Young and older homosexual men in four countries (Sweden, Finland, Ireland, and Australia) were compared on a number of psychological, social, and psychometric indices to determine what differences existed between them, and the effect of culture on any such differences. Data show that there are greater differences between younger and older homosexual men as the culture appears more antihomosexual, and that younger homosexual men are less likely to accept their sexual orientation and more likely to accept myths surrounding homosexuality. Younger homosexual men were also more likely to have had gonorrhea (regardless of their number of sexual partners), to prefer receptive anal intercourse, and to have contacted partners by cruising. These data confirm that mental health consequences of antihomosexual environments are most negative where homosexuality is most severely stigmatized.
As it celebrates the 35th anniversary of its founding, the Canadian MedicAlert Foundation wants to educate patients about the importance of using genuine MedicAlert bracelets, or idents, that give physicians access to medical information in emergency situations through a toll-free hot line. The foundation also wants physicians to ensure that patients' medical records contain accurate and up-to-date information.
The frequency of edentulousness has decreased in recent years due to the improvement in oral health. However, there is still a need to address the issue of denture marking for social and legal reasons because the oral status of populations varies in different countries and the wearing of complete dentures will be a fact for the foreseeable future. Given that only one marked denture can tell us the identity of a decreased when all other methods fail makes it a worthwhile exercise. The marking of dentures is not regulated by law in Sweden, but it is recommended by the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare (SOSFS[M]1986), that all patients should be offered the opportunity to have their dentures marked, which they may refuse. In Sweden, the dental laboratories report that they mark all dentures. The Swedish ID-Band has become the international standard and FDI accepted denture marking system, but recent research has indicated that this metal band is not resistant to very high temperatures. Since there is no international consensus regarding the matter we suggest that new materials should be explored.
Drawing on identity development theory, the connection between engagement in sport and identity status was examined. First-year undergraduates (n = 116 sport-involved youth; 67% women; mean age = 18.58 yrs) completed measures of interpersonal and ideological identity status (achievement, moratorium, diffusion, foreclosure), along with behavioral (breadth, intensity) and psychological (e.g., enjoyment, competence) indicators of sport engagement. Using structural equation modeling, we examined the relation between latent sport engagement and identity status in interpersonal and ideological domains. As hypothesized, latent sport engagement predicted greater interpersonal (but not ideological) identity achievement. Consistent with identity development theory, an additional specific relation was observed between lower breadth of sport involvement and higher interpersonal identity achievement. Results demonstrate the value of examining behavioral and psychological indicators of sport engagement jointly, and support a growing body of research linking sport and positive youth development.
Adolescents at-risk for problem behaviors can have more difficulties in developing a firm sense of personal identity. Hence the purpose of this prospective longitudinal study was to scrutinize how externalizing problems in early adolescence impact identity development in middle to late adolescence. Participants were 443 (43.12% female) Dutch adolescents. Teachers rated their externalizing problem behaviors when participants were 11 or 12 years old and their identity formation was studied during five consecutive years (from 14 to 18 years of age). The sample was divided into four groups: boys and girls with a high versus a low-risk for externalizing problem behaviors. Participants completed a self-report measure of identity commitment, in-depth exploration, and reconsideration of commitment. Multi-group Latent Growth Curve and profile stability analyses were used to evaluate identity development across adolescence. Findings indicated that high-risk boys and girls reported a less structured identity, with lower levels of commitment and higher levels of reconsideration of commitment. Since externalizing problems behaviors and lack of a coherent sense of identity might reinforce each other, early intervention for high-risk adolescents might foster positive youth development.