Long-term administration of home total parenteral nutrition (HTPN) has permitted patients with chronic intestinal failure to survive for prolonged periods of time. However, HTPN is associated with numerous complications, all of which increase morbidity and mortality. In Canada, a comprehensive review of the HTPN population has never been performed.
To report on the demographics, current HTPN practice and related complications in the Canadian HTPN population.
This was a cross-sectional study. Five HTPN programs in Canada participated. Patients' data were entered by the programs' TPN team into a Web site-based registry. A unique confidential record was created for each patient. Data were then downloaded into a Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corp, USA) spreadsheet and imported into SPSS (SPSS Inc, USA) for statistical analysis.
One hundred fifty patients were entered into the registry (37.9% men and 62.1% women). The mean (+/- SD) age was 53.0+/-14 years and the duration requiring HTPN was 70.1+/-78.1 months. The mean body mass index before the onset of HTPN was 19.8+/-5.0 kg/m(2). The primary indication for HTPN was short bowel syndrome (60%) secondary to Crohn's disease (51.1%), followed by mesenteric ischemia (23.9%).
over one year, 62.7% of patients were hospitalized at least once, with 44% of hospitalizations related to TPN. In addition, 28.6% of patients had at least one catheter sepsis (double-lumen more than single-lumen; P=0.025) and 50% had at least one catheter change. Abnormal liver enzymes were documented in 27.4% of patients and metabolic bone disease in 60% of patients, and the mean Karnofsky score was 63.
In the present population sample, the data suggest that HTPN is associated with significant complications and health care utilization. These results support the use of a Canadian HTPN registry to better define the HTPN population, and to monitor complications for quality assurance and future research.
Cites: Health Technol Assess. 1997;1(1):i-iii, 1-599414540
OBJECTIVE: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) has been provided to patients with intestinal failure in Denmark since 1970. The results of a national survey comprising a well-defined cohort receiving treatment with HPN in Denmark in the period from 1996 to the end of 2000 are presented, including data on incidence, prevalence, patient characteristics and complications of HPN treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: HPN was given to 202 patients (115 F, 87 M) 34% with short-bowel syndrome due to inflammatory bowel disease, 26% with cancer, 22% with surgical complications and 19% with other causes, for a total of 410 catheter years. RESULTS: At the end of 2000, the prevalence of HPN in Denmark was 19.2 per million, and the average annual incidence was 5.0 per million per year over the 5-year period. The incidence rates of catheter-related bacteraemia and thrombosis were 0.48 and 0.02 episodes per catheter year, respectively. The average catheter lasted 1.5 years. Venous inaccessibility was never encountered. The 5-year mortality was 25% (n = 51). However, only six deaths were related to HPN. Three patients died of HPN-related liver failure, two died of catheter-related sepsis and one patient died of an embolus induced by a catheter thrombus. CONCLUSIONS: Since its introduction in 1970 in Denmark, HPN has evolved from an experimental approach to a standardized therapy for patients with intestinal failure. Although HPN morbidity is increasing slightly compared with that reported in earlier surveys, HPN-induced mortality is still less than 1% per year.