Skip header and navigation

Refine By

2 records – page 1 of 1.

Progressive resistance training for community-dwelling women aged 90 or older; a single-subject experimental design.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature261956
Source
Disabil Rehabil. 2014;36(15):1240-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Gro Idland
Hilde Sylliaas
Anne Marit Mengshoel
Renate Pettersen
Astrid Bergland
Source
Disabil Rehabil. 2014;36(15):1240-8
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Aged, 80 and over
Feasibility Studies
Female
Humans
Independent living
Mobility Limitation
Muscle Strength - physiology
Norway
Postural Balance - physiology
Program Evaluation
Resistance Training - methods - organization & administration
Treatment Outcome
Walking - physiology
Abstract
To examine the effect and feasibility of a 12-week programme of progressive resistance exercise on a group of nonagenarian (=90 years) community-dwelling women.
An A-B single-subject experimental design was applied. Visual analyses were used for estimating the effect of the intervention. Outcome measurements were: Timed Up and Go (TUG), comfortable walking speed and 30-s chair stands. The programme comprised four exercises, following the principle of overload, aiming at improving strength in the main muscle groups. Feasibility of the progressive resistance intervention was assessed by recording the recruitment of participants, adherence to the intervention and adverse events.
Twenty-seven women were invited; eight women aged 90 and above agreed to participate and six completed the study. They suffered from one to 10 chronic medical conditions. All improved their performance in the TUG test. Five of the six participants achieved a higher walking speed (11-59%) and four of them improved on the 30-s chair-stand test with five to 10 stands. No major adverse events were reported.
Progressive resistance training was a safe and efficient method to enhance mobility and increase lower body strength in this heterogeneous group of nonagenarian community-dwelling women.
Progressive resistance (PRT) training was found to be a safe and efficient method to enhance mobility and increase lower body strength in a group of community-dwelling women 90+. Participants with the poorest initial functional performance had great benefits, and the improvements appeared already after a few weeks of PRT. PRT might be useful in the rehabilitation field and could be implemented in facilities such as day care and senior centres frequented by very old persons with mobility limitations.
PubMed ID
24093596 View in PubMed
Less detail

Progressive strength training in older patients after hip fracture: a randomised controlled trial.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature137788
Source
Age Ageing. 2011 Mar;40(2):221-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2011
Author
Hilde Sylliaas
Therese Brovold
Torgeir Bruun Wyller
Astrid Bergland
Author Affiliation
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway. hilde.sylliaas@medisin.uio.no
Source
Age Ageing. 2011 Mar;40(2):221-7
Date
Mar-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging
Chi-Square Distribution
Exercise Test
Female
Fracture Fixation
Hip Fractures - physiopathology - rehabilitation - surgery
Humans
Independent living
Male
Muscle strength
Norway
Postural Balance
Questionnaires
Recovery of Function
Resistance Training
Single-Blind Method
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Walking
Abstract
the aim of this study was to assess the effect of a 3-month strength-training programme on functional performance and self-rated health in a group of home-dwelling older hip fracture patients.
randomised, controlled; single-blind parallel-group trial.
intervention at outpatient's clinic.
one hundred and fifty patients with surgical fixation for a hip fracture.
strength training was integrated into all stages of the programme. The programme comprised four exercises, half of them in a standing position, performed at 80% of maximum. Measurements were taken after the 3-month intervention. The primary outcome measurement was the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). Secondary outcomes were results of the sit-to-stand test, Timed Up-and-Go test, maximal gait speed, 6-min walk test, Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living scale and the SF-12 health status questionnaire.
at baseline, there were no significant between-group differences. At follow-up, the intervention group showed highly significant improvements both in the primary endpoint (BBS, mean difference 4.7 points) and in secondary endpoints of tapping strength, mobility and instrumental activities of daily living.
home-dwelling hip fracture patients can benefit from an extended supervised strength-training programme in a rehabilitation setting. These patients are capable of high-intensity strength training, which should optimise gains in physical function, strength and balance. Resistance exercise training seems to influence functional performance adaptation.
PubMed ID
21247887 View in PubMed
Less detail