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153 records – page 1 of 16.

[Actual problem of methodology and development of evidence-based health risk assessment associated with chemical exposure].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290154
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):711-6
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
S M Novikov
M V Fokin
T N Unguryanu
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):711-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Environmental Exposure - prevention & control - standards
Environmental Pollutants - analysis - standards
Evidence-Based Practice
Hazardous Substances - analysis - standards
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Public Health - methods
Risk Assessment - methods - standards
Russia
Abstract
Paramount problems of the development of the assessment of population health risks associated with the chemical exposure in Russia are considered on the ground of critical analysis of reports devoted to methodological issues of the risk assessment and guidelines published since 2010. Causes of the lack in progress of risk assessment are discussed. The information of executed research revealed the significant retardation number of Russian publications devoted to the evidence-based health risk assessment compare to worldwide trend. The analysis of publications according to evidence-based health risk assessment in Russia in 1998 - 2012 demonstrated methodical problems to be leading to the underestimation of the real risk to population’s health. There are demonstrated directions in the renewal of methodology and practice of hygienic standardization on the basis of the risk assessment. The comparative analysis of values of uncertainty factors (modifying factors, conversion factors) used for extrapolation and accepted in different countries and organizations was made. The system of extrapolation coefficients of DNEL (Derive No-Effect Level) is presented. The leading principles of modern toxicology and risk assessment based on strict scientific proofs are showed. Criteria of evidence-based toxicology and risk assessment are presented.Among actual problems which demand their decision there are considered: the assessment of combined action in regulatory toxicology; expansion of spheres of the application of health risk assessment methodology; the improvement ofpreparation and certification of experts in the field of health risk assessment; need of check of dispersion models and their replacement by more modern models; the improvement of exposure assessment with taking into account the international requirements; the assessment of regional exposure factors; expansion of atmospheric air monitoring in all the large cities of Russia.
PubMed ID
29430892 View in PubMed
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[Agricultural use of fertilizers: ecological and hygienic aspects].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166778
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Jul-Aug;(4):40-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
I V Mudryi
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Jul-Aug;(4):40-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Chemistry, Agricultural - methods
Environment
Fertilizers
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Russia
Abstract
The paper considers the topical aspects of safe agricultural use of fertilizers. Temporary hygienic standards for the fertilizer levels of toxic elements have been developed: 8 mg/kg for cadmium; 15 mg/kg for lead; 10 mg/kg for arsenic.
PubMed ID
17078293 View in PubMed
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An evaluation of behavioral health compliance and microbial risk factors on student populations within a high-density campus.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature118921
Source
J Am Coll Health. 2012;60(8):584-95
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
Jody F Decker
Robin M Slawson
Author Affiliation
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. jdecker@wlu.ca
Source
J Am Coll Health. 2012;60(8):584-95
Date
2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Canada
Female
Hand Hygiene - standards - statistics & numerical data
Health Behavior
Humans
Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype - isolation & purification
Influenza Vaccines - administration & dosage
Influenza, Human - prevention & control - transmission - virology
Male
Microbiological Techniques - methods - statistics & numerical data
Population Density
Residence Characteristics - classification - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Student Health Services - utilization
Students - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Universities - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
The aim of this Canadian study was to assess student behavioral response to disease transmission risk, while identifying high microbial deposition/transmission sites.
A student survey was conducted during October 2009.
The methods included a survey of students to assess use of health services, vaccination compliance, and hygiene along with a microbial analysis of potential transmission sites targeting specific residence buildings on campus.
Results indicated that most students maintained that they were worried about H1N1 and reported making changes in hygienic behavior, with the majority not planning to be vaccinated. The microbial analysis indicated contamination of fomites in co-ed residences to be higher than either male or female student residences.
A consideration of physical space along with behavioral factors is required in order to properly assess risk pathways in the establishment of an evidence-based infection control plan for universities and their contiguous communities.
PubMed ID
23157200 View in PubMed
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[A new stage in the development of the regulation requirements for preserving and strengthening the health of servicemen].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221707
Source
Voen Med Zh. 1993 Feb;(2):4-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1993

[An unforeseeable disease. Measures taken by the doctors during and after the cholera-epidemic in Copenhagen in 1853]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature99488
Source
Dan Medicinhist Arbog. 2009;37:67-78
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
Ditte Wonsyld
Author Affiliation
Københavns Universitet. ditte_wonsyld@hotmail.com
Source
Dan Medicinhist Arbog. 2009;37:67-78
Date
2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cholera - epidemiology - history - transmission
Denmark - epidemiology
History, 19th Century
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Abstract
When the cholera-epidemic came to Copenhagen in the summer of 1853, the doctors had to deal with a lot of problems. What was the disease after all? How did it spread and was it infectious between human beings? The doctors were not sure and did not agree about these questions, but still they had to handle the great epidemic, which nearly after it ended, had killed 5000 people. This article illuminate some of the problems which faced the doctors in their fight against the disease. Copenhagen was a very unhygienic city at that time with no sewerage, bad water supply, very densely built-up, and densely populated. The doctors wanted the politicians to solve these problems, but it was mostly in the field of better hygienic and nutrition, where the doctors could handle the problems themselves, that something happened. The fear of the disease didn't overrule the political and economic agendas and it wasn't clear which measures that had to be done to combat the cholera. The epidemic itself didn't create many changes in Copenhagen.
PubMed ID
20509452 View in PubMed
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[Approaches to the evaluation of the level of sanitary-epidemiological well-being of educational establishment for children and adolescents].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179645
Source
Gig Sanit. 2004 May-Jun;(3):47-50
Publication Type
Article
Author
V P Kuchma
O Iu Milushkina
Source
Gig Sanit. 2004 May-Jun;(3):47-50
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Foster Home Care
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Russia
School Health Services - organization & administration - standards
Schools
Abstract
A system of comprehensive assessment of the level of sanitary-and-epidemiological welfare of educational establishments is proposed for children and adolescents. Its significant criteria have been established. These included the organization of full-value, balanced and rational nutrition at the establishment; organization of the routine and an educational process. The hygienic assessment of the conditions, which was made by the presented scheme, adequately reflects the sanitary epidemiological situation at the orphans' institutions since it takes into account the main index of the sanitary-and-epidemiological welfare--the health status of their children and adolescents. There was a significant correlation between the physical development of orphans and the parameters of sanitary-and-epidemiological welfare at the state institutions for this contingent (r = 0.689). The organization of nutrition at the institution (r = 0.703), the routine and the organization of an educational process (r = 0.689), the volume-planning and designing approaches (r = 0.687), the organization of physical education (r = 0.697), medical support at the institution (r = 0.688) exert the greatest impact on the physical development of children.
PubMed ID
15197859 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of a risk from aviation noise exposure to the population's health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146283
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Sep-Oct;(5):29-31
Publication Type
Article
Author
M V Fokin
S M Novikov
M S Bespalov
A Iu Reteium
E Iu Oseledets
L V Prokopenko
Iu P Pal'tsev
T M Uspenskaia
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Sep-Oct;(5):29-31
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aircraft
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - prevention & control
Guidelines as Topic
Health status
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Incidence
Noise, Transportation - adverse effects
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The paper gives an algorithm, a procedure for calculation of aircraft noise, and its spread modeling. The performed investigations have provided guidelines that will become the first Russian official guiding document for assessing a risk from aviation noise to human health.
PubMed ID
20050061 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of Moscow population health risk from exposure to ambient air suspended matter].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature145593
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Nov-Dec;(6):41-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
S M Novikov
A V Ivanenko
I F Volkova
A P Kornienko
N S Skvortsova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Nov-Dec;(6):41-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Environmental health
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Moscow
Particulate Matter - adverse effects
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Abstract
Ambient air pollution by suspended matter is an environmental factor that has the greatest influence on the health status of the majority of the Russian Federation's population. There is extensive epidemiological and clinical evidence suggesting that ambient air pollution by suspended matter and its fine-dispersed fractions PM10 and PM2.5 in particular, poses a serious threat to human health. The existing Russian single and average daily maximum permissible concentrations of suspended matter are not a high risk from this type of ambient air pollution and fail to assess human health damage in full measure. To reduce the concentrations of suspended matter and their action on man is currently the worldwide priority task whose performance will save much money. There is a need to change an air pollution monitoring system (continuous monitoring of fine suspended matter of PM10 and PM2.5), as well as to substantiate and introduce Russian hygienic standards for fine suspended matter (PM10 and PM2.5).
PubMed ID
20135864 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of the influence of socio-economic factors on health and demographic indices].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature115862
Source
Gig Sanit. 2012 Nov-Dec;(6):36-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
M I Chubirko
N M Pichuzhkina
L A Masailova
G V Lastochkina
Source
Gig Sanit. 2012 Nov-Dec;(6):36-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cities
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Morbidity - trends
Mortality - trends
Population Dynamics - statistics & numerical data - trends
Public Health - statistics & numerical data - trends
Questionnaires
Regression Analysis
Risk assessment
Rural Population - statistics & numerical data - trends
Russia
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data - trends
Abstract
THE THEME: assessment of the influence of socio-economic factors on health and demographic indicators.
population of municipalities of the Voronezh region.
the justification of the system of measures aimed at stabilizing the medical-demographic situation at the regional level.
methods of Health Statistics; questionnaire.
the low socio-economic status of the population is set in the territories, depressed at the level of demographic development. The contribution of socio-economic indicators in health and demographic situation has been determined Reliable cause-effect relationships between health and demographic indicators and the level of socio-economic development of the population have been identified.
PubMed ID
23457991 View in PubMed
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Association between use of hand hygiene products and rates of health care-associated infections in a large university hospital in Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature91543
Source
Am J Infect Control. 2009 May;37(4):311-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2009
Author
Herud Trine
Nilsen Roy M
Svendheim Kjersti
Harthug Stig
Author Affiliation
Centre of Infection Control, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway. trine.herud@helse-bergen.no.
Source
Am J Infect Control. 2009 May;37(4):311-7
Date
May-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Child
Cross Infection - epidemiology - prevention & control
Data Collection
Female
Guideline Adherence - statistics & numerical data
Handwashing - methods - standards
Hospital Units
Hospitals, University
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Infection control - methods - standards
Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Inpatients - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Prevalence
Program Evaluation
Questionnaires
Young Adult
Abstract
BACKGROUND: An association between use of hand hygiene products and health care-associated infection rates was investigated in a large Norwegian university hospital. METHODS: We conducted an ecologic study by combining data from purchasing and admission systems with data from 32 point prevalence surveys (27,248 patients) in 1998-2005. Data on purchase of hand disinfectants and soap, and patient-days, were collected for 20 bed wards similar to those of the prevalence surveys. RESULTS: The prevalence of infections was 7.1%. We found no significant decline in overall infections (P = .19), but use of hand hygiene products significantly increased from 28.5 L per 1000 patients-days in 1998 to 43.3 L per 1000 patient-days in 2005 (P 9% at study start in 1998 (P
PubMed ID
18945514 View in PubMed
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153 records – page 1 of 16.