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Gender perspective on informal care for elderly people one year after acute stroke.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76501
Source
Aging Clin Exp Res. 2005 Dec;17(6):479-85
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2005
Author
Gosman-Hedström Gunilla
Claesson Lisbeth
Author Affiliation
Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Stroke Research Group, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden. gugh@fhs.gu.se
Source
Aging Clin Exp Res. 2005 Dec;17(6):479-85
Date
Dec-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Caregivers - statistics & numerical data - utilization
Cerebrovascular Accident - epidemiology - therapy
Chronic Disease
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data - utilization
Home Nursing - statistics & numerical data - utilization
Housing for the Elderly - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sex Distribution
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of the one-year follow-up was to evaluate formal care and the situation of informal caregivers from a gender perspective. METHODS: The present study targeted elderly persons (n = 147) living in their own homes 12 months after acute stroke, 94 women and 53 men. The median age of the women was 81 years and the men 80 years. RESULTS: A statistically significant gender difference was seen in living conditions. Eighty percent of the women were living alone compared with 28% of the men (CI 48-56%). The informal care given far exceeded that provided by the community: 65% of these elderly people had some kind of informal care and 44% received formal care from the community. There was a gender difference in daily informal personal care, 24% of men and 16% of women (CI 2-18%), and in daily informal household assistance (CI 15-43%). Formal care was provided by the community significantly more frequently to women (56%) than men (23%) (CI 21-45%). The women more frequently had community-based help with house-cleaning (CI 23-39%) and they also more frequently received help with personal care (CI 1-10%). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed statistically significant gender differences in the use of informal and formal care. Elderly caregivers' situations must be given greater attention, since informal care to stroke survivors represents a far greater burden than the care that is provided by the community. Most of the caregivers were elderly women, and preventive intervention measures should be developed in order to enable them to manage their everyday lives.
PubMed ID
16485866 View in PubMed
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Home aids and personal assistance 10-45 years after spinal cord injury.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature91303
Source
Spinal Cord. 2009 May;47(5):405-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2009
Author
Biering-Sørensen T.
Hansen R B
Biering-Sørensen F.
Author Affiliation
Clinic for Spinal Cord Injuries, The NeuroScience Centre, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Hornbaek, Denmark.
Source
Spinal Cord. 2009 May;47(5):405-12
Date
May-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living - psychology
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Disability Evaluation
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Medical Records
Middle Aged
Paraplegia - epidemiology - etiology - nursing - rehabilitation
Quadriplegia - epidemiology - etiology - nursing - rehabilitation
Questionnaires
Recovery of Function
Retrospective Studies
Spinal Cord Injuries - complications - epidemiology - nursing - physiopathology - rehabilitation
Time Factors
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of home aids, adaptations and personal assistance received after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Clinic for Spinal Cord Injuries, Denmark. Uptake area, 2.5 million inhabitants. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional follow-up with retrospective data from medical files. MATERIALS: Individuals with traumatic SCI before 1 January 1991, still in regular follow-up and with sufficient medical record. In all, 279 were included, and 236 answered the questionnaire (193 men and 43 women), with a response rate of 84.6%. Mean age at follow-up was 50.5 years, and mean follow-up time, 24.1 years. One hundred and twenty-six were paraplegic and 110, tetraplegic. Responders and non-responders were comparable. RESULTS: Most common aids or adaptations reported were commode/shower chair on wheels or a seat (69%), grab bar by the toilet (41%), electrical bed (44%), special mattress (28%), lift/hoist (20%), computers (39%) and kitchen tools or cutlery with special handles (14%). In all, 7.6% of the participants reported no aids. Eighty-two percent answered 'Yes' to the question 'Have the aids, you currently or previously needed, been available to you?' The majority reported that their source of information about aid had been various journals and magazines. Twenty-one percent had personal helpers, with 60 h per week in median (range 2-168). Thirty-three percent received domestic help with 2.5 h per week in median (range 0.5-37). Eight percent had a home nurse. A total of 98.7% were living in their own homes. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study of a representative SCI population giving information on home aids. Individuals with SCI in Denmark seem to be sufficiently supplied with aids and personal assistance.
PubMed ID
19002151 View in PubMed
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Home care and intermittent care--a realistic alternative to nursing-home care?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73973
Source
Compr Gerontol [B]. 1988 Apr;2(1):24-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1988
Author
H. Berthold
S. Landahl
A. Svanborg
Author Affiliation
Department of Geriatric and Long-Term Care Medicine, University of Göteborg, Sweden.
Source
Compr Gerontol [B]. 1988 Apr;2(1):24-30
Date
Apr-1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Homes for the Aged - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Intermediate Care Facilities - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Nursing Homes - statistics & numerical data
Respite Care
Sweden
Urban Population
Abstract
An inventory was made among 210 elderly nursing-home patients to investigate the feasibility of exchanging their permanent stay in the nursing home for another form of care and whether they wanted to. The main alternative was intermittent nursing-home care. The patients were assessed as to physical and mental health and social conditions. The majority (62.7%) were considered too ill for other than nursing-home care. In some patients (24.8%) there were social factors, the main one being that they no longer had a home of their own. However, 26 patients (12.4%) were recommended for intermittent care, but only three were interested. From these results it was concluded that if intermittent home care is to represent a realistic alternative it should be offered to the patients before they move into a nursing home.
PubMed ID
3180154 View in PubMed
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Incremental patterns in the amount of informal and formal care among non-demented and demented elderly persons: results from a 3-year follow-up population-based study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature141905
Source
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2011 Jan;26(1):56-64
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2011
Author
A. Wimo
B M Sjölund
A. Sköldunger
L. Johansson
G. Nordberg
E. von Strauss
Author Affiliation
Alzheimer Disease Research Center (KI-ADRC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Anders.Wimo@ki.se
Source
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2011 Jan;26(1):56-64
Date
Jan-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cognition Disorders - mortality - nursing
Dementia - mortality - nursing - psychology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health Services for the Aged - statistics & numerical data
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Home Nursing - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Institutionalization - statistics & numerical data
Male
Rural Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
Elderly care includes complex interactions between formal services, informal care, morbidity and disabilities. Studies of the incremental effects of formal and informal care are rare and thus the objective was to describe the longitudinal patterns in formal and informal care given to non-demented and demented persons living in a rural area in Sweden.
Transitions in the Kungsholmen-Nordanstig Project (n=919) was followed up 3 years later (n=579), presented as different combinations of informal and formal care, institutionalization and mortality. Number of hours spent on care was examined by the Resource Utilization in Dementia instrument (RUD). Bootstrapped descriptive statistics and regression models were applied.
The overall mortality during follow-up was 34%, and 15% had been institutionalized. Of those who lived at home, those receiving only formal care had been institutionalized to the greatest extent (29%; p
PubMed ID
20661877 View in PubMed
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Long-term physical outcome in patients with septic shock.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature151364
Source
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2009 Jul;53(6):724-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2009
Author
J B Poulsen
K. Møller
H. Kehlet
A. Perner
Author Affiliation
Department of intensive Care, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. jesper.poulsen@rh.regionh.dk
Source
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2009 Jul;53(6):724-30
Date
Jul-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Denmark - epidemiology
Employment
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health status
Health Surveys
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Mental Processes - physiology
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Recovery of Function
Shock, Septic - complications - physiopathology - therapy
Social Welfare
Survivors
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Limited information is available on physical function after septic shock. The aim of the present study was to assess the physical outcome in survivors 1 year after septic shock.
The outcome status of all 174 adult patients admitted to a mixed ICU with the diagnosis septic shock in a 1-year period was registered. Survivors were interviewed about physical function and socioeconomic status using a questionnaire including the Short Form-36 survey. The pre-ICU-admission Functional Comorbidity Index (FCI) was also registered.
Of the 80 survivors, two were still hospitalised; thus, 78 were invited to participate and 70 replied (inclusion-rate 88%). Patients were followed up at median 351 days after hospital discharge. At follow-up the patients had a markedly reduced physical component summary score (PCS) compared with age- and sex-adjusted general population controls (36 vs. 47, P
PubMed ID
19388891 View in PubMed
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Morbidity and mortality patterns of ventilator-dependent children in a home care program.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature219711
Source
Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1993 Dec;32(12):706-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1993
Author
M. Canlas-Yamsuan
I. Sanchez
M. Kesselman
V. Chernick
Author Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics, University of Manitoba Children's Hospital, Winnipeg, Canada.
Source
Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1993 Dec;32(12):706-13
Date
Dec-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Hospitals, Pediatric
Humans
Infant
Length of Stay
Lung Diseases - complications
Male
Manitoba
Morbidity
Nervous System Diseases - complications
Respiration, Artificial - mortality
Respiratory Insufficiency - etiology - prevention & control
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
Abstract
We evaluated the effectiveness of the Home Care Program of Children's Hospital of Winnipeg for ventilator-dependent children by retrospectively examining morbidity and mortality from February 1, 1979, to July 31, 1992. For the 22 study subjects, the cause of chronic respiratory failure was neurologic disorders for 14 (64%) (group A) and pulmonary disorders for eight (36%) (group B). There were no significant differences between groups A and B in the average number of hospital days, readmission rate, or length of stay per admission. Eleven patients have remained ventilator-dependent at home, four no longer require mechanical ventilation, and seven died. Factors such as diagnosis, type of family, home location, age at initiation of mechanical ventilation, and initial duration of hospital stay did not influence morbidity or mortality in either group. Within the overall mortality rate of 32% is a higher rate among patients whose disorders initially carried a poor prognosis. Ventilator-dependent children can be successfully managed at home, with few nonelective hospital readmissions, through a well-organized home care program.
Notes
Comment In: Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1993 Dec;32(12):714-78275604
PubMed ID
8275603 View in PubMed
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Preventing repetition of attempted suicide--I. Feasibility (acceptability, adherence, and effectiveness) of a Baerum-model like aftercare.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature91221
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63(2):148-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
Hvid Marianne
Wang August G
Author Affiliation
Centre of Psychiatric Research, Department of Psychiatry, Copenhagen University Hospital (Amager Hospital), Digevej 110, Copenhagen S, Denmark.
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63(2):148-53
Date
2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cohort Studies
Denmark
Feasibility Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - therapy
Middle Aged
Patient Compliance - statistics & numerical data
Patient Satisfaction - statistics & numerical data
Prospective Studies
Recurrence - prevention & control
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Abstract
Repetition after attempted suicide is high with only limited research been put into effect studies. The Baerum-model from Norway offers a practical and affordable intervention. Our aim was to study the acceptability and effectiveness of a Baerum-model like intervention after attempted suicide using a quasi-experimental design. During a period in 2004, attempted suicide patients were offered follow-up care by a rapid-response outreach programme, an intervention lasting 6 months; a control group was established prospectively from a similar period in 2002. The design was an intent-to-treat analysis. The outcome was measured by: 1) participation by acceptance and adherence, 2) repetition of suicide attempt and suicide, and 3) including the number of repetitive acts in 1 year after the attempted suicide episode. Follow-up period was 1 year. Participation was 70%. There was a significant lower repetition rate in the intervention group, where the proportion of repetitive patients fell from 34% to 14%. There were also fewer suicidal acts, in total 37 acts in 58 patients in the control group and 22 acts in 93 patients for the intervention group. We have concluded that the outreach programme has a good feasibility because of high acceptability and adherence, and has an acceptable effectiveness in the follow up period of 1 year. We have therefore initiated a similar study using a randomization design in order to study efficacy.
PubMed ID
19016074 View in PubMed
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Relationship between home hazards and falling among community-dwelling seniors using home-care services.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature145894
Source
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2010 Feb;58(1):3-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2010
Author
B-S Leclerc
C. Bégin
E. Cadieux
L. Goulet
J-F Allaire
J. Meloche
N. Leduc
M-J Kergoat
Author Affiliation
Service de surveillance, recherche et évaluation, direction de santé publique et d'évaluation, agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Lanaudière, 245, rue du Curé-Majeau, Joliette, QC, J6E 8S8 Canada. bernard-simon.leclerc@inspq.qc.ca
Source
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2010 Feb;58(1):3-11
Date
Feb-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidental Falls - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Accidents, Home - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
Checklist
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Female
Floors and Floorcoverings - statistics & numerical data
Follow-Up Studies
Geriatric Assessment - methods
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Incidence
Interior Design and Furnishings - statistics & numerical data
Lighting - statistics & numerical data
Linear Models
Male
Prevalence
Proportional Hazards Models
Quebec - epidemiology
Risk Assessment - organization & administration
Risk factors
Safety Management - statistics & numerical data
Statistics, nonparametric
Abstract
Evidence linking home hazards to falls has not been well established. The evidence-based approach to fall-risk assessment in longitudinal studies becomes difficult because of exposures that change during follow-up. We conducted a cohort study to determine the prevalence of hazards and to resolve whether they are linked to the risk of falls among 959 seniors receiving home-care services.
A home hazards assessment was completed at entry and every six months thereafter using a standardized form. The adjusted (for a number of confounding factors) relationship between home hazards and falls was estimated using a survival model taking into account updated time-varying exposures and multiple events. Falls leading to a medical consultation were examined as a secondary outcome, hypothesized as a measure of severity.
Home environmental hazards were found in 91% of homes, with a mean of 3.3 risks per individual. The bathroom was the most common place for hazards. The presence of hazards was significantly associated with all falls and fall-related medical consultations, and showed relatively constant effects from one fall to another.
The current study is innovative in its approach and useful in its contribution to the understanding of the interaction between home environmental hazards and falls. Our results indicate that inattention to changes in exposure masks the statistical association between home hazards and falls. Each environmental hazard identified in the home increases the risk of falling by about 19%. These findings support the positive findings of trials that demonstrate the effectiveness of this home hazard reduction program, particularly for at-risk people.
PubMed ID
20097025 View in PubMed
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Risk factors for falling among community-dwelling seniors using home-care services: an extended hazards model with time-dependent covariates and multiple events.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature156184
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2008;28(4):111-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
B S Leclerc
C. Bégin
E. Cadieux
L. Goulet
N. Leduc
M-J Kergoat
P. Lebel
Author Affiliation
Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Lanaudière, Joliette, Quebec. Bernard-Simon_Leclerc@ssss.gouv.qc.ca
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2008;28(4):111-20
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidental Falls - statistics & numerical data
Aged
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Algorithms
Benzodiazepines - therapeutic use
Bias (epidemiology)
Body mass index
Cohort Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Gait - physiology
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Housing
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Motor Skills - physiology
Nutritional Status
Postural Balance - physiology
Prescription Drugs
Proportional Hazards Models
Quebec - epidemiology
Recurrence
Risk factors
Social Class
Time Factors
Tranquilizing Agents - therapeutic use
Abstract
The identification of risk factors for falls in longitudinal studies becomes difficult because of exposures that change during the follow-up and also because individual subjects may experience an event more than once. These issues have been neglected and improper statistical techniques have been used. The typical approaches have been to report the proportion of fallers or the time to first fall. Both avoid the underlying assumption of independence between events and discard pertinent data. We review the existing methods and propose a Cox hazards extension. We exemplify it in the study of potential risk factors associated with all falls in 959 seniors. Finally, we compare the results of the proposed Wei, Lin, & Weissfeld (WLW) method with those of several other techniques. Stable exposure variables measured at baseline and updated time-varying exposures include socio-demographic characteristics, BMI, nutritional risk, alcohol consumption, home hazards, gait and balance, and medications. Results demonstrate that the usual methods of analyzing risk factors for falling are inappropriate, as they produce considerable biases relative to the WLW model using time-dependent covariates. Results also show that modeling for first events may be inefficient, given that the risk of occurrence varies between falls.
PubMed ID
18625085 View in PubMed
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Systematic intervention for supporting community care of elderly people after a delirium episode.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature194683
Source
Int Psychogeriatr. 2001 Mar;13(1):37-49
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2001
Author
T. Rahkonen
U. Eloniemi-Sulkava
S. Paanila
P. Halonen
J. Sivenius
R. Sulkava
Author Affiliation
Brain Research and Rehabilitation Center, Neuron, Kuopio, Finland. Terhi.Rahkonen@uku.fi
Source
Int Psychogeriatr. 2001 Mar;13(1):37-49
Date
Mar-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Case Management
Case-Control Studies
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Delirium - economics - etiology - mortality - rehabilitation
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Institutionalization - statistics & numerical data
Intervention Studies
Male
Nurse Clinicians
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Patient Readmission - statistics & numerical data
Rehabilitation - methods
Survival Analysis
Abstract
To investigate the effects of a systematic intervention with a case manager concept and rehabilitation periods compared to standard aftercare in elderly community-dwelling patients discharged from the hospital after a delirium episode.
Before/after intervention cohort study with 3-year follow-up.
Acute geriatric wards of a city hospital and a private rehabilitation center.
The intervention group consisted of 51 community-dwelling people over 65 years of age without severe underlying disorders, who were consequently admitted as emergency cases to the hospital because of a delirious state or who were delirious immediately after admission. The intervention included continuous support and counseling by a nurse specialist and rehabilitation periods at a rehabilitation center. The control group consisted of 51 age- and gender-matched patients admitted to the same hospital for delirium fulfilling the same inclusion and exclusion criteria during preceding years. The main outcome measures were duration of community care, the use of long-term institutional care, the use of short-term hospitalizations during the follow-up, and the death of the patients.
Delirium even in the healthy community-dwelling subjects indicated a poor prognosis. After 3 years, 18 patients (35%) from the intervention group and 9 patients (18%) from the controls were in community care. The mean duration of community care was 671 days in the intervention group and 503 days in the control group, p = .025. A reduction of 19 years was achieved in the cumulative time spent in long-term institutionalized care. The use of short-duration hospitalization was similar in both groups.
The institutionalization of elderly patients after a delirious state could be delayed using rehabilitation periods and systematic intervention with the case manager concept.
PubMed ID
11352333 View in PubMed
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