To validate algorithms using administrative data that characterize ambulatory physician care for patients with a chronic disease.
Seven-hundred and eighty-one people with diabetes were recruited mostly from community pharmacies to complete a written questionnaire about their physician utilization in 2002. These data were linked with administrative databases detailing health service utilization.
An administrative data algorithm was defined that identified whether or not patients received specialist care, and it was tested for agreement with self-report. Other algorithms, which assigned each patient to a primary care and specialist physician, were tested for concordance with self-reported regular providers of care.
The algorithm to identify whether participants received specialist care had 80.4 percent agreement with questionnaire responses (kappa=0.59). Compared with self-report, administrative data had a sensitivity of 68.9 percent and specificity 88.3 percent for identifying specialist care. The best administrative data algorithm to assign each participant's regular primary care and specialist providers was concordant with self-report in 82.6 and 78.2 percent of cases, respectively.
Administrative data algorithms can accurately match self-reported ambulatory physician utilization.
Cites: Med Care. 2004 Oct;42(10):960-515377928
Cites: Am J Public Health. 1981 Feb;71(2):145-97457683
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 1989 Feb;129(2):233-482643301
Cites: Med Care. 1993 Jun;31(6):498-5078501997
Cites: Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2004;13(3):165-7515297900
Cites: J Ambul Care Manage. 1998 Jan;21(1):24-3410181337
The suicide rate in Alberta is consistently above the Canadian average. Health care use profiles of those who die by suicide in Alberta are currently unknown.
Death records were selected for people aged 25 to 64 with suicide coded as the underlying cause of death from April 1, 2003 to March 31, 2006. The death records were linked to administrative records pertaining to physician visits, emergency department visits, inpatient hospital separations, and community mental health visits. The control group was the Alberta population aged 25 to 64 who did not die by suicide. Frequency estimates were produced to determine the characteristics of the study population. Odds ratios relating to demographics, exposure to health care services, and case-control status were estimated with logistic regression.
Almost 90% of suicides had a health service in the year before their death. Suicides averaged 16.6 visits per person, compared with 7.7 visits for non-suicides. Much of the health service use among people who died by suicide appears to have been driven by mental disorders.
Information about health service delivery to those who die by suicide can guide prevention and intervention efforts.
Our knowledge of complications and adverse events in spinal surgery is limited, especially concerning incidence and consequences. We therefore investigated adverse events in spine surgery in Sweden by comparing patient claims data from the County Councils' Mutual Insurance Company register with data from the National Swedish Spine Register (Swespine).
We analyzed patient claims (n = 182) to the insurance company after spine surgery performed between 2003 and 2005. The medical records of the patients filing these claims were reviewed and compared with Swespine data for the same period.
Two-thirds (119/182, 65%) of patients who claimed economic compensation from the insurance company were registered in Swespine. Of the 210 complications associated with these 182 claims, only 74 were listed in Swespine. The most common causes of compensated injuries (n = 139) were dural lesions (n = 40) and wound infections (n = 30). Clinical outcome based on global assessment, leg pain, disability, and quality of health was worse for patients who claimed economic compensation than for the total group of Swespine patients.
We found considerable under-reporting of complications in Swespine. Dural lesions and infections were not well recorded, although they were important reasons for problems and contributed to high levels of disability. By analyzing data from more than one source, we obtained a better understanding of the patterns of adverse events and outcomes after spine surgery.
Cites: Lakartidningen. 2006 Feb 22-28;103(8):534-6, 53916570778
Cites: Eur Spine J. 2010 Mar;19(3):439-4220013002
Cites: Eur Spine J. 2011 Jan;20(1):58-6420582555
Cites: BMJ. 2000 Mar 18;320(7237):759-6310720361
Cites: Can J Surg. 2000 Apr;43(2):113-710812345
Cites: Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Jan 1;26(1):115-7; discussion 11811148655
BACKGROUND: In the 1993-99 period, the NPCS reached decisions on 4,041 orthopaedic injury cases. This paper reviews the complaints lodged. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have analysed data from 700 randomly selected cases in order to elucidate the reasons for complaint. RESULTS: Complaints were lodged against all types of hospitals and primary health care providers. The most frequent primary diagnosis were osteoarthritis of the hip, lumbar disc herniation, and various fractures. Complaints were most commonly related to faulty treatment, continued pain, nerve injuries, reduced function, mistaken diagnosis, malposition of bone or joint, and infection. 84% of complaints were related to treatment and to operative treatment in particular. In 209 cases (30%), the complaints were heard. Of these 209, 43% were heard because of the treatment given, 21% because of infection, 18% because of diagnostic fault, and 6% because of defective follow-up. 491 complaints were rejected; in 70% of them because the injury was acceptable according to general rules, in 19% because the basic disorder had caused the injury, and in 7% because there was in fact no injury. INTERPRETATION: In our opinion, better knowledge about treatment injury cases represents valuable information that contributes to a higher quality of care.
We investigated the death circumstances among children in the Danish healthcare system by analysing closed claims.
This retrospective study investigated closed claims with regard to medically related deaths registered by the Danish Patient Insurance Association.
From 1996 to 2008, 45 953 claims were made to the Danish Patient Insurance Association (DPIA) covering all medical specialties. Among these claims, a total of 3531 submitted claims were for children younger than 18 years old, and 74 of these children were registered as having died. Forty-one of the 74 deaths were caused by peripartum asphyxia or other birth-related reasons, and 33 children died of causes not related to their birth. Twenty-three of the 33 children died as a result of substandard treatment. This was the ruling of the DPIA or the courts of law on the claim. In these cases, the DPIA, the appeal board or the courts of law settled that an experienced specialist would have acted differently such that the injury could have been avoided.
Twenty-three of the 33 deaths after the perinatal period could potentially have been avoided if experienced specialists had handled the cases.
Mortality and workers' compensation patterns were studied among 1,064 Ontario asbestos insulation workers. A proportional mortality analysis of 153 asbestos worker deaths found increased mortality from malignant diseases (65 deaths observed; 35.1 expected), cancers of the lungs and pleura (32 deaths observed; 11.5 expected), peritoneal mesothelioma (4 deaths), and respiratory diseases (14 deaths observed; 7.9 expected). Despite the publicity given to asbestos-associated diseases, dependents of many men potentially eligible for workers compensation awards have not received pensions because claims were not filed. These findings suggest that much occupationally related disease is not being recognized in Ontario.