patients.
Baseline data of 552 consecutive patients from the Convective Transport Study (CONTRAST) were analyzed. Patients with a urinary output=100 ml/24 h (n=295) were categorized in tertiles on the basis of degree of GFR and compared with anuric patients (i.e., urinary output4.13 ml/min per 1.73 m2), as compared with 46% in anuric patients despite lower prescription of phosphate-binding agents. Mean hemoglobin levels were 11.9?1.2 g/dl with no differences between the GFR categories. The ESA index was 31% lower in patients in the upper tertile as compared with anuric patients. After adjustments for patient characteristics, patients in the upper tertile had significantly lower serum phosphate levels and ESA index as compared with anuric patients.
This study suggests a strong relation between RRF and improved phosphate and anemia control in HD patients. Efforts to preserve RRF in HD patients could improve outcomes and should be encouraged.
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