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An immunoprecipitin study of the incidence of influenza A antibodies in animal sera in the Ottawa area.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature252131
Source
Can J Microbiol. 1975 Jul;21(7):1089-101
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1975
Author
R E Fyson
J C Westwood
A H Brunner
Source
Can J Microbiol. 1975 Jul;21(7):1089-101
Date
Jul-1975
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Antibodies - analysis
Antigens, Viral
Antiviral Agents
Birds
Canada
Cats
Cattle
Complement Fixation Tests
Convalescence
Dogs
Goats
Hemagglutination inhibition tests
Horses
Humans
Immunodiffusion
Immunoglobulin G - analysis
Influenza A virus - immunology
Influenza, Human - immunology
Mammals
Orthomyxoviridae - immunology
Parainfluenza Virus 1, Human - immunology
Rabbits
Sheep
Species Specificity
Abstract
A survey of over 600 'normal' sera from 14 animal species by immunoprecipitin tests in cellulose acetate using viron antigens revealed a high incidence of precipitating activity against a broad range of influenza A virus strains, particularly A2hHong Kong/1/68 and /PR8. However, serum treatments trypsin-heat-periodate, NaIO4, V. cholerae receptor-destroying enzyme (RDE), or kaolin eliminated most precipitating activity, which suggests that it was due to "non-specific" inhibitors of influenze viruses. A resistant minority could not be identified as inhibitor or antibody on this basis. Precipitation of the influenza A major type-specific antigen in virus-soluble antigens by human 7S gamma globulin antibody (IgG), demonstrated to be specific for influenza virus, was established as a reference reaction to identify similar immunoprecipitin reactions occurring between virus-soluble antigens and normal or immune sera. Complement fixation tests provided supplementary evidence for the presence of influenza A antibodies in these sera. Influenza A antibodies were found in only a few sera of six animal species: cat, dog, rabbit, goat, chipmunk, and sheep. Thus the animal species examined in the Ottawa area have not revealed an unequivocal reservoir for human influenza A viruses.
PubMed ID
167931 View in PubMed
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Antibodies to staphylococcal DNases in sera from different animal species, including humans.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature229976
Source
J Clin Microbiol. 1989 Nov;27(11):2444-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1989
Author
S. Høie
K. Fossum
Author Affiliation
National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway.
Source
J Clin Microbiol. 1989 Nov;27(11):2444-7
Date
Nov-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Antibodies, Bacterial - analysis
Cattle
Deoxyribonucleases - immunology
Dogs
Goats
Horses
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Immunodiffusion
Norway - epidemiology
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Sheep
Staphylococcal Infections - epidemiology - immunology
Staphylococcus - enzymology - immunology
Staphylococcus aureus - enzymology - immunology
Swine
Abstract
An agar diffusion method using microtiter plates was used to detect antibodies to the DNases produced by Staphylococcus aureus, S. intermedius, and S. hyicus. Antibodies to DNase from S. aureus were demonstrated in most of the sera from the species investigated, except dogs, only 11% of whose sera were positive. Positive titers to S. intermedius DNase were found in 84% of deg sera, 61% of Icelandic pony sera, 41% of pig sera, 21% of human sera, and 20% of cow sera but in only 2 and 4% of goat and sheep sera, respectively. Although antibodies to DNase from S. hyicus were not found in sera from humans, dogs, goats, or sheep, 84% of sera from pigs and cows and 29% of sera from Icelandic ponies were positive in this respect. The good accordance between the findings from bacteriological investigations performed elsewhere and the results of serologic tests performed in this study indicates that the results obtained with the serological method in this study properly reflect the actual antigenic exposure to and distribution of the three Staphylococcus spp. in animals and humans.
Notes
Cites: Acta Vet Scand. 1974;15(4):631-54218065
Cites: Am J Vet Res. 1977 Jun;38(6):787-92879576
Cites: J Clin Microbiol. 1979 Jan;9(1):141-385633
Cites: Res Vet Sci. 1979 May;26(3):356-8515523
Cites: J Appl Bacteriol. 1980 Aug;49(1):1-116776085
Cites: Am J Vet Res. 1985 Jun;46(6):1263-73896065
Cites: J Clin Microbiol. 1983 Nov;18(5):1212-96643670
Cites: J Clin Microbiol. 1984 May;19(5):610-56429188
Cites: J Clin Microbiol. 1984 Sep;20(3):448-526386862
Cites: J Clin Microbiol. 1984 Oct;20(4):806-76490863
Cites: Vet Microbiol. 1985 Apr;10(3):269-773159146
Cites: J Clin Microbiol. 1983 Nov;18(5):1098-1016643663
PubMed ID
2509511 View in PubMed
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Antibodies to tick-borne encephalitis virus in human sera from the western coast of Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature247563
Source
Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand B. 1979 Feb;87B(1):9-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1979
Author
T. Traavik
Source
Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand B. 1979 Feb;87B(1):9-13
Date
Feb-1979
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acetone - pharmacology
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Antibodies, Viral - analysis
Antigens, Viral
Encephalitis Viruses, Tick-Borne - immunology
Encephalitis, Tick-Borne - epidemiology
Female
Hemagglutination inhibition tests
Humans
Immunodiffusion
Kaolin - pharmacology
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Sex Factors
Abstract
Sera from 341 individuals living in the distribution area of the tick Ixodes recinus were tested for tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) antibodies by HAI and gel diffusion. Kaolin treatment was unreliable for the removal of non-specific HAI inhibitors. Seven sera positive after this treatment were shown to be negative after acetone extraction/flotation centrifugation. The antibody prevalence rate was 19.6%. Seventy-one % of the sera had titres greater than or equal to 40. The prevalence rate decreased with age. Some sera with low HAI titres could be confirmed by a sensitive Ouchterlony technique, while some with high titres could not, even after ten-fold concentration. Clinical information obtained retrospectively regarding patients with high antibody titres revealed some cases consistent with a TBE virus infection. Antibody prevalence rates indicate that TBE virus is more active than Uukuniemi and Kemorovo group virus in tick-infested areas. Mixed foci of these viruses have been indicated by serological findings and virus isolations.
PubMed ID
107724 View in PubMed
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Antibody to hepatitis B antigen (Australia antigen) among residents of a Finnish institution for the mentally retarded.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature252553
Source
Med Biol. 1975 Feb;53(1):51-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1975
Author
M. Tevaluoto-Aarnio
B. Werner
W T London
Source
Med Biol. 1975 Feb;53(1):51-9
Date
Feb-1975
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Antibodies - analysis
Carrier state
Child
Child, Preschool
Down Syndrome - immunology
Finland
Hemagglutination inhibition tests
Hepatitis B Antibodies - analysis
Hepatitis B Antigens - analysis
Hepatitis Viruses - immunology
Hospitals, Psychiatric
Humans
Immune Sera
Immunodiffusion
Infant
Intellectual Disability - immunology
Sex Factors
Abstract
Sera from 521 residents of an institution for the mentally retarded near Helsinki, Finland were examined by a hemagglutination assay to determine the distribution and titers of antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs). 36.1% were found to contain anti-HBs. Factors were identified which are related to the presence or absence of anti-HBs in this population. A documented past history of hepatitis, living in "asocial" wards in which at least one HBsAg carrier was present, long institutionalization (is greater than 10 yrs.), admission to the institution between ages 5 and 19, a present age between 20 and 39, and being male were associated with the presence of anti-HBs. 43.5% of the males but only 22.2% of the females had antibody. Down's syndrome patients had lower titers but not lower frequencies of anti-HBs than the non Down's patients.
PubMed ID
124806 View in PubMed
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[Antioxidant status of inhabitants of Yakutia]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature67421
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2001;70(2):13-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
G E Mironova
F A Zakharova
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2001;70(2):13-7
Date
2001
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Antioxidants
Ascorbic Acid Deficiency - diagnosis
Catalase - blood
Comparative Study
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Dust - adverse effects
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Immunodiffusion
Lipid Peroxidation
Male
Malondialdehyde - blood
Middle Aged
Mining
Rural Population
Siberia
Smoking - adverse effects
Superoxide Dismutase - blood
Urban Population
Vitamin E Deficiency - diagnosis
Abstract
Presented are the results of antioxidant status of inhabitants of Yakutia. The intensity of lipid peroxydation depends on professional factors: influence of the quartz dust and smoking. Miners and smokers have high concentration of malonil dialdegide in blood. The SOD and catalase levels did not statistically depend on sex and nationality, but increased in miners and smokers. Insufficiency of vitamins C, A and E combined with immunoglobulins deviations. It should be noticed that country-people have more deviations in vitamin and immune status than towns-people.
PubMed ID
11494664 View in PubMed
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[Application of lectins for determination of antibodies to glycoproteins of leukemia virus in bovine blood serum]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature17915
Source
Ukr Biokhim Zh. 2002 Jul-Aug;74(4):97-101
Publication Type
Article
Author
L V Pirohova
L I Nahaieva
M F Starodub
Author Affiliation
Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv.
Source
Ukr Biokhim Zh. 2002 Jul-Aug;74(4):97-101
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Antibodies, Viral - analysis - immunology
Biosensing Techniques
Cattle
English Abstract
Enzootic Bovine Leukosis - blood - immunology
Glycoproteins - immunology
Immunodiffusion - methods - veterinary
Lectins - metabolism
Leukemia Virus, Bovine - immunology
Surface Plasmon Resonance - methods - veterinary
Viral Proteins - immunology
Abstract
The possibility of using different lectins for the determination of level of specific antibodies to leukosis virus virus in bovine blood serum whit the help of the surface plasmon resonance was investigated. The modification of transducer surface with lectins provides for immobilisation of glycosilated proteins of leukaemia virus. It allows to make selective determination of antibodies to glicosilated protein, the quantity of which more high in blood serum of ill animals in the comparison with the immunised ones. Moreover, the treatment of surface with FGA-P and PLA lectins increases the sensitivity of immune sensor to the specific antibodies in the comparison with the non-treated one.
PubMed ID
14964869 View in PubMed
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Assessment of the relationship of chronic opisthorchiasis to Epstein-Barr virus infection as well as some cytogenetical and immunological parameters in two comparable Siberian regions.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature19721
Source
Eur J Epidemiol. 2000;16(11):993-1002
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
E N Ilyinskikh
V V Novitskiy
L N Urazova
T M Isayeva
I N Ilyinskikh
N N Ilyinskikh
Author Affiliation
Siberian Medical University, Institute of Oncology, Tomsk, Russia. root@ecogen.tomsk.su
Source
Eur J Epidemiol. 2000;16(11):993-1002
Date
2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections - epidemiology - immunology
Female
Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect
Humans
Immunodiffusion
Immunoglobulins - blood
Lymphocytes - immunology
Male
Opisthorchiasis - epidemiology - immunology - virology
Siberia - epidemiology
Abstract
Previous studies have shown an increase in the frequency of chromosomal abnormalities in the peripheral blood lymphocytes from opisthorchiasis patients. Some evidence suggests that there is an association between chronic opisthorchiasis and certain herpes viruses. To study the relationship of opisthorchiasis to the reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection as well as the influence of opisthorchis infection on some cytogenetical and immunological parameters, we used the indirect immunofluorescence for measuring some virus specific antibodies, the cytokinesis-block lymphocyte micronucleus assay, and the quantitative immunodiffusion method for measuring immunoglobulin concentrations in serum. A total of 1,580 people were monitored in two comparable Siberian regions: in the Ob River region which is endemically related to opisthorchiasis caused by Opisthorchisfelineus and in the nonendemic control Yenisey River region. There was no significant difference in each of the tested parameters between two uninfected controls from the endemic Ob and nonendemic Yenisey regions. We have found significant difference (p
PubMed ID
11421482 View in PubMed
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Association of dry eyes and dry mouth with anti-Ro/SS-A and anti-La/SS-B autoantibodies in normal adults.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature51215
Source
Arthritis Rheum. 1992 Dec;35(12):1492-501
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1992
Author
L. Jacobsson
B U Hansen
R. Manthorpe
K. Hardgrave
B. Neas
J B Harley
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Malmö General Hospital, Sweden.
Source
Arthritis Rheum. 1992 Dec;35(12):1492-501
Date
Dec-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Antibodies, Antinuclear - analysis - immunology
Autoantibodies - analysis - immunology
Cohort Studies
Dry Eye Syndromes - epidemiology - immunology
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Female
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Humans
Immunodiffusion
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Rheumatoid Factor - analysis - immunology
Xerostomia - epidemiology - immunology
Abstract
OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the extent to which seemingly healthy, mature adults with mild symptoms of dry eyes or dry mouth share the immunologic features found in patients with Sjögren's syndrome. METHODS. Of 705 subjects in Malmö, Sweden (age range 52-72 years) who responded to a questionnaire, 35% reported some symptoms of dry eyes or mouth. A random subgroup of the symptomatic subjects (n = 77) and an age- and sex-matched control group from among the asymptomatic subjects (n = 32) were evaluated objectively by serologic testing and by various measures of exocrine gland function. RESULTS. The symptomatic subjects had relatively impaired exocrine gland function and elevated levels of anti-Ro and anti-La (1.54-2.88-fold increase compared with the asymptomatic subjects, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.41, 4.03). The 2 autoantibodies correlated with each other (r = 0.64, 95% CI 0.49, 0.78) as well as with selected clinical measures of glandular function. CONCLUSION. The association between self-reported symptoms of dry eyes or dry mouth and anti-Ro and anti-La, found in more than one-third of mature adults in this study, suggests that the immune abnormalities and exocrine gland dysfunction found in Sjögren's syndrome affect a substantial proportion of the general population.
PubMed ID
1472126 View in PubMed
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Australia antigen in hepatitis among Swedish track-finders.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature57167
Source
Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand [B] Microbiol Immunol. 1971;79(3):423-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1971

75 records – page 1 of 8.