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39 records – page 1 of 4.

[A lingering outbreak of viral hepatitis A in a children's collective].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198262
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1999 May-Jun;(3):117-9
Publication Type
Article

An outbreak of hepatitis A among homosexuals linked to a family outbreak.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9914
Source
Epidemiol Infect. 2002 Aug;129(1):113-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2002
Author
K. Stene-Johansen
P A Jenum
T. Hoel
H. Blystad
H. Sunde
K. Skaug
Author Affiliation
Department of Virology, National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
Source
Epidemiol Infect. 2002 Aug;129(1):113-7
Date
Aug-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Disease Outbreaks
Family
Female
Hepatitis A - epidemiology - transmission
Homosexuality, Male
Humans
Male
Sexual Behavior
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - complications
Abstract
Several outbreaks of hepatitis A occurred in Norway in 1995-8. Molecular epidemiology was used to follow the spread of hepatitis A virus in the population. Distinct strains of hepatitis A virus (HAV) were detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and subsequent sequencing in serum from patients in different communities at risk of infection. Two HAV strains were detected in an outbreak among 26 men having sexual contact with other men. One of these strains was also detected in a geographically limited family outbreak. The family outbreak was first believed to be acquired abroad. The sequence information linked the two outbreaks, and epidemiological and serological analyses revealed the transmission route. This study demonstrates the importance of molecular epidemiology in outbreak investigation, surveillance and monitoring of hepatitis A in the population.
PubMed ID
12211577 View in PubMed
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[An outbreak of hepatitis A among intravenous drug addicts in Oslo 1995-96]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11076
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1997 Mar 10;117(7):935-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-10-1997
Author
M. Jensenius
R. Espinoza
T. Hoel
O. Oktedalen
B. Heger
A G Skar
B. Grinde
K. Skaug
D. Berild
Author Affiliation
Medisinsk avdeling Lovisenberg Diakonale sykehus, Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1997 Mar 10;117(7):935-40
Date
Mar-10-1997
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cross Infection - epidemiology - transmission
Disease Outbreaks
English Abstract
Female
Hepatitis A - epidemiology - transmission
Humans
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Substance Abuse, Intravenous
Abstract
Intravenous drug abuse is a well-known risk factor for acquiring hepatitis A infection. Among drug abusers most cases are sporadic, but epidemic outbreaks may occur occasionally. In this article we describe an epidemic outbreak including 144 serologically proved cases of hepatitis A among intravenous heroin and amphetamine abusers in Oslo. The outbreak lasted for 11 months. 59 (41%) of the patients were admitted to hospital. One of them died and seven developed severe but reversible acute hepatitis. We also registered 26 cases of hepatitis A among close contacts, 14 of whom were associated with a nosocomial outbreak that affected nurses, fellow patients and relatives. We do not know how the hepatitis A virus was introduced into the abuser population, but the further spread was probably dominated by a combination of faecal-oral transmission and parenteral transmission secondary to sharing needles. Although we were unable to detect hepatitis A virus in confiscated drug samples by means of polymerase chain reaction we cannot exclude that some abusers were infected by injection of contaminated amphetamine.
PubMed ID
9103002 View in PubMed
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[An outbreak of hepatitis A in a Stockholm suburb. Unfortunate contributing circumstances]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35360
Source
Lakartidningen. 1995 Mar 29;92(13):1380-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-29-1995

[An unusually high familial focal distribution in viral hepatitis A (1)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198027
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000 Jan-Feb;(1):107-8
Publication Type
Article

[An unusually high familial focal distribution in viral hepatitis A (2)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198026
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000 Jan-Feb;(1):109-11
Publication Type
Article
Author
L N Berglezova
Iu P Solodovnikov
A A Temkina
L I Pozdeeva
G A Frolova
L A Sarzhina
I I Shportiuk
Author Affiliation
Center of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance in Northern Administraive Region, Moscow.
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000 Jan-Feb;(1):109-11
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Disease Outbreaks
Family Health
Female
Hepatitis A - epidemiology - transmission
Humans
Male
Moscow - epidemiology
Urban Population
PubMed ID
10876913 View in PubMed
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[A prognostic model of hepatitis A morbidity].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature217434
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1994 Sep-Oct;(5):45-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
A A Asratian
B V Boev
V I Vasil'eva
V P Grishin
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1994 Sep-Oct;(5):45-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Child
Hepatitis A - epidemiology - transmission
Humans
Models, Statistical
Prevalence
Prognosis
Russia - epidemiology
Seasons
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The growing interest to the study of the processes of the spread of hepatitis A (HA) in big cities of our country has stimulated the development of a new prognostic model at the Gamaleia Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology. The model specifically takes into account a number of factors linked with the dynamics of the development of the disease in 6 stages and some regularities in the seasonal rises of HA morbidity. Quantitative relations in the mathematical model are determined by a system of nonlinear integral-differential equations with the first order partial derivatives and under the integral type boundary conditions, which increases the strictness of modeling of HA. The use of this new model has made it possible to carry out the prognostic-analytical study of HA morbidity among children in Perm and to evaluate a decrease in HA morbidity due to the hypothetical vaccination of children in spring months.
PubMed ID
7879481 View in PubMed
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[A retrospective examination of a hepatitis focus in plasma donors]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature56842
Source
Gematol Transfuziol. 1993 Feb;38(2):42-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1993
Author
T V Golosova
I V Osechinskii
A V Somova
I A Valeev
V P Gusarova
T V Shevchenko
Source
Gematol Transfuziol. 1993 Feb;38(2):42-4
Date
Feb-1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Blood Donors - statistics & numerical data
Disease Outbreaks - statistics & numerical data
Disease Reservoirs - statistics & numerical data
English Abstract
Female
Hepatitis A - epidemiology - transmission
Hepatitis B - epidemiology - transmission
Hepatitis C - epidemiology - transmission
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Data are presented on the retrospective epidemiological serological investigation of episodes of hepatitis-like diseases among plasma donors in Krasnoyarsk. A mixed structure of the focus was established with prevalence of B- and non-A-, non-B hepatitides. Markers of recent infection with HB virus were recorded in 43.6% of sick donors, at the same time no donors had IgM antibodies to hepatitis A evidencing the acute stage or early convalescence. The use of the insufficiently sensitive passive hemagglutination test for HBsAg identification has resulted in incomplete detection of donors-carriers of HB virus.
PubMed ID
8020723 View in PubMed
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The epidemiology of viral hepatitis: an overview.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature13255
Source
Am J Med Sci. 1975 Sep-Oct;270(2):253-70
Publication Type
Article
Author
J W Mosley
Source
Am J Med Sci. 1975 Sep-Oct;270(2):253-70
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Animals
Bedbugs - microbiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Denmark
Disease Vectors
Greenland
Hepatitis A - epidemiology - transmission
Hepatitis B - transmission
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
Hepatovirus - isolation & purification
Humans
Infant
Renal Dialysis
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Shellfish
Virus Replication
Abstract
Type A hepatitis maintains itself in human populations without either an extrahuman or human reservoir. Intestinal carriers do not appear to be epidemiologically important; viremic carriers have not been demonstrated. Person-to-person transmission by the fecal-oral route is the usual mechanism. Epidemic and endemic occurrence is usually recognizable by well-defined characteristics; a "hyperendemic" patern has been documented. In some countries, but not all, the long-term trend of type A disease has been downward in recent years. Type B hepatitis is worldwide in distribution, and capable of maintaining itself by the carrier reservoir. Transmission is by multiple mechanisms, with the percutaneous route still of major importance when adequately defined in terms of subtle exposures. Contact-associated transmission probably occurs by both the oral-oral and venereal routes. The long-term trend of type B hepatitis is unknown, but some evidence suggests an increase in the United States apart from the epidemic associated with drug abuse. The existence of additional viruses of human hepatitis is suggested by data concerning transfusion-associated disease and multiple episodes in the same individual.
PubMed ID
192077 View in PubMed
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39 records – page 1 of 4.