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Acculturation and mental health--Empirical verification of J.W. Berry's model of acculturative stress

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature29880
Source
Pages 371-376 in J. Lepp�¤luoto, ed. Circumpolar Health 2003. Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Nuuk, Greenland, September 10-14, 2003. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2004;63(Suppl.2)
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
  1 document  
Author
Koch, MW
Bjerregaard, P
Curtis, C
Author Affiliation
Section for Research in Greenland, National Institute of Public Health, Copenhagen, Denmark
Source
Pages 371-376 in J. Lepp�¤luoto, ed. Circumpolar Health 2003. Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Nuuk, Greenland, September 10-14, 2003. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2004;63(Suppl.2)
Date
2004
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Acculturation
Acculturative stress
Denmark
Empirical Research
Greenlanders
Humans
Logistic Models
Mental health
Models, Psychological
Stress, Psychological
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Many studies concerning mental health among ethnic minorities have used the concept of acculturation as a model of explanation, in particular J.W. Berry's model of acculturative stress. But Berry's theory has only been empirically verified few times. The aims of the study were to examine whether Berry's hypothesis about the connection between acculturation and mental health can be empirically verified for Greenlanders living in Denmark and to analyse whether acculturation plays a significant role for mental health among Greenlanders living in Denmark. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The study used data from the 1999 Health Profile for Greenlanders in Denmark. As measure of mental health we applied the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Acculturation was assessed from answers to questions about how the respondents value the fact that children maintain their traditional cultural identity as Greenlander and how well the respondents speak Greenlandic and Danish. The statistical methods included binary logistic regression. RESULTS: We found no connection between Berry's definition of acculturation and mental health among Greenlanders in Denmark. On the other hand, our findings showed a significant relation between mental health and gender, age, marital position, occupation and long-term illness. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that acculturation in the way Berry defines it plays a lesser role for mental health among Greenlanders in Denmark than socio-demographic and socio-economic factors. Therefore we cannot empirically verify Berry's hypothesis.
PubMed ID
15736688 View in PubMed
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[Additional problems on the shortage of physicians].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102883
Source
Yngre Laeger. 1966 Apr 14;12(8):55-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
14 Apr 1966
Author
Jepsen L
Source
Yngre Laeger. 1966 Apr 14;12(8):55-6
Date
14 Apr 1966
Language
Danish
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Denmark
Humans
Physicians
Public Health
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Adenocarcinoma in exstrophy of the bladder--the last case in Scandinavia? A case report and review of literature.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature26881
Source
J Urol. 1983 Dec;130(6):1180-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1983
Author
K. Nielsen
K K Nielsen
Source
J Urol. 1983 Dec;130(6):1180-2
Date
Dec-1983
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenocarcinoma - complications - pathology
Bladder Exstrophy - complications - epidemiology
Bladder Neoplasms - complications - pathology
Denmark
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Abstract
There have been 80 cases of carcinoma in exstrophied bladders described previously. We describe another such case in which the specimen was investigated by mucin histochemical and immunohistochemical techniques. The epithelial lining of the bladder was colonic with colon-specific mucin histochemistry and contents of carcinoembryonic antigen. In many foci there were dysplasia of the colonic epithelium and multiple colonic exophytic adenocarcinomas.
PubMed ID
6644902 View in PubMed
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Adverse effects on risk of ischaemic heart disease of adding sugar to hot beverages in hypertensives using diuretics. A six year follow-up in the Copenhagen Male Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11267
Source
Blood Press. 1996 Mar;5(2):91-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1996
Author
P. Suadicani
H O Hein
F. Gyntelberg
Author Affiliation
Epidemiological Research Unit, Clinic of Occupational Medicine, Righospitalet, State University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Blood Press. 1996 Mar;5(2):91-7
Date
Mar-1996
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Antihypertensive Agents - therapeutic use
Coffee
Denmark - epidemiology
Dietary Sucrose - adverse effects
Diuretics - therapeutic use
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Hypertension - complications - drug therapy
Incidence
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Ischemia - epidemiology - etiology
Prospective Studies
Regression Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Tea
Abstract
Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and essential hypertension (EH) are two of several manifestations of the insulin resistance syndrome. Although subjects with NIDDM and subjects with EH share a common defect in carbohydrate metabolism, only diabetics are advised to avoid sugar. We tested the theory that an adverse effect of diuretics treatment in men with EH with respect to risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) would depend on the intake of dietary sugar using sugar in hot beverages as a marker. The cohort consisted of 2,899 men from the Copenhagen Male Study aged 53-74 years (mean 63) who were without overt cardiovascular disease. Potential confounders were: age, alcohol,smoking, physical activity, body mass index, blood pressure, fasting lipids, cotinine, NIDDM,and social class. A total of 340 men took antihypertensives; 211 took diuretics (95% thiazides and related agents), and 129 used other antihypertensives. During 6 years, 179 men (6.2%) had a first IHD event. Among the 340 men taking antihypertensives, the incidence rate was 11%. Diuretics use was associated with a high risk of IHD in hypertensive men with a relatively high intake of dietary sugar; the cumulative incidence rate was 22%; in diuretics treated men with a low intake of sugar, the rate was 7%. After controlling for potential confounders, relative risk (95% ci.) was 3.1(1.3-7.6), p = 001. Among the 129 men who took other forms of antihypertensive drugs, the IHD incidence rate was 8%, and independent of the intake of sugar. The results indicate that the risk of IHD in hypertensives using diuretics is associated with intake of dietary sugar, which may explain at least some of the discouraging effects of antihypertensive agents on the reduction of risk of IHD.
PubMed ID
8860097 View in PubMed
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Alcohol consumption, serum low density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration, and risk of ischaemic heart disease: six year follow up in the Copenhagen male study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11258
Source
BMJ. 1996 Mar 23;312(7033):736-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-23-1996
Author
H O Hein
P. Suadicani
F. Gyntelberg
Author Affiliation
Copenhagen Male Study, Epidemiological Research Unit, State University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
BMJ. 1996 Mar 23;312(7033):736-41
Date
Mar-23-1996
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Alcohol Drinking
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lipoproteins, HDL Cholesterol - blood
Lipoproteins, LDL Cholesterol - blood
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Ischemia - epidemiology
Prospective Studies
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the interplay between use of alcohol, concentration of low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and risk of ischaemic heart disease. DESIGN: Prospective study with controlling for several relevant confounders, including concentrations of other lipid fractions. SETTING: Copenhagen male study, Denmark. SUBJECTS: 2826 men aged 53-74 years without overt ischaemic heart disease. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Incidence of ischaemic heart disease during a six year follow up period. RESULTS: 172 men (6.1%) had a first ischaemic heart disease event. There was an overall inverse association between alcohol intake and risk of ischaemic heart disease. The association was highly dependent on concentration of low density lipoprotein cholesterol. In men with a high concentration (> or = 5.25 mmol/l) cumulative incidence rates of ischaemic heart disease were 16.4% for abstainers, 8.7% for those who drank 1-21 beverages a week, and 4.4% for those who drank 22 or more beverages a week. With abstainers as reference and after adjustment for confounders, corresponding relative risks (95% confidence interval) were 0.4 (0.2 to 1.0; P or = 3.63 mmol/l who abstained from drinking alcohol was 43% (10% to 64%). CONCLUSIONS: In middle aged and elderly men the inverse association between alcohol consumption and risk of ischaemic heart disease is highly dependent on the concentration of low density lipoprotein cholesterol. These results support the suggestion that use of alcohol may in part explain the French paradox.
Notes
Comment In: ACP J Club. 1996 Sep-Oct;125(2):51
Comment In: BMJ. 1996 Aug 10;313(7053):365-68760765
Erratum In: BMJ 1996 Apr 20;312(7037):1007
PubMed ID
8605458 View in PubMed
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[Alcohol drinking patterns of the Danes 1979-1992]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10763
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1998 Nov 30;160(49):7118-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-30-1998
Author
H. SÃ¥bye-Hansen
M N Grønbaek
F. Hardt
P U Becker
H T Sørensen
H. Vilstrup
Author Affiliation
Center for Epidemiologisk Grundforskning, H:S Kommunehospitalet.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1998 Nov 30;160(49):7118-21
Date
Nov-30-1998
Language
Danish
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Comparative Study
Denmark - epidemiology
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
A questionnaire-based interview on alcohol drinking pattern in a random sample of 4,016 men and 4,179 women in 1992 was compared to an identical interview from 1979. In coherence with alcohol sale statistics, the average alcohol intake was unchanged in the population. Nevertheless, during the period drinking patterns have changed among Danes. Thus, 20 to 39 year-olds drank less, 40 to 59 years-olds drank more, fewer Danes drank during daytime, and fewer drank on weekdays at the second survey.
PubMed ID
9850616 View in PubMed
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Allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation with nonmyeloablative conditioning in Denmark.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature97098
Source
Dan Med Bull. 2010 May;57(5):A4146
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2010
Author
Tania Nicole Masmas
Brian Kornblit
Henrik Sengeløv
Hans O Madsen
Bodil K Jakobsen
Gitte Olesen
Lars L Vindeløv
Author Affiliation
Haematologisk Klinik, Rigshospitalet, 2100 København Ø, Denmark. masmas@dadlnet.dk
Source
Dan Med Bull. 2010 May;57(5):A4146
Date
May-2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Hematologic Neoplasms - mortality - therapy
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Histocompatibility
Humans
Survival Rate
Transplantation Conditioning - methods
Transplantation, Homologous
Waiting Lists
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Haematopoietic cell transplantation with nonmyeloablative conditioning (NMC-HCT) is used in the treatment of haematological malignancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Use of NMC-HCT in Denmark from 2000-07 was examined. RESULTS: Unrelated donor searches resulted in a suitable donor in 75% of cases of which 36% were transplanted. Among 244 patients referred for NMC-HCT, 72% were transplanted. There was a significant difference in the number of NMC-HCTs between national regions. Increasing waiting time resulted in 22% of the referred patients being taken off the waiting list without NMC-HCT. CONCLUSION: Some patients may have had a chance of cure if they had been transplanted without delay.
Notes
RefSource: Ugeskr Laeger. 2010 May 10;172(19):1456
PubMed ID
20441714 View in PubMed
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[Ampicillin resistant Haemophilus influenzae. 3 documented cases in Denmark]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature41990
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1977 Apr 11;139(15):887-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-11-1977

[Ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae. Prevalence in isolates from Danish children]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35727
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1994 Jul 11;156(28):4141-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-11-1994
Author
T. Ejlertsen
R B Dessau
T. Højbjerg
Author Affiliation
Klinisk mikrobiologisk afdeling, Aalborg Sygehus.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1994 Jul 11;156(28):4141-4
Date
Jul-11-1994
Language
Danish
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Ampicillin Resistance
Child
Child, Preschool
Denmark
English Abstract
Haemophilus influenzae - drug effects - immunology - isolation & purification
Humans
Infant
Abstract
The prevalence of ampicillin-resistance was assessed among a total of 2766 strains of H. influenzae isolated from lower respiratory tract secretions, middle ear secretions, spinal fluid specimens, and blood cultures from children 0-15 years of age tested in two separate counties in Denmark during the period from 1986 to May, 1993. All strains were tested for susceptibility to ampicillin with disc or tablet diffusion technique and strains were examined for beta-lactamase production with a chromogenic cephalosporinase test. In the county of Northern Jutland the rate of beta-lactamase production in non-encapsulated H. influenzae was 2.5% in 1986 rising to 9.3% in 1993. The rate of beta-lactamase production in H. influenzae type b was 4.1% without any rise. In the county of Copenhagen the rate of beta-lactamase production in non-encapsulated H. influenzae rose from 6.3% in 1986 to 10.6% in 1992. In 1993 a further increase to 20.7% was noticed. This year the number of specimens sent to the laboratory and the number of H. influenzae isolated were lower compared to previous years. Thus a different selection of patients may explain the increase in the rate of beta-lactamase production in 1993. The rate of beta-lactamase production in H. influenzae type b was 8.5%. No strains were resistant to ampicillin in diffusion test other than the beta-lactamase producers.
PubMed ID
8066910 View in PubMed
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An independent analysis of the Copenhagen sample of the Danish Adoption Study of Schizophrenia. V. The relationship between childhood social withdrawal and adult schizophrenia

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature40334
Source
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1982 Nov;39(11):1257-1261
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1982
Author
Kendler, KS
Gruenberg, AM
Strauss, JS
Source
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1982 Nov;39(11):1257-1261
Date
Nov-1982
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adoption
Antisocial Personality Disorder - genetics
Anxiety - genetics
Child
Child Behavior Disorders - genetics
Chronic Disease
Denmark
Family
Female
Humans
Male
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Retrospective Studies
Risk
Schizophrenia - genetics
Social Adjustment
Abstract
This study examines the relationship between childhood behavioral disturbances and adult schizophrenia in the Copenhagen sample of the Danish Adoption Study of Schizophrenia. Using blindly rated information from interviews with adult relatives, childhood social withdrawal (CSW) and antisocial, but not anxious, traits were significantly more common in the biologic relatives of all adoptees with schizophrenia and "chronic schizophrenia" than in the biologic relatives of control adoptees. These traits were equally frequent in the adoptive relatives of schizophrenics and controls. Biologic relatives of schizophrenics with CSW were at high risk as adults for development of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Although retrospective bias in reporting childhood traits cannot be ruled out, these results suggest that CSW and possibly antisocial traits are linked genetically to adult schizophrenia.
PubMed ID
7138226 View in PubMed
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123 records – page 1 of 13.