In order to test clinically a newly developed, simple, and convenient device for giving multiple injections of short-acting insulin (Actrapid HM, Novo, Bagsvaerd, Denmark), 16 type I diabetic patients previously stabilized on intensified conventional therapy regimens participated in a randomized crossover study for a period of 6 wk. The patients used conventional syringes for injections of short-acting insulin during one period and the new device during the other. Conventional syringes were used for injections of basal insulin during both periods. Metabolic control was assessed by twice-weekly blood glucose profiles, HbA1c, and the frequency of hypoglycemic reactions; no significant differences were found during the two treatment periods. No infections at the injection sites were seen. Patients' evaluation of the new device was very positive.
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical response and patient acceptance of a prefilled, disposable insulin pen injector (Novolet, Novo-Nordisk, Bagsvaerd, Denmark) for treating insulin-dependent diabetic patients. METHODS: After a run-in period of six weeks, 19 patients participated in an open, randomized, controlled, crossover study with two 12-week periods using insulin pens or conventional syringes. Clinical responses were assessed every 12 weeks, including glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), seven-point blood glucose profiles and hypoglycemic reactions. At the end of the trial, patients completed questionnaires about their acceptance of the insulin delivery device. RESULTS: Neither of the regimens rendered significant changes in HbA1c, blood glucose profiles or hypoglycemic episodes. Most of the study subjects reported that the prefilled, disposable devices were convenient and easy to use, and many of them wished to continue using the device for insulin delivery. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical response was the same for both treatment regimens, but most subjects preferred the prefilled disposable pen injector for insulin delivery because it was more convenient for daily use.
Needlestick and other sharps injuries are a key Canadian public health issue, affecting 70,000 people per year and costing some dollar 140 million. A safety program at Toronto East General Hospital--focusing on blood collection and patient injection--achieved an 80% reduction in injuries within one year (from 41 in 2003 to eight in 2004), with blood collection injuries eliminated entirely.