The scientific literature on HIA is particularly rich in Anglo-Saxon countries (United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand), in Sweden and in the Netherlands, while in Italy there are not many scientific studies published on this theme. The study conducted showed that in Italy no laws relating to HIA have been enacted yet and that all laws enacted so far considered only EIA. Actually, legislation on environmental impact is in continuous expansion, even if at present, some regions have not yet passed a specified EIA-dealing law. In Italy the protection of health is promoted almost exclusively at a strictly medical level; decisions with strong social and environmental impact are not normally designed with particular regard to health issues. To increase in our country the interest for HIA, it would seem appropriate to discuss the usefulness of introducing health impact assessment in national and regional legislation. A possible law may indeed sensitize non-health decision makers to HIA, bringing Italy among the most innovative countries.
In the autumn of 1863 Otto Wilhelm Struve, director of the Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory in Russia, visited most of the observatories in Italy. The report that he wrote on this occasion provides an overview on the conditions of astronomical research in Italyjust after the unification of the country. Later Struve sent a French translation of his report to the Italian astronomer Giovan Battista Donati, who used it to promote the construction of the Arcetri Observatory in Florence, which was inaugurated in 1872. We present here a transcription of the French translation of Struve's report and the transcription of a letter written by him in support of Donati's project
Nursing experience with Mölnlycke, a multi-national company that is a leader in the field of products for incontinence. The company's policy of Total Quality is based on two main objectives: to offer products which guarantee maximum protection for the user (improved quality of life, prevention of infections caused by the catheter, decubital folds, irritation, etc.) and to provide a highly-qualified specialist service that is constantly available to our clients. The nursing personnel gather the essential data from within the various organizations (homes for senior citizens, local health authority units, social welfare residences, domestic social services), providing instructions for the correct utilization of the products and information relative to costs and benefits. This service provides advice, assistance and information; its purpose is to contribute to the continuing improvement of the products and services by means of systematic control and monitoring of their quality (Quality Assurance).