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13 records – page 1 of 2.

[Accelerated aging of immune system of the veterans of special risk subdivisions].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature160568
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2007;20(1):96-111
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
N V Alishev
A A Vashkevich
B A Drabkin
T M Koroleva
L S Kositskaia
V M Shubik
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2007;20(1):96-111
Date
2007
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aging, Premature - etiology
Antibodies - blood
Autoimmunity
Female
Humans
Immune System - radiation effects
Immunoglobulin G - blood
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - immunology
Nuclear Weapons
Russia
Stress, Psychological - complications
Veterans
Abstract
Long far after nuclear weapons tests the veterans of special risk subdivisions (SRS) had changes of humoral factors of nonspecific protection, concentration of immunoglobulins in blood serum, lymphocytes sensibleness to respiratory viruses, humoral and cellular autoimmune displacements, raise of turmonecrotic factor content. Some of the revealed changes (complement, lysocim, concentration of immunoglobulins) are bound up with elderly age of examined people and their diseases. The other changes (autoimmune displacements, sensibleness to respiratory viruses) can be bound up with nuclear weapons tests. Some immunology changes occur because of radiation and non-radiation factors, a nervous shock being among them. Estimate of autoimmune changes is important for the health characteristic 20-40 years after nuclear tests and possible radiation influence. The role of such changes is significant in a sick rate of the veterans of special risk subdivisions.
PubMed ID
17969593 View in PubMed
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[Bioeffects of chronic exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields of low intensity (standardization strategy)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature182532
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2003 Sep-Oct;43(5):501-11
Publication Type
Article
Author
Iu G Grigor'ev
A V Shafirkin
A L Vasin
Author Affiliation
State Research Center-Institute of Biophysics, Moscow, 123182 Rissua. yugrigor@rol.ru
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2003 Sep-Oct;43(5):501-11
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Autoimmunity - radiation effects
Bone Marrow - immunology - radiation effects
Brain - immunology - radiation effects
Electromagnetic fields - adverse effects
Embryo, Mammalian - radiation effects
Female
Humans
Immune System - radiation effects
Immunoglobulins - radiation effects
Male
Mononuclear Phagocyte System - radiation effects
Phagocytes - radiation effects
Pregnancy
Rabbits
Rats
Reference Values
Reproduction - radiation effects
Retrospective Studies
Russia
Spleen - immunology - radiation effects
Time Factors
USSR
Abstract
A retrospective analysis of the experimental researches on the effect of radio frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) on human health, carried out in the USSR, is presented. The results of chronic exposure of laboratory animals to EMF have been considered. Apparently, EMF in the range of 1750-2750 MHz with power density up to 100-500 W/cm2 caused in immune globullin fractions, and a development of autoimmune processes. The changes in parameters of reproductive functions and posterity, the increase in embryo mortality were found. The standartization strategy used in the USSR and currently applied in Russia has been discussed.
PubMed ID
14658279 View in PubMed
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[Characterization of immunity status in exposed residents of the Techa riverside villages 50 years after the onset of radiation exposure].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155767
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2008 May-Jun;48(3):261-77
Publication Type
Article
Author
A V Akleev
E A Ovcharova
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2008 May-Jun;48(3):261-77
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Antigens, CD - immunology
Bone Marrow - immunology - radiation effects
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Environmental Exposure
Female
Humans
Immune System - radiation effects
Immunoglobulin A - blood
Lymphocyte Count
Lymphocytes - immunology - radiation effects
Male
Middle Aged
Monocytes - immunology - radiation effects
Neutrophils - immunology - radiation effects
Phagocytosis - radiation effects
Radiation Injuries - blood - immunology
Rivers - chemistry
Rural Population
Siberia
Strontium Radioisotopes - toxicity
Time Factors
Water Pollutants, Radioactive - toxicity
Abstract
The goal of the study was to assess the state of immunity in exposed residents of the Techa riverside villages 50 years, or more, after the onset of radiation exposure. 127 chronically exposed persons and 55 unexposed persons were studied. The mean dose to red bone marrow (RBM) was 0.69 Sv in exposed subjects, the mean dose to soft tissue was 0.07 Sv, the mean dose rate amounted to 0.10 Sv/yr to RBM and 0.02 Sv/yr to soft tissues in 1950. The state of the basic links of the immunity system (cellular, humoral, mononuclear phagocyte system, cytokine spectrum, etc.) was assessed using conventional methods. Exposed persons manifested a significant reduction in the absolute counts of CD3+, CD4+, CD 11b+, CD16+ lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, as well as an increase in the relative counts of CD8+. The group comprised of the Techa riverside residents demonstrated an increased immunoregulatory index (exposed individuals: 1.47; controls: 1.71, p = 0.001). An increased production of Immunoglobulin A and increased proportions of CD25+ lymphocytes were revealed in exposed individuals. Changes in the phagocytic activity of neutrophils and monocytes were insignificant, and were primarily associated with changes in the proportions of pagocytes in the peripheral blood stream. The state of the immunity in chronically exposed individuals at late time after the begin of exposure is characterized by a number of specific features reflected primarily on the cellular immunity. No relationship between immunity changes and accumulated exposure dose and dose rate were noted over the period of maximum radiation exposures (1950).
PubMed ID
18689251 View in PubMed
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Effects of photoperiod history on immune responses to intermediate day lengths in Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature57408
Source
J Neuroimmunol. 2004 Apr;149(1-2):31-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2004
Author
Brian J Prendergast
Staci D Bilbo
Firdaus S Dhabhar
Randy J Nelson
Author Affiliation
Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. prendergast@uchicago.edu
Source
J Neuroimmunol. 2004 Apr;149(1-2):31-9
Date
Apr-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Behavior, Animal
Body Weight - radiation effects
Comparative Study
Cricetinae
Dinitrobenzenes - pharmacology
Environment
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay - methods
Female
Hair - physiology
Hemocyanin - immunology
Immune System - radiation effects
Immunization
Immunoglobulins - blood
Leukocyte Count - methods
Leukocytes - metabolism - radiation effects
Lymphocyte Activation
Male
Organ Size - radiation effects
Phodopus - immunology
Photoperiod
Pregnancy
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Seasons
Testis - radiation effects
Time Factors
Abstract
Seasonal changes in day length enhance or suppress immune function in individuals of several mammalian species. Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) are long-day breeders that adjust reproductive physiology and behavior, body mass, and immune function following exposure to short photoperiods. Photoperiods of intermediate-duration, encountered in nature by juvenile hamsters born in early-spring and by those born in mid-summer, trigger gonadal development in the former cohort and inhibit the onset of puberty in the latter. Divergent reproductive responses to the same intermediate photoperiod depend on a photoperiod history, communicated during gestation. These experiments assessed whether photoperiod history during gestation likewise impacts immunological responses to intermediate photoperiods. Male hamsters were gestated in long photoperiods and remained in long photoperiods postnatally, or were transferred to an intermediate-duration or a short-duration photoperiod; other males were gestated in short days and transferred to an intermediate-duration photoperiod at birth. Long days stimulated, and short days inhibited, somatic and reproductive development; intermediate day lengths either accelerated or inhibited somatic and reproductive development, depending on whether hamsters were gestated in short days or long days, respectively. By contrast, photoperiod during gestation did not affect most immune endpoints. The data suggest that photoperiodic mechanisms that enhance and suppress several aspects of immunity in young-adult hamsters are not responsive to prenatally communicated photoperiod history information.
PubMed ID
15020062 View in PubMed
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[Endocrine function of the thymus and ionizing radiation]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35335
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1995 May-Jun;35(3):391-404
Publication Type
Article
Author
Iu A Grinevich
S V Martynenko
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1995 May-Jun;35(3):391-404
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adult
Animals
Child
English Abstract
Humans
Immune System - radiation effects
Immune System Diseases - etiology - therapy
Male
Mice
Middle Aged
Power Plants
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Injuries
Radiation Injuries, Experimental
Radiation, Ionizing
Rats
Thymus Extracts - therapeutic use
Thymus Gland - immunology - physiology - radiation effects
Thymus Hormones - blood - physiology
Ukraine
Abstract
It is shown that external as well as incorporated radiation inhibit the endocrine function of the thymus in the result of the direct and indirect effects. Postradiation deficiency of thymic hormones plays a significant role in pathogenesis of functional disorders in the immunity system. Immunocorrection with thymic agents is the most effective method when the mechanism of inhibition of thymic hormonal function are taken into account.
PubMed ID
7550899 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Immune state in uranium mine workers having respiratory diseases].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature171369
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2005;(11):40-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
2005

[Immune status of people participating in the clean-up of after-effects of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident living in the industrial region of Donbass]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73319
Source
Gematol Transfuziol. 1993 Jul-Aug;38(7):39-42
Publication Type
Article
Author
V M Frolov
N A Peresadin
S E Kazakova
E F Safonova
Source
Gematol Transfuziol. 1993 Jul-Aug;38(7):39-42
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure
Female
Humans
Immune System - radiation effects
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Radioactive Pollutants - poisoning
Ukraine
Urban health
Abstract
The examination of 286 subjects exposed to radiation hazards when taking part in liquidation of the Chernobyl accident aftereffects was performed to compare persons living under ecologically unfavourable conditions (significant air pollution due to heavy industry) against those living in relatively comfortable environment. It was found that immune status of the former displayed imbalance. In the latter immunity was much less damaged. The findings suggest a conclusion on the role of environmental factors in immunological disturbances in subjects exposed to small doses of ionizing radiation.
PubMed ID
8307292 View in PubMed
Less detail

[International Chernobyl Project. Comments on the information pamphlet 4/91 of 7/10/1991 of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection "Long-term health effects of Chernobyl: initial facts"]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24521
Source
Gesundheitswesen. 1992 Feb;54(2):102-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1992

[Methodologic approaches to the study of the effect of low levels of non-ionizing radiation on the health status of humans in populated areas]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38116
Source
Gig Sanit. 1989 Jun;(6):30-1
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1989

13 records – page 1 of 2.