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36 records – page 1 of 4.

[Acoustic neuroma in Iceland for 30 years (1979-2009)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature112606
Source
Laeknabladid. 2013 Jun;99(6):289-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2013
Author
Thorsteinn H Gudmundsson
Hannes Petersen
Author Affiliation
thhg86@gmail.com
Source
Laeknabladid. 2013 Jun;99(6):289-92
Date
Jun-2013
Language
Icelandic
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Dizziness - epidemiology
Facial Paralysis - epidemiology
Hearing Loss - epidemiology
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Incidental Findings
Neuroma, Acoustic - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy
Otologic Surgical Procedures - adverse effects
Radiosurgery - adverse effects
Retrospective Studies
Time Factors
Tinnitus - epidemiology
Treatment Outcome
Watchful Waiting
Abstract
Acoustic neuroma (AN) is a tumor of the 8th cranial nerve. The goal of this study was to find the incidence of AN in Iceland from 1979 - 2009 as well as investigate other epidemiological factors.
The group of patients with the AN diagnosis was gathered retrospectively through medical records. We looked at several epidemiological factors including age and symptoms at diagnosis, and the treatment chosen for each individual.
The incidence rate of AN in Iceland is 1.24/100,000. About 10% of diagnosed tumors were found incidentally. Most of those were found in the last 10 years of the investigation and in that period fewer large and giant tumors at diagnosis. Present complaints of patients at diagnosis were hearing loss (69%), dysequilibrium/dizziness (47%) and tinnitus (43%). Treatments were surgery (n=47), observation (n=30) and gamma knife radiosurgery (n=16). We had information concerning postoperative hearing loss and facial paralysis in 39 patients who underwent surgery. Loss of hearing postoperatively occurred in 69% (n=27) and 44% (n=17) had facial paralysis. For an average of 3.5 years, 17% of tumors followed by imaging grew.
The incidence of AN is similar to that in Europe and is increasing. More tumors are found incidentally. Small tumors can be followed by regular imaging, at least for the short term. Larger tumors are treated by surgery or gamma knife radiosurgery. A high percentage of patients receiving surgery lost their hearing postoperatively.
PubMed ID
23813227 View in PubMed
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[Acute flank pain syndrome: a common presentation of acute renal failure in young men in Iceland].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135735
Source
Laeknabladid. 2011 Apr;97(4):215-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2011
Author
Helga Margret Skuladottir
Margret Birna Andresdottir
Sverrir Hardarson
Margret Arnadottir
Author Affiliation
Lyflækningadeild, Karolinska háskólasjúkrahúsinu, Stokkhólmi, (áður lyflækningasviði Landspítala).
Source
Laeknabladid. 2011 Apr;97(4):215-21
Date
Apr-2011
Language
Icelandic
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Acute Kidney Injury - epidemiology
Adult
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects - epidemiology
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal - adverse effects
Flank Pain - epidemiology
Hospitals, University - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Male
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Syndrome
Time Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to calculate the incidence of the acute flank pain syndrome in Iceland and to describe the case series.
The hospital records of those who fulfilled the following criteria were studied: age 18-41 years, acute renal failure, and a visit to Landspitali University Hospital in 1998-2007. The acute flank pain syndrome was defined as severe flank pain in combination with acute renal failure, unexplained except for the possible consumption of NSAIDs, ethanol or both. Information was collected about the sales of NSAIDs.
One hundred and six patients had acute renal failure. Of those, 21 had the acute flank pain syndrome (20%). The annual incidence of the acute flank pain syndrome increased threefold during the study period. The average incidence was 3.2/100.000/year (relative to the population of the Reykjavik area) and 2.0/100.000/year (relative to the population of Iceland). 18 patients were male and the median age was 26 (19-35) years. The symptoms regressed spontaneously during a few days or weeks. There was history of NSAID intake in 15, ethanol consumption in 15, either in 20, and both in nine patients. The sales figures of NSAIDs were high and they increased during the study period, especially those of the over-the-counter sales of ibuprofen.
The incidence of the acute flank pain syndrome was high. The paper describes the largest case series that has been published since the withdrawal of suprofen in 1987. Young people should be warned about consuming NSAIDs during or directly after binge drinking.
PubMed ID
21451200 View in PubMed
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[Adenocarcinoma of the appendix in Iceland 1990-2009. A population based study].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146374
Source
Laeknabladid. 2011 Oct;97(10):537-42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2011
Author
Halla Vidarsdottir
Jón Gunnlaugur Jónasson
Pall Helgi Möller
Source
Laeknabladid. 2011 Oct;97(10):537-42
Date
Oct-2011
Language
Icelandic
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenocarcinoma - epidemiology - mortality - secondary - therapy
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Appendectomy
Appendiceal Neoplasms - epidemiology - mortality - pathology - therapy
Biopsy
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
Colectomy
Female
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Staging
Retrospective Studies
Survival Analysis
Survival Rate
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Adenocarcinoma of the appendix is less than 0.5% of all gastrointestinal cancers. The aim of this study was to analyse the incidence, symptoms, pathology and treatment of appendiceal adenocarcinoma in a well defined cohort as well as the prognosis of the patients.
This is a retrospective study on all patients diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the appendix in Iceland from 1990-2009. Information on epidemiological factors, survival and treatment was collected. All histological material was reviewed. Overall survival was estimated with median follow up of 15 months (range, 0-158).
A total of 22 patients were diagnosed with appendiceal adenocarinoma in the study period (median age 63 yrs, range: 30-88, 50% males). Age-standardized incidence was 0.4/100,000/year. The most common symptom was abdominal pain (n=10). Eight patients had clinical signs of appendicitis. Most patients were diagnosed at operation or at pathological examination but one patient was diagnosed at autopsy. Five patients had an appendectomy and 11 a right hemicolectomy. One patient was not operated on and in three patients only a biopsy was taken. Twelve patients had chemotherapy and seven of them for metastatic disease. Eight patients had adenocarcinoma, seven mucinous adenocarcinoma, three signet ring adenocarcinoma, one mixed goblet cell carcinoid and mucinous adenocarcinoma,one mixed adenocarcinoma and signet ring adenocarcinoma and two a mucinous tumour of unknown malignant potential. In eight cases the tumor originated in adenoma. Most of the patients had a stage IV disease (n=13), three stage III, three stage II and three stage I. Operative mortality was 4.8% (n=1). Disease specific five year survival was 54% but overall five year survival was 44% respectively.
Adenocarcinoma of the appendix is a rare disease. No patients were diagnosed pre-operatively. Over half of the patients presented with stage IV disease.
PubMed ID
21998147 View in PubMed
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[An evaluation of diagnosis and treatment of acute sinusitis at three health care centers].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature141008
Source
Laeknabladid. 2010 Sep;96(9):531-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2010
Author
Jón Pálmi Oskarsson
Sigurdur Halldórsson
Author Affiliation
palmio@internet.is
Source
Laeknabladid. 2010 Sep;96(9):531-5
Date
Sep-2010
Language
Icelandic
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Community Health Centers - statistics & numerical data
Diagnostic Tests, Routine - statistics & numerical data
Drug Utilization
Guideline Adherence
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care) - statistics & numerical data
Physician's Practice Patterns - statistics & numerical data
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Retrospective Studies
Sinusitis - diagnosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of acute sinusitis at three health care centers in northern and eastern Iceland.
Information on all those diagnosed with acute sinusitis (ICD 10 J01.0, J01.9) in the year 2004 at the communal health care centers in Akureyri, Husavik and Egilsstadir was obtained retrospectively from computerized clinical records. Key factors used for diagnosis and treatment were recorded. In order to obtain an equal distribution in population size only about one-third of the diagnoses made in Akureyri were included in the search (the first ten days of every month).
The search yielded a total of 468 individuals. The average incidence of acute sinusitis was found to be 3.4 per 100 inhabitants per year. Adherence to clinical guidelines (albeit from other countries) regarding diagnosis of bacterial sinusitis was nearly nonexistent. There were considerable differences found between health care centers as to whether x-rays were used for diagnostic purposes. Blood tests were hardly used at all. The disease was diagnosed over the telephone in 28% of the cases (Husavik 38%, Akureyri 32%, Egilsstadir 10%). Over 90% of all individuals diagnosed with acute sinusitis received antibiotics, regardless of symptom duration. The antibiotics most often prescribed were Doxycyclin and Amoxicillin.
The incidence of acute sinusitis in these three communities seems to be similar to other western countries. Acute bacterial sinusitis seems to be overdiagnosed and the use of antibiotics is in no context with clinical guidelines. Our results support the hypothesis that physicians tend to regard acute sinusitis as a bacterial disease, and treat it accordingly.
PubMed ID
20820069 View in PubMed
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[Anorexia nervosa in psychiatric units in Iceland 1983-2008, incidence of admissions, psychiatric comorbidities and mortality].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138674
Source
Laeknabladid. 2010 Dec;96(12):747-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2010
Author
Anna Sigurdardottir
Sigurdur Pall Palsson
Gudlaug Thorsteinsdottir
Author Affiliation
gudlthor@landspitali.is.
Source
Laeknabladid. 2010 Dec;96(12):747-53
Date
Dec-2010
Language
Icelandic
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Anorexia Nervosa - epidemiology - mortality - psychology - therapy
Body mass index
Child
Commitment of Mentally Ill - statistics & numerical data
Comorbidity
Female
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Length of Stay
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Psychiatric Department, Hospital - statistics & numerical data
Retrospective Studies
Self-Injurious Behavior - epidemiology
Suicide, Attempted
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Abstract
Information is scarce concerning the incidence of anorexia nervosa (AN) in psychiatric facilities in Iceland. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of admissions, comorbidity and mortality of patients who were admitted to psychiatric units in Iceland, diagnosed with AN in 1983-2008.
The study is retrospective. 140 medical records with an AN or atypical eating disorder diagnosis according to the ICD-9 and ICD-10 were reviewed. Final sample was 84 patients with confirmed AN diagnosis.
Five men and 79 women were admitted to a psychiatric inpatient ward for the first time diagnosed with AN. Average age was 18.7 years. Incidence of admissions for both sexes in the first part of the study period (1983-1995) was 1.43/100.000 persons/year, 11-46 years old, but in the second part (1996-2008) 2.91. The increase was statistically significant (RR=2.03 95% CI 1.28-3.22) and can mainly be explained by an increased incidence of admissions to the children- and adolescent psychiatric wards (CAW). Mortality of women was 2/79 (2.5%) and standard mortality rate 6.25. The average length of stay was 97 days, 67.3 days in adult units and 129.7 days in CAW (p
Notes
Comment In: Laeknabladid. 2010 Dec;96(12):74521149869
PubMed ID
21149870 View in PubMed
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Source
Nord Med. 1990;105(10):257-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
K E Jónsdóttir
V H Arnórsson
T h Laxdal
B. Jónsson
Author Affiliation
Pediatrisk avd, Landakotsspitali, IS-Reykjavik.
Source
Nord Med. 1990;105(10):257-9
Date
1990
Language
Swedish
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Bacterial Infections
Child
Child, Preschool
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Meningitis - drug therapy - epidemiology - etiology
Abstract
The article reports on the number of patients in Iceland who in the last 30 years have been diagnosed as having bacterial meningitis, and on changes in the choice of medication during this period. The vaccination of Icelandic children against Haemophilus Influenzae B began in 1989.
PubMed ID
2235469 View in PubMed
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[Bacterial osteomyelitis and arthritis in Icelandic children 1996-2005].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature136834
Source
Laeknabladid. 2011 Feb;97(2):91-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2011
Author
Asgeir Thor Masson
Thorolfur Gudnason
Gudmyndur K Jonmundsson
Helga Erlendsdottir
Karl G Kristinsson
Mar Kristjansson
Asgeir Haraldsson
Author Affiliation
Barnaspitali Hringsins, Lanspitali, Reykajavik.
Source
Laeknabladid. 2011 Feb;97(2):91-6
Date
Feb-2011
Language
Icelandic
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Arthritis, Infectious - diagnosis - epidemiology - microbiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Kingella kingae - isolation & purification
Osteomyelitis - diagnosis - epidemiology - microbiology
Retrospective Studies
Staphylococcus aureus - isolation & purification
Time Factors
Abstract
The main objective was to determine the incidence and causative pathogens of osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in Icelandic children, as well as presenting symptoms and diagnosis.
A nationwide retrospective review was done of all children
PubMed ID
21339523 View in PubMed
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[Burn injuries in children: admissions at Landspitali University Hospital in Iceland 2000-2008].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature139264
Source
Laeknabladid. 2010 Nov;96(11):683-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2010
Author
Lovísa Baldursdóttir
Laura Scheving Thorsteinsson
Gunnar Auðólfsson
Margrét E Baldursdóttir
Berglind O Sigurvinsdóttir
Vilborg Gísladóttir
Anna Olafía Sigurðardóttir
�ráinn Rósmundsson
Author Affiliation
Gjörgæsludeild Landspítala, Reykjavík. lovisaba@landspitali.is
Source
Laeknabladid. 2010 Nov;96(11):683-9
Date
Nov-2010
Language
Icelandic
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accident prevention
Accidents - statistics & numerical data
Adolescent
Burns - epidemiology - prevention & control - therapy
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Hospitals, University - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Time Factors
Abstract
Causes of burn injuries in children are universally associated with social and environmental factors. Epidemiological studies are therefore important in identifying risk factors and for planning preventive interventions.
Children younger than 18 years with skin burns who were treated as inpatients at Landspitali University Hospital over a 9-year period, 2000 and 2008, were included in this retrospective descriptive study. Data was collected from medical records.
Of 149 children included in the study 41.6% were four years old or younger. The average annual incidence of hospital admissions was 21/100,000. Cold water as first aid was applied in 78% of cases. Half of the accidents occurred in the home where a close family member was the caretaker. Risk factors were identified in 11.4% of the accidents and abuse or neglect was suspected in 3.4% of cases. Scalds were the most common type of burn injury (50.3%) followed by burns caused by fire (20.4%) including gas or petrol (14.9%) and fireworks (17.6%). The most common source of scalds was exposure to hot water from hot water mains (12,9%) and heated water (12,9%). The mean time from emergency room admission to the paediatric ward was two hours and 22 minutes. The mean length of stay was 13 days; median 9 days (range 1-97).
Incidence of hospital admissions for burn injury has decreased when compared with earlier Icelandic studies. Children four years and younger and boys between 13-16 years old are most at risk for burn injuries. Stronger preventive measures as well as better documentation of burn accidents are imperative.
PubMed ID
21081791 View in PubMed
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Cancer incidence among female blue collar workers

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102264
Source
Page 645 in G. Pétursdóttir et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 93. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Reykjavík, Iceland, June 20-25, 1993. Arctic Medical Research. 1994;53(Suppl.2)
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
rrrric M,dico/ ''"'"' ro/. 53: Suppl. 2. ppz. 645-645. 1994 Cancer Incidence among Female Blue Collar Workers H. Gunnarsd6ttir and V. Rafnsson Department of Occupational Medicine, Administration of Occupational Safety and Health. Reykjavik, Iceland. Introduction Stu~ies hav~ shown that
  1 document  
Author
Gunnarsdóttir, H
Gunnarsdottir, H
Rafnsson, V
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational Medicine, Administration of Occupational Safety and Health, Reykjavík, Iceland
Source
Page 645 in G. Pétursdóttir et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 93. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Reykjavík, Iceland, June 20-25, 1993. Arctic Medical Research. 1994;53(Suppl.2)
Date
1994
Language
English
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Blue collar workers
Cancer
Cohort study
Females
Incidence
Manual workers
Abstract
The object of this study was to determine whether having worked as manual laborers influences women's cancer pattern.
Documents
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Changes in CHD "risk factors" and cerebrovascular death rates in Iceland 1967-1984.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature55526
Source
Pages 466-468 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988
  1 document  
Author
Olafsson, O.
Sigfússon, N.
Sigfusson, N.
Davidsson, D.
Björnsson, O.J.
Bjornsson, O.J.
Author Affiliation
The Icelandic Heart Preventive Clinic and Directorate, General of Public Health in Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
Source
Pages 466-468 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Date
1988
Language
English
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Cerebrovascular Disorders - mortality
Coronary Disease - mortality
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Hypertension - mortality
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Male
Risk factors
PubMed ID
3272663 View in PubMed
Documents
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36 records – page 1 of 4.