Abdominal injuries occur relatively infrequently during trauma, and they rarely require surgical intervention. In this era of non-operative management of abdominal injuries, surgeons are seldom exposed to these patients. Consequently, surgeons may misinterpret the mechanism of injury, underestimate symptoms and radiologic findings, and delay definite treatment. Here, we determined the incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of traumatic abdominal injuries at our hospital to provide a basis for identifying potential hazards in non-operative management of patients with these injuries in a low trauma volume hospital.
This retrospective study included prehospital and in-hospital assessments of 110 patients that received 147 abdominal injuries from an isolated abdominal trauma (n = 70 patients) or during multiple trauma (n = 40 patients). Patients were primarily treated at the University Hospital of Umeå from January 2000 to December 2009.
The median New Injury Severity Score was 9 (range: 1-57) for 147 abdominal injuries. Most patients (94%) received computed tomography (CT), but only 38% of patients with multiple trauma were diagnosed with CT
Some studies have found high complication rates and others have found low complication rates after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). We evaluated whether hospital procedure volume influences the risk of revision using data from the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register (NAR).
5,791 UKAs have been registered in the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register. We analyzed the 4,460 cemented medial Oxford III implants that were used from 1999 to 2012; this is the most commonly used UKA implant in Norway. Cox regression (adjusted for age, sex, and diagnosis) was used to estimate risk ratios (RRs) for revision. 4 different volume groups were compared: 1-10, 11-20, 21-40, and > 40 UKA procedures annually per hospital. We also analyzed the reasons for revision.
We found a lower risk of revision in hospitals performing more than 40 procedures a year than in those with less than 10 UKAs a year, with an unadjusted RR of 0.53 (95% CI: 0.35-0.81) and adjusted RR of 0.59 (95% CI: 0.39-0.90). Low-volume hospitals appeared to have a higher risk of revision due to dislocation, instability, malalignment, and fracture than high-volume hospitals.
Cites: J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Sep 5;94(17):e12622992855
The association between hospital teaching status and mortality after pancreatic resection is not well explored. Although hospital volume is related to short-term mortality, the effect on long-term survival needs investigation, taking into account hospital teaching status and selective referral patterns.
This was a nationwide retrospective register-based cohort study of patients undergoing pancreatic resection between 1990 and 2010. Follow-up for survival was carried out until 31 December 2011. The associations between hospital teaching status and annual hospital volume and short-, intermediate- and long-term mortality were determined by use of multivariable Cox regression models, which provided hazard ratios (HRs) with 95 per cent c.i. The analyses were mutually adjusted for hospital teaching status and volume, as well as for patients' sex, age, education, co-morbidity, type of resection, tumour site and histology, time interval, referral and hospital clustering.
A total of 3298 patients were identified during the study interval. Hospital teaching status was associated with a decrease in overall mortality during the latest interval (years 2005-2010) (university versus non-university hospitals: HR 0·72, 95 per cent c.i. 0·56 to 0·91; P?=?0·007). During all time periods, hospital teaching status was associated with decreased mortality more than 2?years after surgery (university versus non-university hospitals: HR 0·86, 0·75 to 0·98; P?=?0·026). Lower annual hospital volume increased the risk of short-term mortality (HR for 3 or fewer compared with 4-6 pancreatic cancer resections annually: 1·60, 1·04 to 2·48; P?=?0·034), but not long-term mortality. Sensitivity analyses with adjustment for tumour stage did not change the results.
Hospital teaching status was strongly related to decreased mortality in both the short and long term. This may relate to processes of care rather than volume per se. Very low-volume hospitals had the highest short-term mortality risk.
This study evaluated the impact of hospital volume on local recurrence and distant metastasis in a population-based series of radical cystectomy patients in Sweden.
All patients who underwent cystectomy for bladder cancer in 1997-2002 in Sweden and were reported to the National Bladder Cancer Registry were included. A high-volume hospital (HVH) was defined as one with =10 cystectomies/year and a low-volume hospital (LVH) as one with pT2 and 69 (11%) were microscopic non-radical. Corresponding figures for the 516 (46%) LVH patients were 35 (7%), 68 (13%), 191 (37%), 222 (43%) and 96 (19%). Local recurrence was observed in 245 patients (22%): 113 (19%) at HVHs and 132 (26%) at LVHs. Distant metastasis was found in 363 (32%): 203 (33%) at HVHs and 160 (31%) at LVHs. Perioperative chemotherapy was given to 193 (17%). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that local recurrence was associated with LVHs and non-organ-confined disease, whereas distant metastasis was correlated with non-organ-confined disease and lymph-node metastases.
In this retrospective analysis, local tumour recurrence after cystectomy was common, particularly in patients with non-organ-confined disease. Furthermore, local recurrence was more frequent at LVHs than HVHs, and overall survival was better at HVHs. These findings suggest that concentrating cystectomies in HVHs may improve outcomes such as local recurrence and overall survival.
Multidisciplinary team (MDT) conferences have been introduced into standard cancer care, though evidence that it benefits the patient is weak. We used the national Swedish Rectal Cancer Register to evaluate predictors for case discussion at a MDT conference and its impact on treatment.
Of the 6760 patients diagnosed with rectal cancer in Sweden between 2007 and 2010, 78% were evaluated at a MDT. Factors that influenced whether a patient was discussed at a preoperative MDT conference were evaluated in 4883 patients, and the impact of MDT evaluation on the implementation of preoperative radiotherapy was evaluated in 1043 patients with pT3c-pT4 M0 tumours, and in 1991 patients with pN+ M0 tumours.
Hospital volume, i.e. the number of rectal cancer surgical procedures performed per year, was the major predictor for MDT evaluation. Patients treated at hospitals with
Previous studies have identified a significant volume-outcome relationship for hospitals performing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). However, scant information exists concerning the effects of increased caseload of PD within the same hospital. Here, we describe the effects of becoming a high-volume provider of PD.
The study group comprised 221 patients who underwent PD between 2000 and 2012. Hospital volume was allocated into three groups: low-volume (
To improve cancer care in Norway, the government introduced surgical volume requirements for hospitals in 2015. To treat kidney cancer (KC) in Norway, the lower limit is 20 surgical procedures per year.
To compare the impact of hospital volume on outcome with regard to 30-d mortality (TDM) following KC surgery.
We identified all KC patients from the Cancer Registry of Norway diagnosed during 2008-2013 whose surgical treatment involved partial or radical nephrectomy. Hospitals were divided into three volume groups: low (LVH), intermediate (IVH), and high (HVH) volume.
Relationships with outcome were analysed using multivariate logistic regression.
In total, 3273 patients were identified. The TDM rate was 0.89% overall, 0.73% for localised KC, and 2.6% for metastatic KC. The mean (median, interquartile range) numbers of procedures for LVH, IVH and HVH were 5.2 /yr (3, 1.3-8.7), 27 /yr (26, 23-30) and 53 /yr (53, 48-58), with TDM rates of 2.2%, 0.83%, and 0.39%, respectively (p=0.001). In a multivariate logistic regression model, tumour stage, age, and hospital volume remained independent TDM predictors. The odds ratio for TDM was 4.98 (confidence interval 1.72-14.4) for LVH compared to HVH (p=0.003). Study limitations include a lack of data for surgical complications and other possible confounders.
TDM is associated with age, stage, and hospital volume. The study supports the new regulation for hospital volume introduced in Norway.
The risk of dying within 30 d following kidney cancer surgery is low. Advanced disease and older age are risk factors for higher mortality. In this study, we also showed that more patients die within 30 d in hospitals performing fewer operations per year than in hospitals performing many operations.
To identify a cut point in annual surgeon volume associated with increased risk of complications after primary elective total hip arthroplasty and to quantify any risk identified.
Propensity score matched cohort study.
37,881 people who received their first primary total hip arthroplasty during 2002-09 and were followed for at least two years after their surgery.
The rates of various surgical complications within 90 days (venous thromboembolism, death) and within two years (infection, dislocation, periprosthetic fracture, revision) of surgery.
Multivariate splines were developed to visualize the relation between surgeon volume and the risk for various complications. A threshold of 35 cases a year was identified, under which there was an increased risk of dislocation and revision. 6716 patients whose total hip arthroplasty was carried out by surgeons who had done = 35 such procedure in the previous year were successfully matched to patients whose surgeon had carried out more than 35 procedures. Patients in the former group had higher rates of dislocation (1.9% v 1.3%, P=0.006; NNH 172) and revision (1.5% v 1.0%, P=0.03; NNH 204).
In a cohort of first time recipients of total hip arthroplasty, patients whose operation was carried by surgeons who had performed 35 or fewer such procedures in the year before the index procedure were at increased risk for dislocation and early revision. Surgeons should consider performing 35 cases or more a year to minimize the risk for complications. Furthermore, the methods used to visualize the relationship between surgeon volume and the occurrence of complications can be easily applied in any jurisdiction, to help inform and optimize local healthcare delivery.
Cites: Stat Med. 2011 May 20;30(11):1292-30121337595
Cites: Acta Orthop. 2011 Aug;82(4):417-2221657972
Cites: Proc Inst Mech Eng H. 2006 Feb;220(2):239-5116669391
To determine whether surgeon or hospital volume effects in-hospital mortality or complications of radical nephrectomy with concomitant removal of inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus, we examine a national population-based cohort. Radical nephrectomy with removal of IVC thrombus is a complex urologic operation, which, similar to other major surgical procedures, may have an association between provider volume and outcomes.
Canadian Institute for Health Information administrative codes were used to identify nephrectomies associated with IVC manipulation in Canada from 1998 to 2007. Canadian Institute for Health Information databases yielded information on in-hospital mortality and complications for the hospital admission at surgery. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of surgeon and hospital volume on in-hospital mortality and complications, adjusting for age, sex, comorbidity, year of surgery, and region.
During the study period, 816 radical nephrectomies with associated IVC thrombectomy were performed on 521 men and 295 women. The in-hospital mortality rate was 7%. Notably, 75% of deaths occurred in the first 2 cases of surgeon experience. Median length of stay was 10 days. Complications were noted in 633 patients (78%). Fifty-eight patients with concomitant cardiac bypass had increased in-hospital mortality and complications. Age, comorbidity, and cardiac bypass were the strongest predictors of in-hospital mortality. Increasing surgeon volume, but not hospital volume, was associated with lower in-hospital mortality on multivariate regression analysis; however, this was not statistically significant.
Radical nephrectomy with associated IVC thrombectomy has significant complications and mortality. Surgeon but not hospital volume may affect outcomes.
Short and long-term mortality after appendectomy in Sweden 1987 to 2006. Influence of appendectomy diagnosis, sex, age, co-morbidity, surgical method, hospital volume, and time period. A national population-based cohort study.
Avoiding mortality is the ultimate goal when managing patients with suspected appendicitis. Previous studies have shown high mortality after negative appendectomy. This national cohort study analyzes short- and long-term mortality after appendectomy in relation to appendectomy diagnosis, age, co-morbidity, surgical method, hospital volume, and time period.
A total of 223,543 appendectomy patients treated from 1987 to 2006 were identified from the Swedish National Patient Register and followed up via the Swedish Cause of Death Register. Analysis of mortality was conducted as Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR) and by Cox multivariate regression.
Negative appendectomy was followed by a higher mortality in the short term (30-day Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR30d) 8.95, confidence interval (CI) 6.68-12.61) than after perforated appendicitis (SMR30d 6.39, CI 5.44-7.48), and remained increased for up to 5 years (SMR5yr 1.31, CI 1.16-1.47). Non-perforated appendicitis had a lower than expected long-term mortality (SMR5yr 0.72, CI 0.68-0.76). These differences remained after adjustment for covariates. Laparoscopic appendectomy had similar short-term mortality as open appendectomy but lower than expected long-term morality (SMR5yr 0.70, CI 0.62-0.78). Mortality was decreasing during the study period. Hospital volume had no influence on mortality.
Negative appendectomy is associated with excess short- and long-term mortality that remains after adjustment for known confounders, suggesting an association with underlying undetected morbidity. This motivates an improved preoperative diagnosis to avoid the additional trauma from unnecessary surgical interventions, but further studies are needed to investigate the cause of the increased long-term mortality and if this can be prevented by an improved follow-up of patients with negative appendectomy. Laparoscopic and open appendectomy have similar short-term mortality. The lower long-term mortality after non-perforated appendicitis and laparoscopic appendectomy suggest selection of healthier patients for these interventions. This possibility should be taken into account when comparing mortality after open and laparoscopic appendectomy.
Comment In: World J Surg. 2013 May;37(5):982-323456224