Obesity is associated with a wide range of chronic illnesses and disabilities familiar to rehabilitation researchers and practitioners. Obesity discourse in the area of rehabilitation science and practice is limited.
A meeting of rehabilitation researchers, practitioners, industry and decision makers was held for the purpose of identifying research and practice priorities in the area of bariatric rehabilitation.
Areas of common ground in terms of the identification of gaps in research, practice and knowledge about obesity in the context of rehabilitation science were identified. Participants developed a concept for a bariatric rehabilitation treatment and research institute. A commitment to embark on priority action items was made.
This article describes a process that successfully gathered a diverse group of researchers, clinicians, industries and decision makers for the purpose of collectively advancing the area of bariatric rehabilitation in Canada.
In late modernity, the media is one of the most important social institutions in influencing people's knowledge, perceptions and actions. The media supply citizens with health-related messages and contribute thereby to their health development. The abundant flow of health-related messages, however, makes it difficult for the individual to separate good and reliable information from information of poor quality. The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rising each year in Sweden as well as in other countries. The future scenario is troublesome. The presented study deals with two questions: (1) How is overweight represented in the media? (2) What consequences do these representations have on public perceptions of overweight? A multidisciplinary approach has been chosen for the study. Theories and concepts are derived from four areas of research: consumption, bodily issues, risks and media & journalism. The aim was to describe, analyse and problematize how overweight is presented quantitatively and qualitatively in the media. The method used is content analysis. The study is limited to media content in Swedish daily newspapers, 1997-2001. In all, 1925 articles from four different papers have been analysed.
The ideals of journalism are easy to accept but too often difficult to realize. Reporters as well as physicians and scientists must make more of an effort to communicate comprehensible and useful information about overweight and obesity to their audiences. Still we know little about the amount, the quality and the utility of health information in the media. There is a need for further research in this field if we want to understand what chances people have in making informed health-related decisions and how they make sense of and use the health information at their disposal.
The Arctic Portal is an endorsed IPY project lead by Iceland's Senior Arctic Official in consultation and cooperation with other members of the Arctic Council and its Working Groups, Permanent Participants, Northern Forum, UArctic, the Arctic Centre at the University of Lapland, the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute of Roshydromet, the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry, and others.
Interest in understanding the problem of child maltreatment is widely shared by governments, organizations of physicians, and others. Our objective was to describe and discuss sources of information in Canada that could be used to help understand the nature and scope of the problem, either within any province or territory, or across all of Canada.
A series of web searches and a focused literature review were conducted to identify sources of child maltreatment information. Government departments responsible for child welfare were also contacted on an as-needed basis in order to identify additional sources.
Identified sources included: child welfare administrative provincial/territorial data and reports based on those data, other child welfare information, surveys of child protection workers and shelter workers, mortality/morbidity data, police data, direct surveys of children and their parents, and the 2011 Canadian census. Each type of source had strengths and limitations in terms of how it could describe the nature and scope of the problem of child maltreatment.
Increased use of morbidity and mortality data, data linking, expanding existing databases, and increasing the use of general population surveys could expand understanding of child maltreatment in Canada.
Information is needed in all activities aiming at the development and improvement of working conditions. The information and communication technology has made it possible to have information available 24 h a day, 360 d a year. The administrative structures in various countries also call for more information steering at the workplace level. This means that more web-based and other materials for small enterprises are needed in all countries in order to improve safety and health of the workers. Four different approaches to improve workplace level activities are described here to provide models for others to modify them to their local conditions. The networking of small workplaces supports the development of their safety and thereby also their productivity and possibilities to offer jobs also in the future.
More than a decade after the 1997 Red River Flood, vulnerability to future flooding exists due to a lack of risk communication. This study identifies risk communication gaps and discusses the creation of strategies to enhance information-sharing, bottom-up activity and partnership development. The objectives were achieved using mixed methods, including interviews, a floodplain-wide survey, and a decision-makers' risk management workshop. The results highlight a number of external pressures exerted by regional floodplain policies and procedures that restrict risk communication and affect social vulnerability in the rural floodplain. The failures of a top-down approach to floodplain management have impacted on communities' abilities to address floodplain risks, have amplified local risks, and have decreased community cooperation in floodplain management initiatives since the 1997 'Flood of the Century'. Recommended policies promote the establishment of community standards to compensate for gaps in risk communication and the development of partnerships between floodplain communities.
The policies that address health information exchanges for research purposes in Australia, Austria, Finland, Switzerland, and the USA apply accountability and/or adequacy to protect privacy. Specific requirements complicate the exchanges: inform data subjects of data use purposes; assure that the subjects are no longer identifiable; destroy the data in the end; and not to use cloud computing without specific permission.
There is widespread agreement that the potential of gene therapy was oversold in the early 1990s. This study, however, comparing written material from the British, Danish and German gene therapy discourses of the period finds significant differences: Over-optimism was not equally strong everywhere; gene therapy was not universally hyped. Against that background, attention is directed towards another area of variation in the material: different basic assumptions about science and scientists. Exploring such culturally rooted assumptions and beliefs and their possible significance to science communication practices, it is argued that deep beliefs may constitute drivers of hype that are particularly difficult to deal with. To participants in science communication, the discouragement of hype, viewed as a practical-ethical challenge, can be seen as a learning exercise that includes critical attention to internalised beliefs.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Children and Women's Hospital of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC Perinatal Services BC, Provincial Health Services Authority, Vancouver BC.