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Social service robots to support independent living : Experiences from a field trial.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature282502
Source
Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2016 Jun;49(4):282-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2016
Author
J. Pripfl
T. Körtner
D. Batko-Klein
D. Hebesberger
M. Weninger
C. Gisinger
Source
Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2016 Jun;49(4):282-7
Date
Jun-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidental Falls - prevention & control
Activities of Daily Living - psychology
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Austria
Equipment Design
Equipment Failure Analysis
Female
Humans
Independent Living - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Male
Man-Machine Systems
Needs Assessment - organization & administration
Patient Preference - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Robotics - instrumentation
Self-Help Devices - psychology - utilization
Social Support
Sweden
User-Computer Interface
Utilization Review
Abstract
Assistive robots could be a future means to support independent living for seniors.
This article provides insights into the latest developments in social service robots (SSR) based on the recently finished HOBBIT project. The idea of the HOBBIT project was to develop a low-cost SSR which is able to reduce the risk of falling, to detect falls and handle emergencies in private homes. The main objective of the project was to raise the technology to a level that allows the robot to be fully autonomously deployed in the private homes of older users and to evaluate technology market readiness, utility, usability and affordability under real-world conditions.
During the initial phase of the project, a first prototype (PT1) was developed. The results of laboratory tests with PT1 were used for the development of a second prototype (PT2), which was finally tested in seven households of senior adults (mean age 79 years) for 3 weeks each, i.e. in total more than 5 months.
The results showed that PT2 is intuitive to handle and that the functions offered meet the needs of older users; however, the robot was considered more as a toy than a supportive device for independent living. Furthermore, despite an emergency function of the robot, perceived security did not increase.
Reasons for this might be a lack of technological robustness and slow performance of the prototype and also the good health conditions of the users; however, users believed that a market-ready version of the robot would be vital for supporting people who are more fragile and more socially isolated. Thus, SSRs have the potential to support independent living of older people although the technology has to be considerably improved to reach market readiness.
PubMed ID
27220733 View in PubMed
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