The analysis was applied concerning distribution of patients' flow depending on nosology forms of diseases and departments of hospital. The integrated value included number of treated patients and duration of treatment. The study established that the main groups of diseases determining the load on corresponding departments of hospital are cerebro-vascular diseases in neurologic department; diabetes mellitus in endocrinology department; pneumonia, chronic bronchitis and asthma in pulmonology department; urolithiasis in urology department; abnormal bleedings of female genitals in gynecology department; trauma of femur in traumatology department; cholelithiasis and cholecystitis in general surgery department. The developed differentiation of patients' flows makes it possible to determine the demand of diagnostic and treatment technologies in the particular hospital.
The goal of this study was to evaluate hospital stays for patients operated on with primary total hip- and knee-arthroplasty (THA and TKA) in order to identify important logistical and clinical areas for the duration of the hospital stay.
According to the National Register on Patients, the three departments with the shortest and the three departments with the longest postoperative hospital stay at the end of 2003 were chosen for evaluation. This took place from late 2004 to mid 2005, and all written material and 25 journals from each department were evaluated, and interviews with the heads of the departments as well as the staff were conducted. The logistical set-up and the clinical treatment/pathway were examined in an attempt to identify logistical and clinical factors acting as improvements or barriers for quick rehabilitation and subsequent discharge.
Departments with short hospital stay were characterised by both logistical (homogenous entities, regular staff, high continuity, using more time on and up-to-date information including expectations of a short stay, functional discharge criteria) and clinical features (multi-modal pain treatment, early mobilization and discharge when criteria were met) facilitating quick rehabilitation and discharge.
Implementation of logistical and clinical features, as shown in this study in all departments, are expected to increase rehabilitation and reduce the length of hospital stay.
Rapid and adequate endoscopic treatment is a vital part of the initial handling of gastrointestinal haemorrhage. A national survey was carried out to study the logistics of the initial handling of these patients. Replies were received from 97% of the hospitals, each of which received an average of 11 patients per month with haematemesis/melena or rectal bleeding. Patients with haematemesis or melena were admitted primarily to medical departments or intensive care units, while patients with haematochezia were admitted most often to the surgical department. 47% of the hospitals performed emergency endoscopy as a routine on patients with red haematemesis, but even in this group of patients, endoscopy was postponed until the first working day in some instances, provided that the patient's condition was stable. The majority of emergency flexible endoscopies are performed by internists, but most hospitals describe close inter-departmental cooperation in the handling of these patients. The situation was deemed satisfactory at 91% of the hospitals.