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74 records – page 1 of 8.

Source
J Can Dent Assoc. 1995 Jun;61(6):473
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1995
Author
T J Swaine
Source
J Can Dent Assoc. 1995 Jun;61(6):473
Date
Jun-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Appointments and Schedules
Dental Care for Chronically Ill
HIV Seropositivity
Humans
Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional - prevention & control
Male
Ontario
Prejudice
Notes
Comment On: J Can Dent Assoc. 1995 Jan;61(1):25-77866924
Comment On: J Can Dent Assoc. 1995 Apr;61(4):277, 3507736331
PubMed ID
7614428 View in PubMed
Less detail

AIDS-related risks in the health care setting: HIV testing of health care workers and patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221292
Source
Queens Law J. 1993;18(1):71-128
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
W F Flanagan
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Law, Queen's University, Canada.
Source
Queens Law J. 1993;18(1):71-128
Date
1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Disclosure - legislation & jurisprudence
HIV Infections - diagnosis - transmission
Health Personnel - legislation & jurisprudence
Humans
Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional - prevention & control
Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient - prevention & control
Informed Consent - legislation & jurisprudence
Mandatory Testing - legislation & jurisprudence
Prejudice
Abstract
Do patients and health care workers have the legal right to know each other's HIV status? Professor Flanagan argues that they do not. Given that with appropriate precautions the risk of transmitting HIV in the health care setting is extremely small and that the discriminatory consequences of HIV disclosure can be extremely high, it is suggested that the right of a patient or a health care worker not to disclose their HIV status must outweigh the other's "right to know."
PubMed ID
16086490 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Apropos the article "The rapid computerized analysis of dental patients for AIDS" (A. N. Balashov et al., Stomatologiia 1997; 4: 74)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature201823
Source
Stomatologiia (Mosk). 1999;78(3):68-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999

Barriers and motivators affecting tuberculosis infection control practices of Russian health care workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature123562
Source
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Aug;16(8):1092-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2012
Author
W. Woith
G. Volchenkov
J. Larson
Author Affiliation
Department of Nursing, Mennonite College of Nursing at Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois 61761, USA. wwoith1@uic.edu
Source
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Aug;16(8):1092-6
Date
Aug-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Ambulatory Care
Attitude of Health Personnel
Cultural Characteristics
Equipment Contamination
Fear
Female
Focus Groups
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Personnel - psychology
Health promotion
Humans
Infection Control - methods
Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional - prevention & control
Inpatients
Male
Motivation
Occupational Exposure
Patient care team
Qualitative Research
Respiration, Artificial - instrumentation
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis - diagnosis - epidemiology - microbiology - prevention & control - transmission
Ventilators, Mechanical - microbiology
Abstract
Five in-patient and out-patient tuberculosis (TB) care facilities in two regions of Russia.
To identify barriers and motivators to the use of infection control measures among Russian TB health care workers.
In this qualitative study, a convenience sample of 96 health care workers (HCWs) was used to generate 15 homogeneous focus groups, consisting of physicians, nurses, and laboratory or support staff.
Barriers and motivators related to knowledge, attitudes and beliefs, and practices were identified. The three main barriers were 1) knowledge deficits, including the belief that TB was transmitted by dust, linens and eating utensils; 2) negative attitudes related to the discomfort of respirators; and 3) practices with respect to quality and care of respirators. Education and training, fear of infecting loved ones, and fear of punishment were the main motivators.
Our results point to the need for evaluation of current educational programs. Positive health promotion messages that appeal to fear might also be successful in promoting TB infection control. Individualized rewards based on personal motivators or group rewards that build on collectivist theory could be explored.
Notes
Cites: Health Psychol. 1986;5(1):25-433720718
Cites: Health Libr Rev. 2000 Dec;17(4):194-20211198325
Cites: MMWR Recomm Rep. 2005 Dec 30;54(RR-17):1-14116382216
Cites: Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010 Nov;14(11):1489-9220937192
Cites: Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010 Oct;14(10):1323-920843425
Cites: Ann Occup Hyg. 2009 Nov;53(8):815-2719805391
Cites: Am J Infect Control. 2009 Oct;37(8):668-7319403197
Cites: J Hosp Infect. 2009 May;72(1):57-6419278753
Cites: JAMA. 2009 Jan 7;301(1):36-819126810
Cites: BMC Public Health. 2007;7:21117705841
Cites: Health Care Women Int. 2004 Mar;25(3):210-2615195767
Cites: Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Jan;9(1):43-815675549
Cites: Am Psychol. 1989 Sep;44(9):1175-842782727
Cites: Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 May;9(5):545-915875927
Cites: Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Aug;9(8):841-716104628
Cites: Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2004 Dec;35(4):1005-1115916106
Cites: Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2004;84(1-2):19-2314670342
PubMed ID
22687261 View in PubMed
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Blood exposure: factors promoting health care workers' compliance with guidelines in connection with risk.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179756
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2004 Jul;13(5):547-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2004
Author
Ulla-Britt Lymer
Bengt Richt
Barbro Isaksson
Author Affiliation
Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. ulla-britt.lymer@hhj.hj.se
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2004 Jul;13(5):547-54
Date
Jul-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Blood-Borne Pathogens
Cross Infection - epidemiology - prevention & control
Guideline Adherence - standards
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Promotion - organization & administration
Humans
Infection Control - standards
Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional - prevention & control
Nurses' Aides - education - psychology
Nursing Methodology Research
Nursing Staff, Hospital - education - psychology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - prevention & control
Occupational Exposure - prevention & control
Occupational Health
Organizational Culture
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Socialization
Stereotyping
Sweden - epidemiology
Universal Precautions
Abstract
Health care workers compliance with guidelines, universal precautions, in connection with tasks that could involve contact with patient's blood is unsatisfactory. In a previous paper, we identified different forces that undermine compliance. Socialization into infection control, routinization, stereotyping, perceptions of patients' wishes and the presence of competing values and norms are examples of such forces.
The aim of this article is to describe and analyse different forces that promote adherence to universal precautions. Behavioural variations are seen as a consequence of differences between wards with regard to the safety culture. Safety culture is conceptualized as the outcome of a constant interplay between deactivating and reactivating forces. In this article the focus is on the latter.
The grounded theory approach. Data were collected through interviews with nurses and assistant nurses.
The charge nurse, informal leaders, students, infection control nurses, type of work, availability of equipment, blood-exposure incidents and media-coverage of infectious diseases are described as potentially important for compliance. The properties these agents must possess in order to be influential are also described.
The outcome of an occupationally acquired infection can be fatal. Hence it is important that health care workers take protective measures. The results imply that mere information about safe practices alone is insufficient to achieve that goal. All factors of importance for compliance must be taken in to consideration in clinical work and in education.
PubMed ID
15189407 View in PubMed
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Canadian contingency plan for viral hemorrhagic fevers and other related diseases.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature209663
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 1997 Jan;23 Suppl 1:i-iii, 1-13; i-iii, 1-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1997

Cluster of severe acute respiratory syndrome cases among protected health-care workers--Toronto, Canada, April 2003.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature184950
Source
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2003 May 16;52(19):433-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-16-2003
Source
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2003 May 16;52(19):433-6
Date
May-16-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cluster analysis
Cross Infection
Health Personnel
Humans
Infection Control
Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Ontario - epidemiology
SARS Virus - isolation & purification
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy - transmission
Abstract
Infections among health-care workers (HCWs) have been a common feature of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) since its emergence. The majority of these infections have occurred in locations where infection-control precautions either had not been instituted or had been instituted but were not followed. Recommended infection-control precautions include the use of negative-pressure isolation rooms where available; N95 or higher level of respiratory protection; gloves, gowns, and eye protection; and careful hand hygiene. This report summarizes a cluster of SARS cases among HCWs in a hospital that occurred despite apparent compliance with recommended infection-control precautions.
PubMed ID
12807083 View in PubMed
Less detail

Could the death of a BC or nurse have been prevented by using the hands-free technique?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature159360
Source
Can Oper Room Nurs J. 2007 Dec;25(4):8, 10-1, 19-20 passim
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2007
Author
Ted Haines
Bernadette Stringer
Author Affiliation
Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences at McMaster University, Hamilton, ON.
Source
Can Oper Room Nurs J. 2007 Dec;25(4):8, 10-1, 19-20 passim
Date
Dec-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
British Columbia
Canada
Hepatitis C - prevention & control - transmission
Humans
Infection Control - methods
Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional - prevention & control
Middle Aged
Needlestick Injuries - prevention & control
Risk Management
Abstract
In 1991, Bernadette Stringer, a long time BC Nurses' Union health and safety representative, learned about the death of a 48 year old Victoria, B.C., OR nurse who had sustained a hepatitis C contaminated needlestick. This incident led to a study evaluating the hands-free technique's ability to decrease the risk of percutaneous injury, glove tear and mucocutaneous contamination during surgery that Ms. Stringer carried out in partial fulfillment of her Ph.D. (granted in 1998, by McGill University's Joint Departments of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, in the Faculty of Medicine). That study's main findings were published in 2002 in one of the British Medical Journal's publications, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. The following article will discuss aspects of Bev Holmwood's case, review the literature on the hands-free technique, and describe a new study that has again evaluated the hands-free technique's effectiveness.
PubMed ID
18193724 View in PubMed
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74 records – page 1 of 8.