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Evaluation of a school-based cognitive-behavioral depression prevention program.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299209
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2019 Mar; 47(2):182-189
Publication Type
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Date
Mar-2019
Author
Pernilla Garmy
Eva K Clausson
Agneta Berg
Katarina Steen Carlsson
Ulf Jakobsson
Author Affiliation
1 Department of Health Sciences, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2019 Mar; 47(2):182-189
Date
Mar-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Depression - prevention & control
Feasibility Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Program Evaluation
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
School Health Services
Students - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and cost-utility of a school-based cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program.
A quasi-experimental trial with an intervention group and a control group, with follow-up measurements obtained at three and 12 months after baseline, was conducted. The setting was six Swedish municipalities. The participants were students in grade 8 (median age: 14). A total of 462 students (79% girls) were allocated to the school-based CB prevention program, and 486 students (46% girls) were allocated to the control group. The school-based CB prevention program, Depression in Swedish Adolescents (DISA), was presented by school health service staff and teachers once per week for 10 weeks.
The main outcome measures were self-reported depressive symptoms and self-rated health; the secondary outcome measures were adherence and cost-utility. The intervention group decreased their self-reported depressive symptoms (as measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) and improved their self-rated health (as measured by the visual analog scale) at the 12-month follow-up more than the control group ( p
PubMed ID
29226799 View in PubMed
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Religious and Spiritual Practices Among Home-less Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives with Severe Alcohol Problems.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature292684
Source
Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res. 2017; 24(3):39-62
Publication Type
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Date
2017
Author
Dennis C Wendt
Susan E Collins
Lonnie A Nelson
Kelly Serafini
Seema L Clifasefi
Dennis M Donovan
Source
Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res. 2017; 24(3):39-62
Date
2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Keywords
Adult
Alaska Natives - ethnology
Alcohol-Related Disorders - ethnology
Female
Homeless Persons - psychology
Humans
Indians, North American - ethnology
Male
Middle Aged
Religion and Psychology
Urban Population
Abstract
Engagement in religious and spiritual practices may be protective for homeless individuals with alcohol-related problems. However, little is known in this regard for urban-dwelling American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) who have disproportionately high rates of homelessness and co-occurring alcohol use problems. Using secondary data from a nonrandomized controlled study testing a Housing First intervention, AI/AN participants (n = 52) and non-AI/AN participants (n = 82) were compared on demographic variables, alcohol use problems, religious affiliations, and religious/spiritual practices (importance, frequency, and type). AI/ANs who engaged in Native-specific independent spiritual practices had significantly lower alcohol use frequency in comparison to AI/ANs who did not.
PubMed ID
29161454 View in PubMed
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