Stroke is independently associated with the common conditions of hypokalemia and supraventricular ectopy, and we hypothesize that the combination of excessive supraventricular ectopic activity and hypokalemia has a synergistic impact on the prognosis in terms of stroke in the general population.
Subjects (55-75 years old) from the Copenhagen Holter Study cohort (N=671) with no history of atrial fibrillation or stroke were studied-including baseline values of potassium and ambulatory 48-hour Holter monitoring. Excessive supraventricular ectopic activity is defined as =30 premature atrial complexes per hour or any episodes of runs of =20. Hypokalemia was defined as plasma-potassium =3.6 mmol/L. The primary end point was ischemic stroke. Cox models were used.
Hypokalemia was mild (mean, 3.4 mmol/L; range, 2.7-3.6). Hypokalemic subjects were older (67.0±6.94 versus 64.0±6.66 years; P