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Do low-income lone mothers compromise their nutrition to feed their children?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature186223
Source
CMAJ. 2003 Mar 18;168(6):686-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-18-2003
Author
Lynn McIntyre
N Theresa Glanville
Kim D Raine
Jutta B Dayle
Bonnie Anderson
Noreen Battaglia
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Health Professions, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS. Lynn.McIntyre@dal.ca
Source
CMAJ. 2003 Mar 18;168(6):686-91
Date
Mar-18-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child Care - economics - psychology
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Child, Preschool
Diet Surveys
Energy intake
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Food - economics - utilization
Male
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Mothers - psychology
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Nutritional Status
Poverty - economics - psychology
Prince Edward Island
Questionnaires
Self Care - economics - psychology
Single Parent - psychology
Vulnerable Populations - psychology
Abstract
Women who live in disadvantaged circumstances in Canada exhibit dietary intakes below recommended levels, but their children often do not. One reason for this difference may be that mothers modify their own food intake to spare their children nutritional deprivation. The objective of our study was to document whether or not low-income lone mothers compromise their own diets to feed their children.
We studied 141 low-income lone mothers with at least 2 children under the age of 14 years who lived in Atlantic Canada. Women were identified through community organizations using a variety of recruitment strategies. The women were asked weekly for 1 month to recall their food intake over the previous 24 hours; they also reported their children's (n = 333) food intake. Mothers also completed a questionnaire about "food insecurity," that is, a lack of access to adequate, nutritious food through socially acceptable means, during each interview.
Household food insecurity was reported by 78% of mothers during the study month. Mothers' dietary intakes and the adequacy of intake were consistently poorer than their children's intake overall and over the course of a month. The difference in adequacy of intake between mothers and children widened from Time 1, when the family had the most money to purchase food, to Time 4, when the family had the least money. The children experienced some improvement in nutritional intake at Time 3, which was possibly related to food purchases for them associated with receipt of the Child Tax Benefit Credit or the Goods and Services Tax Credit.
Our study demonstrates that low-income lone mothers compromise their own nutritional intake in order to preserve the adequacy of their children's diets.
Notes
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Comment On: CMAJ. 2003 Mar 18;168(6):709-1012642427
PubMed ID
12642423 View in PubMed
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