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Source
Sygeplejersken. 1990 Mar 28;90(13):14-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-28-1990

A 3-year follow-up study of Swedish youths committed to juvenile institutions: Frequent occurrence of criminality and health care use regardless of drug abuse.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288173
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2017 Jan - Feb;50:52-60
Publication Type
Article
Author
Ola Ståhlberg
Sofia Boman
Christina Robertsson
Nóra Kerekes
Henrik Anckarsäter
Thomas Nilsson
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2017 Jan - Feb;50:52-60
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Comorbidity
Crime - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health Services - legislation & jurisprudence - utilization
Humans
Juvenile Delinquency - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Male
Outcome Assessment (Health Care) - statistics & numerical data
Recurrence
Residential Treatment - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Substance-Related Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Sweden
Violence - legislation & jurisprudence - prevention & control - psychology
Young Adult
Abstract
This 3-year follow-up study compares background variables, extent of criminality and criminal recidivism in the form of all court convictions, the use of inpatient care, and number of early deaths in Swedish institutionalized adolescents (N=100) with comorbid substance use disorders (SUD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (n=25) versus those with SUD but no ADHD (n=30), and those without SUD (n=45). In addition it aims to identify whether potential risk factors related to these groups are associated with persistence in violent criminality. Results showed almost no significant differences between the three diagnostic groups, but the SUD plus ADHD group displayed a somewhat more negative outcome with regard to criminality, and the non-SUD group stood out with very few drug related treatment episodes. However, the rate of criminal recidivism was strikingly high in all three groups, and the use of inpatient care as well as the number of untimely deaths recorded in the study population was dramatically increased compared to a age matched general population group. Finally, age at first conviction emerged as the only significant predictor of persistence in violent criminality with an AUC of .69 (CI (95%) .54-.84, p=.02). Regardless of whether SUD, with or without ADHD, is at hand or not, institutionalized adolescents describe a negative course with extensive criminality and frequent episodes of inpatient treatment, and thus requires a more effective treatment than present youth institutions seem to offer today. However, the few differences found between the three groups, do give some support that those with comorbid SUD and ADHD have the worst prognosis with regard to criminality, health, and untimely death, and as such are in need of even more extensive treatment interventions.
PubMed ID
27745884 View in PubMed
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Source
Vardfacket. 1997 Feb 10;21(2):53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-10-1997
Author
E. Forslind
Source
Vardfacket. 1997 Feb 10;21(2):53
Date
Feb-10-1997
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Diagnostic Errors
Humans
Infant
Jurisprudence
Male
Meningococcal Infections - diagnosis
Sweden
PubMed ID
9447187 View in PubMed
Less detail

[7 years of wandering within the justice machinery].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227825
Source
Vardfacket. 1990 Dec 13;14(21):12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-13-1990
Author
U. Jacobsson
Source
Vardfacket. 1990 Dec 13;14(21):12
Date
Dec-13-1990
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Jurisprudence
Nursing Care - standards
Renal Dialysis - adverse effects
Sweden
PubMed ID
2096553 View in PubMed
Less detail

A 15-year national follow-up: legislation is not enough to reduce the use of seclusion and restraint.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature162773
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2007 Sep;42(9):747-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2007
Author
Alice Keski-Valkama
Eila Sailas
Markku Eronen
Anna-Maija Koivisto
Jouko Lönnqvist
Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
Author Affiliation
Vanha Vaasa Hospital, PO Box 13, Vaasa, 65381 Finland. alice.keski-valkama@vvs.fi
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2007 Sep;42(9):747-52
Date
Sep-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Coercion
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Mental Health Services - legislation & jurisprudence - standards
Middle Aged
Patient Discharge - statistics & numerical data
Prevalence
Registries
Restraint, Physical - legislation & jurisprudence - utilization
Abstract
Seclusion and restraint are frequent but controversial coercive measures used in psychiatric treatment. Legislative efforts have started to emerge to control the use of these measures in many countries. In the present study, the nationwide trends in the use of seclusion and restraint were investigated in Finland over a 15-year span which was characterised by legislative changes aiming to clarify and restrict the use of these measures.
The data were collected during a predetermined week in 1990, 1991, 1994, 1998 and 2004, using a structured postal survey of Finnish psychiatric hospitals. The numbers of inpatients during the study weeks were obtained from the National Hospital Discharge Register.
The total number of the secluded and restrained patients declined as did the number of all inpatients during the study weeks, but the risk of being secluded or restrained remained the same over time when compared to the first study year. The duration of the restraint incidents did not change, but the duration of seclusion increased. A regional variation was found in the use of coercive measures.
Legislative changes solely cannot reduce the use of seclusion and restraint or change the prevailing treatment cultures connected with these measures. The use of seclusion and restraint should be vigilantly monitored and ethical questions should be under continuous scrutiny.
PubMed ID
17598058 View in PubMed
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[20th century medical debate over venereal disease and prostitution].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature191749
Source
Sven Med Tidskr. 2001;5(1):29-44
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
A. Lundberg
Source
Sven Med Tidskr. 2001;5(1):29-44
Date
2001
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Communicable Disease Control - history - legislation & jurisprudence
Female
History, 20th Century
Humans
Prostitution - history - legislation & jurisprudence
Sexually Transmitted Diseases - history
Social Welfare - history
Societies, Medical - history - legislation & jurisprudence
Sweden
Women's Rights - history
Abstract
In the early twentieth century a wider debate took place about how Swedish society was to fight the spread of contagious venereal diseases and in 1910 a government committee had written a law proposal that would dramatically reform these measures previously, Swedish physicians had been united against any measures against these diseases that did not involve the regulation of prostitutes, but this consensus was slowly withering away in the early parts of the century. Female doctors and a younger generation of venereologists was drawing the conclusion that mandatory checks of only one out of two sexes was insufficient. This article reviews the debate regarding the regulation of prostitution that took place between conservative and liberal members in the Swedish Medical Association in 1911. It depicts a fierce discussion between members that still clung to nineteenth-century ideas of women as being prone to prostitution if left idle and unemployed, and liberal members that believed social injustices such as low wages laid behind women's decisions. The study gives an insight into the complexities of building the Swedish welfare state.
PubMed ID
11817395 View in PubMed
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A 25 years experience of group-housed sows-reproduction in animal welfare-friendly systems.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature261597
Source
Acta Vet Scand. 2014;56:37
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Stig Einarsson
Ylva Sjunnesson
Fredrik Hultén
Lena Eliasson-Selling
Anne-Marie Dalin
Nils Lundeheim
Ulf Magnusson
Source
Acta Vet Scand. 2014;56:37
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animal Husbandry - standards
Animal Welfare - legislation & jurisprudence - standards
Animals
Female
Housing, Animal - standards
Sus scrofa - physiology
Sweden
Time Factors
Abstract
Since January 1 2013, group housing of sows has been compulsory within the European Union (EU) in all pig holdings with more than ten sows. Sows and gilts need to be kept in groups from 4 weeks after service to 1 week before the expected time of farrowing (Article 3(4) of Directive 2008/120/EC on the protection of pigs). The legislation regarding group housing was adopted already in 2001 and a long transitional period was allowed to give member states and producers enough time for adaptation. Even so, group housing of sows still seems to be uncommon in the EU, and is also uncommon in commercial pig farming systems in the rest of the world. In this review we share our experience of the Swedish 25 years of animal welfare legislation stipulating that sows must be loose-housed which de facto means group housed. The two most important concerns related to reproductive function among group-housed sows are the occurrence of lactational oestrus when sows are group-housed during lactation, and the stress that is associated with group housing during mating and gestation. Field and clinical observations in non-lactating, group-housed sows in Sweden suggest that by making basic facts known about the pig reproductive physiology related to mating, we might achieve application of efficient batch-wise breeding without pharmacological interventions. Group housing of lactating sows has some production disadvantages and somewhat lower productivity would likely have to be expected. Recordings of behavioural indicators in different housing systems suggest a lower welfare level in stalled animals compared with group-housed ones. However, there are no consistent effects on the reproductive performance associated with different housing systems. Experimental studies suggest that the most sensitive period, regarding disturbance of reproductive functions by external stressors, is the time around oestrus. We conclude that by keeping sows according to the pig welfare-friendly Directive 2008/120/EC, it is possible to combine group-housing of sows with good reproductive performance and productivity. However, substantially increased research and development is needed to optimize these systems.
Notes
Cites: J Reprod Fertil. 1982 Mar;64(2):303-136802967
Cites: J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1970 Mar;11:Suppl 11:105+5266385
Cites: Anim Reprod Sci. 2004 Apr;81(3-4):295-31214998655
Cites: Anim Reprod Sci. 2003 Jan 15;75(1-2):39-5312535583
Cites: Anim Reprod Sci. 2002 Mar 15;70(1-2):127-3711841912
Cites: Theriogenology. 2004 Feb;61(4):757-6714698064
Cites: Anim Reprod Sci. 2000 May 31;59(3-4):185-9910837979
Cites: Theriogenology. 2000 Nov 1;54(8):1305-1611192189
Cites: Microb Drug Resist. 2001 Summer;7(2):183-9011442345
Cites: Acta Vet Scand. 2001;42(1):45-5511455901
Cites: Theriogenology. 2013 Oct 1;80(6):673-8323886600
Cites: Acta Vet Scand. 2013;55:3323594682
Cites: Reprod Domest Anim. 2012 Aug;47 Suppl 5:51-722913560
Cites: Rev Sci Tech. 2011 Dec;30(3):961-822435207
Cites: Reprod Domest Anim. 2008 Oct;43(5):584-9118384500
Cites: Reprod Domest Anim. 2007 Apr;42(2):118-2517348967
Cites: Reprod Domest Anim. 2007 Feb;42(1):100-417214782
Cites: Reprod Domest Anim. 2006 Oct;41(5):448-5416984352
Cites: Anim Reprod Sci. 1999 Feb 12;55(1):47-6110099678
Cites: Anim Reprod Sci. 1998 Sep 11;52(3):221-349783995
Cites: Acta Vet Scand. 1997;38(1):119-339129353
Cites: Acta Vet Scand. 1996;37(4):481-99050281
Cites: Acta Vet Scand. 1988;29(2):207-183223469
Cites: Acta Vet Scand. 1990;31(2):227-362260517
Cites: Acta Vet Scand. 1995;36(2):201-127484547
PubMed ID
24910081 View in PubMed
Less detail

[50 obstetric malpractice cases: difficult to draw limits, inconsistent decisions]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature59652
Source
Lakartidningen. 1992 Jan 15;89(3):133-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-15-1992

[90th anniversary of national hygienic regulation of chemicals in workplace air].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature112908
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2013;(1):1-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
K K Sidorov
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2013;(1):1-6
Date
2013
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants, Occupational - history
Anniversaries and Special Events
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Occupational Health - history - legislation & jurisprudence
Russia
Abstract
The authors followed occurrence and formation of the national hygienic regulation of chemicals in workplace air, since 1920s in historical aspect. Now there is 90th anniversary of the regulation.
PubMed ID
23785800 View in PubMed
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7800 records – page 1 of 780.