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Adaptation and sustainability in a small Arctic community: Results of an agent-based simulation model

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76415
Source
Arctic. 2004 Dec;57(4):401-414
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2004
  1 website  
Author
Berman, M
Nicolson, C
Kofinas, G
Tetlichi, J
Martin, S.
Source
Arctic. 2004 Dec;57(4):401-414
Date
Dec-2004
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Arctic indigenous peoples
Subsistence communities
Old Crow, Yukon, Canada
Abstract
Climate warming and resource development could alter key Arctic ecosystem functions that support fish and wildlife resources harvested by local indigenous communities. A different set of global forces - government policies and tourism markets - increasingly directs local cash economies that communities use to support subsistence activities. Agent-based computational models (ABMs) contribute to an integrated assessment of community sustainability by simulating how people interact with each other and adapt to changing economic and environmental conditions. Relying on research and local knowledge to provide rules and parameters for individual and collective decision making, our ABM generates hypothetical social histories as adaptations to scenario-driven changes in environmental and economic conditions. The model generates projections for wage employment, cash income, subsistence harvests, and demographic change over four decades based on a set of user-defined scenarios for climate change, subsistence resources, development, and government spending. Model outcomes assess how scenarios associated with economic and climate change might affect the local economy, resource harvests, and the well-being of residents for the Western Arctic Canadian community of Old Crow, Yukon. The economic and demographic outcomes suggest implications for less quantifiable social and cultural changes. The model can serve as a discussion tool for a fuller exploration of community sustainability and adaptation issues.
Notes
Consortium Library holds this periodical. Entire December issue focused on Arctic human dimensions research.
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Annual Report 2015-2016 : Inuit Circumpolar Council (Canada).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297096
Source
Inuit Circumpolar Council Canada. Ottawa, ON. 20 p.
Publication Type
Report
Date
2016
) ................................................. 9 UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES (UNDRIP) ........................... 9 ADVANCING AND PROMOTING INUIT KNOWLEDGE IN ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH THROUGH RESEARCH
  1 document  
Source
Inuit Circumpolar Council Canada. Ottawa, ON. 20 p.
Date
2016
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Greenland
Russia
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
File Size
4148616
Keywords
Inuit
Climate change
Biodiversity
Indigenous peoples
Health
Environment
Documents

english_final_2015-2016_annual_report_withcover_fordigital.pdf

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Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy--Declaration and report

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100823
Source
First Ministerial Conference on the Protection of the Arctic Environment, Rovaniemi, Finland, June 14, 1991
Publication Type
Report
Date
Jun-1991
  1 website  
Author
Arctic Council
Source
First Ministerial Conference on the Protection of the Arctic Environment, Rovaniemi, Finland, June 14, 1991
Date
Jun-1991
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Report
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Acidification
Arctic ecosystems
Arctic environment
Arctic indigenous peoples
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP)
Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
Emergency prevention, preparedness, and response
Heavy metals
Natural resources
Noise
Oil pollution
Persistent organic contaminants
Radioactivity
Abstract
There is a growing national and international appreciation of the importance of Arctic ecosystems and an increasing knowledge of global pollution and resulting environmental threats. The Arctic is highly sensitive to pollution and much of its human population and culture is directly dependent on the health of the region's ecosystems. Limited sunlight, ice cover that inhibits energy penetration, low mean and extreme temperatures, low species diversity and biological productivity and long-lived organisms with high lipid levels all contribute to the sensitivity of the Arctic ecosystem and cause it to be easily damaged. This vulnerability of the Arctic to pollution requires that action be taken now, or degradation may become irreversible. The governments of the Arctic countries have become increasingly aware of the need for, and their responsibility to combat these threats to the Arctic ecosystem. On the initiative of Finland, the eight Arctic countries of USSR, USA, Sweden, Norway, Iceland, Finland, Denmark and Canada have met to prepare a strategy to protect the Arctic environment.
Notes
Print copy available upon request at the Alaska Medical Library, located on the second floor of UAA/APU Consortium Library. Ask for accession no. 100823.
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Arctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic (ANSIPRA).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296403
Source
Second AMAP International Symposium on Environmental Pollution of the Arctic. Rovaniemi, 1-4 October 2002. Poster session I01.
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2002
Second AMAP International Symposium on Environmental Pollution of the Arctic. Rovaniemi, 1-4 October 2002 P – I01 Arctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic (ANSIPRA) Winfried K. Dallmann Norwegian Polar Institute, N-9296 Tromsø, Norway Indigenous
  1 document  
Author
Dallmann, Winfried K.
Author Affiliation
Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway
Source
Second AMAP International Symposium on Environmental Pollution of the Arctic. Rovaniemi, 1-4 October 2002. Poster session I01.
Date
2002
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
File Size
338240
Keywords
Indigenous peoples
Internet website
Documents
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Arctic pollution issues: A state of the Arctic environment report

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature99515
Date
1997
  1 document     1 website  
Author
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP)
Date
1997
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Acidification
Arctic haze
Arctic residents
Climate change
Contaminant pathways
Contamination levels, trends, and effects
Geographical areas of concern
Heavy metals
Human exposure
Human health
Indigenous peoples
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Petroleum hydrocarbons
Polar ecology
Pollution
Potential threats
Radioactivity
Abstract
The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), established in 1991 under the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS), was given the responsibility to monitor the levels and assess the effects of selected anthropogenic pollutants in all compartments of the Arctic. This is the first AMAP assessment report, and it represents a collaborative effort involving over 400scientists and administrators. It is based on AMAP-coordinatednational and international monitoring programs within the eight Arctic countries, in combination with data and information from several research programs, including contributions from non-Arctic countries and international organizations.
Notes
Print copy available in UAA/APU Alaskana collection: QH545.A1 A72 1997. Print copy also available in ARLIS general collection: QH84.1.A73 1997
Also available to download from AMAP
Online Resources
Documents

ArcticPollutionIssues.pdf

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The Arctic States' strategies and northern regions' food security.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297084
Source
Economic Annals-XXI (2016), 162(11-12), 32-37.
Publication Type
Report
Date
2016
interest is the state of food supply to aforementioned areas. The authors put forward the measures to actively involve the population of the Arctic regions and indigenous peoples of the Far North in the self-procurement of food by utilizing of indigenous subsistence economy products. Keywords: Rational
  1 document  
Author
Kondrashev, Andrey
Nikitenko, Mariia
Trofimova, Svetlana
Trofimova, Inna
Gotsko, Larissa
Source
Economic Annals-XXI (2016), 162(11-12), 32-37.
Date
2016
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Report
File Size
929754
Keywords
Rational consumption norms
Basket of goods
Siberian Arctic Regions
Food security
Dedicated nature management areas
Minor Indigenous Peoples
Abstract
The study analyzes strategies established by the Arctic states (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russian Federation, and USA) for development of their northern regions, with emphasis to food security issues of the Siberian Arctic regions in Russia, specifically Far North area of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Of particular interest is the state of food supply to aforementioned areas. The authors put forward the measures to actively involve the population of the Arctic regions and indigenous peoples of the Far North in the self-procurement of food by utilizing of indigenous subsistence economy products.
Documents
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Arterial calcification as a marker for atherosclerosis in three Arctic populations

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2891
Source
Pages 306-311 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
atherosclerosis in these populations. Keywords: Atherosclerosis; Alaska; Greenland; Indigenous peoples; Arterial calcification INTRODUCTION Atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta and coronary arteries have been studied and evalu- ated for many years using a standardized method developed in the International
  1 document  
Author
Troxclair, D.
Boudreau, D.A.
Malcom, G.T.
Pedersen, H.S.
Mulvad, G.
Newmann, W.P. 3rd
Middaugh, J.P.
Author Affiliation
Department of Pathology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, USA
Source
Pages 306-311 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska
Arterial calcification
Atherosclerosis
Greenland
Indigenous peoples
Abstract
Accumulation of calcification in the arterial wall in the course of the atherogenic process is considered to be a manifestation of advanced atherosclerosis. In this study of autopsy specimens from Alaska non-Natives, Alaska Natives, and Greenland Natives, comparisons were made of the prevalence and extent of arterial calcification with that of all raised (advanced) lesions in the thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, right coronary artery, and left anterior descending coronary artery, to determine the degree to which calcified lesions track the development of advanced lesions. Calcification was determined quantitatively from radiograph images of the fixed specimens; advanced lesion data on these specimens were available from prior studies. Findings show that the prevalence and extent of calcified lesions closely follows the pattern of prevalence and extent of advanced lesions among the groups. We conclude that calcification is a good marker for comparisons of the prevalence and may also provide a good measure of the extent of atherosclerosis in these populations.
Documents
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Awareness of periodontal disease in a group of northern Canadian children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2862
Source
Pages 163-168 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
to the rationale and reasons behind the disease process. Educators of oral health prevention should incorporate into their programs preventive measures that take into consideration Native culture and traditions. Keywords: Periodontal disease; Canada; Indigenous peoples; Oral health education
  1 document  
Author
Schuller, P.D.
Thompson, G.W.
Taerum, T.
Author Affiliation
University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
Source
Pages 163-168 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Canada
Health knowledge surveys
Indigenous peoples
Oral health education
Periodontal disease
Abstract
Periodontal disease destroys the supporting structures of the teeth. The clinical signs start early in childhood as inflammation of the gingival tissues; if uncontrolled, it becomes the major cause of loss of teeth in adult life. The purpose of this survey was to determine the understanding that a group of 10- to 15-year-olds living in the Inuvialuit, Gwich'in, and Sahtu Districts of the Northwest Territories have regarding the recognition and prevention of periodontal-gingival disease. A total of 953 students, with a median age of 12.5 years, completed the survey. The data, which included rural and urban centers as well as rural and remote regions, were analyzed using the chi-square method. Ethnic and gender differences are reported. Results indicate that girls have a better awareness of good oral health. Non-Native children have a somewhat better understanding regarding the recognition and prevention of periodontal disease. Both Native and non-Native groups share uncertainties with respect to the rationale and reasons behind the disease process. Educators of oral health prevention should incorporate into their programs preventive measures that take into consideration Native culture and traditions.
Documents
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Beyond intellectual property: Toward traditional resource rights for indigenous peoples and local communities

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76454
Source
Ottawa: International Development Research Centre
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1996
Author
Posey, DA
Dutfield, G
Source
Ottawa: International Development Research Centre
Date
1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
Other
Keywords
Activists
Groups
Indigenous peoples
Policymakers
Abstract
For indigenous peoples' groups, activists and policymakers in intellectual property, and all those concerned with the preservation of our planet's biological and cultural diversity, "Beyond Intellectual Property" provides an invaluable and eye-opening look into one of the most provocative and explosive issues of this century and likely the next: the patenting of life.
Notes
Held in ARLIS: K3242.P67 1996
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78 records – page 1 of 8.